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“Through you all peoples will be blessed” ( Genesis 12:3 ). Nazarene missions history in context: The Kingdom Strikes Back! A presentation by Howard Culbertson Southern Nazarene University. Two key questions to understanding Nazarene missions:.

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through you all peoples will be blessed genesis 12 3

“Through you all peoples will be blessed”(Genesis 12:3)

Nazarene missions history

in context:

The Kingdom Strikes Back!

A presentation by Howard Culbertson

Southern Nazarene University

Fulfilling the Great Commission

two key questions to understanding nazarene missions
Two key questions to understanding Nazarene missions:
  • What do we fit into the modern missionary movement?
  • Which cultural and historical dynamics shaped our missionary enterprise?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

5 epochs of redemptive history
5 Epochs of Redemptive History

Concept developed by Ralph Winter

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the romans ad 0 400
Winning the RomansAD 0-400

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the romans ad 0 4005
Winning the RomansAD 0-400

Bible in Gothic

translated by Ulfilas

Early Roman Fresco of St. Paul

Fulfilling the Great Commission

emperor constantine s vision
Emperor Constantine’s Vision

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the barbarians ad 400 800
Winning the BarbariansAD 400-800

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the barbarians ad 400 8008
Winning the BarbariansAD 400-800

Origin of Christmas tree?

Boniface after chopping

down the sacred oak

of the thunder god

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the vikings ad 800 1200
Winning the VikingsAD 800 - 1200

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the vikings ad 800 120010
Winning the VikingsAD 800 - 1200
  • Vikings delighted in
    • killing people in the churches
    • burning churches
    • selling monks into slavery.
  • Anskar (801-854)
    • “Apostle of the North”
    • Sadly, no visible, lasting results
  • Though England and the Continent were devastated by the Vikings, it was not a victory for paganism

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the saracens ad 1200 1600
Winning the Saracens?AD 1200-1600

Fulfilling the Great Commission

winning the saracens ad 1200 160012
Winning the Saracens?AD 1200-1600

Raymond Lull’s martyrdom in North Africa

versus

The stain of the Crusades

St. Francis of Assisi and the Sultan of Egypt

Fulfilling the Great Commission

to the ends of the earth ad 1600 2000
To the Ends of the EarthAD 1600-2000

Fulfilling the Great Commission

to the ends of the earth ad 1600 200014
To the Ends of the EarthAD 1600-2000

Fulfilling the Great Commission

1792 1914 the great century in historian latourette s words
1792-1914:The Great Century(in historian Latourette’s words)
  • Opened:
    • William Carey forms Baptist Missionary Society
  • Ended:
    • World War I

“Imperfect as they were, those nineteenth-century missionaries turned what some thought to be a declining Caucasian religion into the largest and most dynamic religious faith in the world”

Ruth Tucker

Fulfilling the Great Commission

three eras four men
Three eras; four men
  • To the coast lands (1792-1910)
    • William Carey
    • “Haystack” prayer meeting
    • European dominance
  • To the inland areas (1865-1980)
    • Hudson Taylor
    • “Faith” mission agencies
    • American dominance
  • Unreached groups (1934- ? )
    • William Cameron Townsend
    • Donald McGavran

Fulfilling the Great Commission

william carey
William Carey
  • Father of Modern Missions

The rebuke to Carey: “When God chooses to win the heathen, He will do it without your help or ours.”

Fulfilling the Great Commission

hudson taylor
Hudson Taylor
  • China Inland Mission

A Chinese convert:

“What! For hundreds of years you have had these glad tidings and only now have come to preach it to us? My father sought after the truth for more than twenty years, and died without finding it. Oh, why did you not come sooner?”

Fulfilling the Great Commission

unreached peoples
Unreached Peoples

An Indian’s question:

“How come God doesn’t speak my language?”

William “Uncle Cam” Townsend

Unreached Linguistic Groups

Fulfilling the Great Commission

unreached peoples20
Unreached Peoples

“God wants His lost children found!”

