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Chapter 9. Luke’s Portrait of Jesus: A Savior for “All Nations”. Key Topics/Themes. Part one of a two-volume work Christianity as a universal world faith Innocence of Jesus and his followers Radical reversal of social order Insertion of two new bodies of material into Markan order.

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Chapter 9

Chapter 9

Luke’s Portrait of Jesus: A Savior for “All Nations”

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Key topics themes
Key Topics/Themes

  • Part one of a two-volume work

  • Christianity as a universal world faith

  • Innocence of Jesus and his followers

  • Radical reversal of social order

  • Insertion of two new bodies of material into Markan order

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education


  • Luke as theodicy

  • Divine promises to Israel now open to Gentiles

  • Importance of John the Baptist

  • Centrality of Jerusalem in God’s plan

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

The author and his sources
The Author and His Sources

  • Dedication to Theophilus

  • Authorship

    • Luke, the “beloved physician”

    • Traditional view: travel companion of Paul

    • Debates over the traditional view

    • Only Gentile New Testament writer

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Sources cont d
Sources (cont’d.)

  • Date

    • After 70 C.E.

    • Luke’s detailed knowledge of siege of Jerusalem

    • Written between 70 and 90 C.E.

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Luke s use of sources
Luke’s Use of Sources

  • Admits using sources

  • Luke’s additions to Mark

    • Infancy narrative

    • Lesser interpolation

    • Greater interpolation

    • Resurrection narratives

  • Dependence upon Hebrew Bible

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Typical lukan themes
Typical Lukan Themes

  • The Holy Spirit

  • Prayers and hymns

  • Jesus’ concern for women

  • Jesus’ affinity with the unrespectable

  • Christianity as a universal faith

  • Innocence of Jesus and his followers

  • Jesus as “Savior”

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Infancy narratives john and jesus 1 5 2 52
Infancy Narratives: John and Jesus (1:5-2:52)

  • Birth of John the Baptist

  • The role of Mary

  • Luke’s use of hymns

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Jesus galilean ministry 4 14 9 50
Jesus’ Galilean Ministry (4:14-9:50)

  • Also known as the “lesser interpolation”

  • Jesus’ rejection at Nazareth

  • The “lesser interpolation”

    • Luke’s Sermon on the Plain

    • Reversals of status for rich and poor

    • The importance of women

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Luke s travel narrative 9 51 18 14

Luke’s Travel Narrative (9:51-18:14)

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Introduction to the travel narrative
Introduction to the Travel Narrative

  • Also known as the “greater interpolation”

  • Little action; mostly teaching

  • Jesus in Samaria

  • Jesus’ victory over Satan’s realm

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Survey of the travel narrative
Survey of the Travel Narrative

  • Parable of the Good Samaritan

    • Setting

    • Ethical complexities

  • Mary and Martha

  • Instructions on prayer

  • Luke’s views on riches and poverty

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Travel narrative cont d
Travel Narrative (cont’d.)

  • Lazarus and the rich man

  • Jesus’ love of the unhappy and the outcast

  • Parables of joy at finding what was lost

    • The lost sheep

    • A lost coin

    • The prodigal son

  • Parable of the dishonest steward

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Jerusalem ministry 18 31 21 38
Jerusalem Ministry (18:31-21:38)

  • Conflicting beliefs about the Parousia

    • Parousia has already occurred

    • Parousia is imminent

  • Lukan sayings about the kingdom

  • The fall of Jerusalem and the Parousia

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Passion narrative 22 1 23 56
Passion Narrative (22:1-23:56)

  • Luke’s interpretation of the Passion

    • Stress on the innocence of Jesus

    • Jesus’ death as a righteous example

  • The Last Supper

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Jesus final ordeal
Jesus’ Final Ordeal

  • Luke’s portrayal of the disciples

  • The Sanhedrin hearing

  • Jesus sent to Herod Antipas

  • Pilate protests Jesus’ innocence

  • Jesus asks for forgiveness of his executioners

  • Jesus consoles others

  • “This man was innocent”

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Epilogue resurrection narratives 24 1 53
Epilogue: Resurrection Narratives (24:1-53)

  • Jesus appears on road to Emmaus

  • Jesus appears to disciples in upper room

  • Jesus’ life, death, resurrection foretold in Hebrew Scriptures

  • Disciples to remain in Jerusalem; await empowerment by Holy Spirit

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education


  • Gospel ascribed to Luke

  • Jesus a world savior

  • God’s compassion and forgiveness for all

  • Disciples to carry on Jesus’ work until appearance of Son of Man

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Summary cont d
Summary (cont’d.)

  • Disciples to carry Jesus’ mission “to the ends of the earth”

  • Mission of Church extended indefinitely into the future

©McGraw-Hill Higher Education