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You May, You Must, You Don’t Have to, You Cannot A Verification Quiz. Kathy Tipton Guilford Technical Community College NCASFAA/SCASFAA Fall 2006 Conference. 1.

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you may you must you don t have to you cannot a verification quiz

You May, You Must, You Don’t Have to, You CannotA Verification Quiz

Kathy Tipton

Guilford Technical Community College

NCASFAA/SCASFAA

Fall 2006 Conference

slide2
1
  • A student (may, must, cannot) update income or asset information to reflect changes to the family’s financial situation that took place after the FAFSA was filed.
1 answer
1 Answer
  • Cannot. “A student cannot update income or asset information to reflect changes to the family’s financial situation that took place after the FAFSA was filed. For example, if her family sold some stock after she signed a FAFSA and spent the money on a non-reported asset such as a car. She can’t update her information to show a change in the family’s assets.”
slide4
2
  • If you require students to provide you with information other than what appears on the FAFSA in order to apply for institutional or private aid, you (must, cannot) take that additional information into account in your awarding of Title IV aid.
2 answer
2 Answer
  • Must. “The FAFSA is the only form all students must fill out to apply for Title IV aid. A school cannot require extra information from students except for verification or resolving conflicting information. But a school may require extra information for other purposes such as packaging private or institutional aid, and if the school does this or is otherwise aware of information that is related to Title IV need and eligibility, it must take the information into account when awarding Title IV aid.”
slide6
3
  • A school (may, must, doesn’t have to) verify any application information that it has reason to believe is incorrect.
3 answer
3 Answer
  • Must. “A school must verify any information that it has reason to believe is incorrect [34 CFR 668.54(a) (3)] or discrepant [34 CFR 668.16 (f)].”
slide8
4
  • Students selected by the school (must, may, don’t have to) be held to the same deadlines and allowable tolerances as those selected by CPS.
4 answer
4 Answer
  • Must. “The school may also select additional applications for verification beyond those required, and in these cases the school decides which items to verify: it can choose any that must be verified on CPS-selected applications, or it can choose different items. Regardless of whether the CPS or the school selected the application for verification, all other verification requirements, such as deadlines and allowable tolerances and interim disbursement rules, apply equally to all students who are being verified.”
slide10
5
  • A School (may, may not) choose to verify more than 30% of all applications.
5 answer
5 Answer
  • May. The school may choose to verify more than 30%...
slide12
6
  • If CPS selects less than 30% of the applications for verification, the school (may, must, doesn’t have to) verify enough applications to reach 30%.
6 answer
6 Answer
  • Doesn’t have to. “The school may choose to verify more than 30%, and if the CPS selects less than that, the school isn’t required to reach 30%; it is not a quota.”
slide14
7
  • A selected application (may, must, doesn’t have to) be verified if the student is an immigrant who arrived in the US during calendar years 2006 or 2007.
7 answer
7 Answer
  • Doesn’t have to. “A selected application does not have to be verified if the student is an immigrant who arrived in the United States during calendar years 2006 or 2007.
slide16
8
  • A selected application (isn’t, may be) exempt form some or all of the verification requirements due to unusual circumstances.
8 answer
8 Answer
  • May be. “A selected application may be exempt from some or all of the verification requirements due to unusual circumstances. Except in the case of the student’s death, however, none of these exemptions excuse the school from the requirement to resolve conflicting information.”
slide18
9
  • Schools participating in the Quality Assurance Program (may, must) develop verification procedures different from those specified in the FSA regulations.
9 answer
9 Answer
  • May. “Also note that schools participating in the Quality Assurance Program can develop verification procedures different than those specified in the FSA regulations.”
slide20
10
  • A school (may, doesn’t have to) verify a student who withdraws without receiving aid.
10 answer
10 Answer
  • Doesn’t have to. “You don’t have to verify a student who won’t receive FSA for reasons other than his failure to complete verification. This category includes students ineligible for aid from the FSA programs and those who withdraw without receiving aid.”
slide22
11
  • Schools (must, don’t have to) use the Federal Verification Worksheet or any other verification worksheet.
11 answer
11 Answer
