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Torture Devices: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Medieval...and Even Modern. Torture Devices:. Reasons To Torture. Suppress dissent, maintain control To advance a political or social agenda To punish To get information. Reasons Not to Torture. Unreliable information/results Evidence often not admissible in court May backfire

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reasons to torture
Reasons To Torture
  • Suppress dissent, maintain control
  • To advance a political or social agenda
  • To punish
  • To get information
reasons not to torture
Reasons Not to Torture
  • Unreliable information/results
  • Evidence often not admissible in court
  • May backfire
  • Torture hurts the torturer and society
  • Torture violates professional ethics and religions traditions
coffin torture
Coffin Torture

Knee Splitter

recent
Recent
  • Participation in capital punishment – U.S.
  • Nazi physicians
    • Research
    • Torture
international responses to torture
International Responses to Torture
  • 18th Century, enlightenment – “barbaric” – illegal – illicit
  • 20th Century
    • 1948 UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights Acts
    • 1947 Doctors Trial at Nuremberg
    • 1949 Geneva Convention, Art. 3
    • 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
    • 1975 Helsinki Accords
current issues in iraq afghanistan and cuba medical personnel
Current Issues in Iraq, Afghanistan and Cuba. Medical Personnel:
  • Aided harsh interrogations directly & indirectly
  • Failed to intervene when witnessing abusive interrogations
  • Failed to do physical exams on victims and/or failed to record findings
  • Prepared incomplete or falsified death certificates
  • Tolerated systemic neglect of prisoners’ living situations
interrogations
Interrogations
  • Abuses
  • BSCT (Behavioral Science Consultation Teams)
  • Other medical personnel involvement
deaths
Deaths
  • Beatings
  • Asphyxiations
  • Suspensions
how did we arrive at this place
How did we arrive at this place?

Follow the laws and What’s in a name?

  • 1996 War crimes Act 1996
  • 2002 Executive Order, President Bush
  • 2006 Military Commissions Act
geneva conventions part iii article 10 general protection of medical duties
Geneva Conventions: Part III Article 10. – General protection of medical duties
  • No punishment for carrying out medical activities compatible with medical ethics.
  • “Persons engaged in medical activities shall neither be compelled to perform acts or to carry out work contrary to, nor be compelled to refrain from acts required by, the rules of medical ethics or other rules designed for the benefit of the wounded and sick, or this Protocol.”
water boarding special case
Water boarding – Special Case
  • History
  • Senator McCain
reflections
Reflections
  • What is the ethical dilemma?
  • Whose problem is it?
  • What ethical responses are possible?
  • Or obligatory?: (the may and the must)