  • Don’t have to. “…you’re not required to use the verification worksheets. Your school may use its own worksheet or none at all. You may require other documentation in addition to or instead of a completed verification worksheet.”
slide24
12
  • A school (must, doesn’t have to) verify Household size if it receives the student’s ISIR or SAR within 90 days after the application was signed.
12 answer
12 Answer
  • Doesn’t have to. “You don’t have to verify household size if any of the following apply:” (Four items listed, including “you receive the student’s ISIR or SAR within 90 days after the date the application was signed.
slide26
13
  • A school (must, may) accept a statement signed by the student (and at least 1 parent for dependent students) to verify Number in College.
13 answer
13 Answer
  • May. “Number enrolled in college: If the student completes the Department’s verification worksheet, no further documentation for this item is required. Instead of the worksheet, you may accept a statement signed by the student (and at least one of the student’s parents, for dependent students).”
slide28
14
  • AGI reported on the FAFSA (must, may) match the AGI on the tax return.
14 answer
14 Answer
  • May. “The AGI figures reported on the FAFSA should always match the AGI figures that appear on the tax return, unless the FAFSA amount has been adjusted from a joint return due to divorce, separation, or professional judgment.” (Emphasis mine.)
slide30
15
  • Schools (must, may, are not required to) verify Social Security benefits.
15 answer
15 Answer
  • Must/May. There is conflicting information on this. On page 84 of the AVG under the heading “Untaxed income and benefits” is the following: “For an application selected for verification, you must verify up to six specific types of untaxed income and benefits: Social Security Benefits, child support, IRA/Keogh deductions, foreign income exclusion, earned income credit, and interest on tax-free bonds.” And on page 95 under the heading “Verifying untaxed Social Security benefits” is the following: “You’re not required to verify social Security benefits unless you have reason to believe that benefits were not reported or were reported incorrectly.” (Emphasis theirs.)
slide32
16
  • Schools (must, may, cannot) originate, certify, and disburse Unsubsidized and Plus loans regardless of a student’s verification status.
16 answer
16 Answer
  • May. “As already mentioned, verification isn’t required for unsubsidized and PLUS loans. Therefore, schools can originate, certify, and disburse unsubsidized and PLUS loans regardless of a students verification status.”
slide34
17
  • Schools (must, may, cannot) certify a FFEL Stafford loan application or originate a Direct Stafford loan for a student who hasn’t completed verification.
17 answer
17 Answer
  • May. “You can certify a FFEL Stafford loan application or originate a Direct Stafford loan for a student who hasn’t completed verification, but you can’t disburse the loan.”
slide36
18
  • Financial aid professionals (may, must, are not expected to) have special knowledge or expertise regarding the US tax code.
18 answer
18 Answer
  • Are not expected to. (Really!) “Financial aid professionals are not expected to have special knowledge or expertise regarding the US tax code.”
slide38
19
  • If someone whose data were required on the FAFSA submits a signed statement claiming non-filer status and you have reason to believe that person would have been required to file a US tax return, this (may, must, doesn’t have to) be resolved. (Grammar courtesy of the Application and Verification Guide, 2006-07)
19 answer
19 Answer
  • Must. “If someone whose data were required on the FAFSA submits a signed statement claiming non-filer status and you have reason to believe that person would have been required to file a US tax return, this must be resolved.”
slide40
20
  • Schools (may, must, cannot) verify items other than the five major data elements required for verification: household size, number in college, adjusted gross income, US income tax paid, and untaxed income and benefits.
20 answer
20 Answer
  • May. “In addition to verifying these required items for CPS-selected students, you can choose to verify any other application items, requiring any reasonable documentation, in accordance with consistently applied institutional policies.”
slide42
21
  • Required signatures, such as signatures on worksheets or on copies of tax returns (may, may not) be collected after the verification deadline for that award year.
21 answer
21 Answer
  • May not. “Any required signatures, such as signatures on worksheets or on copies of tax returns, must be collected at the time of verification—they can’t be collected after the verification deadline for that award year.”
slide44
22
  • If any of the persons required to report information on the FAFSA will file, but hadn’t filed a tax return at the time of application and are not selected for verification, schools (may, must, don’t have to) verify the estimated information.
22 answer
22 Answer
  • Don’t have to. From “Resolving Conflicting Information, Anthony Jones, April 24, 2006: “What is not Conflicting Information under the Regulations: …FAFSA filed using estimated income.”
slide46
23
  • If any of the persons required to report information on the FAFSA will file, but hadn’t filed a tax return at the time of application, and haven’t filed at the time of verification, the school (may, must) accept as alternative documentation copies of the W-2 forms and, as proof that the IRS has granted a filing extension, either a copy of IRS form 4868 or a copy of the IRS approval of an extension beyond the automatic four-month extension.
23 answer
23 Answer
  • Must. “At the time of verification, the necessary tax returns should have been filed and must be used for verification. If a return hasn’t been filed by then and a filing extension was granted by the IRS, the school shall (MUST) accept as alternative documentation copies of the W-2 forms, and, as proof that the IRS has granted a filing extension, either a copy of IRS form 4868- Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File A U.S. Individual Tax Return, or a copy of the IRS approval of an extension beyond the automatic four-month extension.”
slide48
24
  • Household size or number in college (may, must, cannot) be updated unless the student is selected for verification.
24 answer
24 Answer
  • Cannot. “Unlike dependency status, household size or number in college cannot be updated unless the student is selected for verification. If he is selected, these items must be updated to be correct at the time of verification unless they changed due to a change in the student’s marital status, in which case updating is not permitted.” (Emphasis theirs.)
slide50
25
  • If a student is selected for verification, household size and number in college (may, must, cannot) be updated to be correct at the time of verification. (Unless the change is due to a change in the student’s marital status, in which case updating is not permitted.)
25 answer
25 Answer
  • Must. “Unlike dependency status, household size or number in college cannot be updated unless the student is selected for verification. If he is selected, these items must be updated to be correct at the time of verification unless they changed due to a change in the student’s marital status, in which case updating is not permitted.” (Emphasis theirs.)
slide52
26
  • Verification isn’t required if the student is only receiving PLUS or unsubsidized Stafford loans, because the loans are not based on the EFC. A student (can, cannot) avoid verification by choosing to borrow an unsubsidized loan instead of a subsidized loan.
26 answer
26 Answer
  • Cannot. “Verification concerns applicants for most FSA programs, but it isn’t required if the student will only receive PLUS (through a parent) or unsubsidized Stafford loans, because these loans are not based on the EFC. However, a student can’t avoid verification by choosing to borrow an unsubsidized loan instead of a subsidized loan. If he tries to do the, the school is to continue with verification.”
slide54
27
  • A student’s application (might, cannot) be selected for verification after corrections are submitted and after the student has already been paid based on the previous unselected CPS transaction.
27 answer
27 Answer
  • Might. “A student’s application might be selected for verification after corrections are submitted and after the student has already been paid based on the previous unselected CPS transaction. You must verify his application before making further disbursements. If verification does not justify aid that has already been disbursed, then the student is responsible for repaying all aid for which he is not eligible, though he may keep any Stafford loan money received and FWS wages earned.
slide56
28
  • You (must, may, don’t have to, cannot) verify a selected application if a disbursement has been made.
28 answer
28 Answer
  • Must. See notes at #27.
slide58
29
  • If verification does not justify aid that has already been disbursed, then (the student, the school) is responsible for repaying all aid for which the student is not eligible, though the student may keep any Stafford loan money received and FWS wages earned.
29 answer
29 Answer
  • The student. See notes at #27.
slide60
30
  • A student, selected for verification, that had not filed tax returns at the time of application (must, doesn’t have to) submit a copy of the tax return when filed.
30 answer
30 Answer
  • Must. “…the student must submit a copy of the tax returns when filed…. A student who fails to submit a copy of the filed tax return or alternative documents before the documentation deadline is ineligible for FSA funds and is required to repay any aid disbursed.”
slide62
31
  • When the student turns in completed tax returns after an estimate has been verified, you (may, must, cannot) use them to re-verify the required data.
31 answer
31 Answer
  • May. When you receive the completed tax returns, you may use them to re-verify the required data.
slide64
32
  • Students and schools can (correct, update) items that were incorrectly reported on the original FAFSA submission, but because the FAFSA is considered to be a “snapshot” of the family’s financial situation as of the date the application was submitted, only a few answers from the FAFSA can be (corrected, updated) to reflect changes after the FAFSA was signed.
32 answer
32 Answer
  • (a) Correct(b) updated. “Students and schools can correct items that were incorrectly reported on the original FAFSA submission, but because the FAFSA is considered to be a “snapshot” of the family’s financial situation as of the date the application was submitted, only a few answers from the FAFSA can be updated to reflect changes after the FAFSA was signed. Also, as an aid administrator, you have the discretion to use you professional judgment to adjust the student’s reported information to account for special circumstances.” (Emphasis theirs.)
slide66
33
  • While the applicant does not update household size or number in college because of a change in his marital status, if he is a dependent student and his parent remarries between application and verification, he (must, cannot) update the household size to include the new stepparent. The student (must, would not) count the new stepparent’s income and assets.
33 answer
33 Answer
  • (a) Must(b) Would not. “While the applicant does not update household size or number in college because of a change in his marital status, if he is a dependent student and his parent remarries between application and verification, he must update the household size to include the new stepparent. However, the student would not count the new stepparent’s income and assets. The school could use professional judgment to include the stepparent’s income or to otherwise account for the change.”
slide68
34
  • If a student fails to provide the required documentation by the deadline, the following is one of the results: If the student already received Pell, FSEOG, or Perkins money in a disbursement prior to being selected for verification, then (the school, the student) must return that money. If the student received it as an interim disbursement that you gave while waiting to complete verification, (the school, the student) is responsible for returning the money to the programs.
34 answer
34 Answer
  • (a) The Student(b) The School. “If a student fails to provide the required documentation by the deadline …and the student already received Pell, FSEOG, or Perkins money in a disbursement prior to being selected for verification, then the he [the student] must return the money. If he received it as an interim disbursement that you gave while waiting to complete verification, your school is responsible for returning the money to the programs.”
slide70
35
  • (Note: There are no action choices in this item. This is so confusing that I copied it exactly as it appears.) Options if correction increases eligibility: For Pell Grants, if the scheduled award would increase and if the student completes verification and submits no corrections, you may use the original EFC and grant amount. Otherwise, you must pay the student the increased amount by submitting the corrections to the CPS for reprocessing. If the student was selected for verification, you can make a first payment based on the original EFC and adjust the second payment upon receipt of the reprocessed ISIR/SAR, or you can wait until you receive the new EFC before you pay the student. If the student wasn’t selected for verification, you must wait until you receive the reprocessed EFC before making a payment.
35 answer
35 Answer
  • No answer required for this item. Information presented is correct.
slide72
36
  • There’s an important limitation when a student completes verification while no longer enrolled but within the subsequent 120-day period allowed for verification. In such cases, you (may, cannot, must always) use the higher EFC, even if it was the original and incorrect EFC.
36 answer
36 Answer
  • Must Always. “There’s an important limitation when a student completes verification while no longer enrolled but within the subsequent 120-day period allowed for verification. In such cases, you must always use the higher EFC, even if it was the original and incorrect EFC. (Emphasis theirs.)
slide74
37
  • Options if correction decreases eligibility: For Pell Grants, if the scheduled award would decrease, the data must be corrected and submitted to the CPS. You (may, cannot, must) make Pell payments to the student until you receive the new output document.
37 answer
37 Answer
  • Cannot. “Options if correction decreases eligibility: For Pell Grants, if the scheduled award would decrease, the data must be corrected and submitted to the CPS. You can’t make Pell payments to the student until you receive the new output document.”
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