Donald McGavran

Unreached Ethnic Groups

Fulfilling the Great Commission

world missionary conference edinburgh 1910
World Missionary ConferenceEdinburgh 1910

Focus: What will it take to finish the job in the unoccupied fields?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

nazarene movement born at end of great century

Nazarene movement born at end of Great Century

How were Nazarenes influenced by what was “in the air” at the time?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

what we ve always said the church of the nazarene is the product of mid 1800 s holiness revivals

What we’ve always said: The Church of the Nazarene is the product of mid-1800’s holiness revivals

What we should now ask:

How much of Nazarene missionary ethos is due to the Great Century’s passion and zeal to reach the unreached?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

slide24

“We are debtors to every man to give him the gospel in the same measure we have received it”-- P.F. Bresee

Fulfilling the Great Commission

what did bresee mean by that

What did Bresee mean by that?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

prior to pilot point
Prior to Pilot Point
  • Northeast: Association of Pentecostal Churches of America
    • 1897, India
    • 1901, Cape Verde Islands
  • West: Church of the Nazarene
    • 1904, Spanish mission in Los Angeles
    • 1906, India
  • South: Holiness Church of Christ
    • 1903, Mexico
    • 1907, Swaziland
  • South: Pentecostal Mission
    • 1902, Cuba
    • 1903, Guatemala
    • 1904, India

Fulfilling the Great Commission

a missions flavor from the start
A missions flavor from the start

1908

  • 6 countries
  • 19 missionaries

Fulfilling the Great Commission

passion and vision from the northeast
Passion and vision from the northeast

H.F. Reynolds

Susan Fitkin

Fulfilling the Great Commission

from the south the african legacy
From the south, the African legacy

Harmon Schmelzenbach

Fulfilling the Great Commission

decisions with far reaching consequences
Decisions with far-reaching consequences
  • General Superintendents given jurisdiction over all district assemblies world-wide
  • Only General Superintendents would lead ordination services

Fulfilling the Great Commission

1923 sweeping restructuring
1923:Sweeping restructuring
  • Organization of a single General Board
  • Setting up of unified budget
  • Missions mobilizing and support raising left in hands of an auxiliary, the WFMS with Fitkin as president
  • First tentative step toward creation of “regions”
      • (This particular step abandoned in 1926)

Fulfilling the Great Commission

depression years r etrenchment not disaster
Depression Years: Retrenchment, not Disaster

“Can’t you do just a little bit more?”

  • J. G. Morrison, Foreign Missions executive secretary 1928-36

Fulfilling the Great Commission

from morrison s just a little bit more our holiday offerings
From Morrison’s “just a little bit more” -- our holiday offerings
  • 1932 -- first Thanksgiving offering ($11,749)
  • 1933 -- first Easter offering ($29,433)
    • “Shower of Dimes” promoted by young people’s society

Fulfilling the Great Commission

war opens some doors
War opens some doors
  • First “million for missions” year
  • Italy
  • Australia
    • Direct result of contacts by U.S. military personnel
  • Germany
  • Papua New Guinea
    • Entered because of

burdened servicemen

Fulfilling the Great Commission

1945 1969 the twenty five unbelievable years ralph winter s phrase
1945-1969:The Twenty-Five Unbelievable years(Ralph Winter’s phrase)
  • Returning veterans bring global consciousness
  • Nationalism explodes
  • Collapse of Western control (from 99% to less than 5%)
  • Upsurge of Christianity in non-western world

Fulfilling the Great Commission

1940 s post war advances
1940’s: Post-War advances
  • 1948 First “native” speaker at General Assembly
  • 1949 Funding crisis solved
    • Alabaster offering begun
    • 10% plan -- Leslie Gay’s 1905 idea is finally accepted

Fulfilling the Great Commission

italian takes 1948 general assembly by storm
Did his General Assembly appearance, his vitality and ability subtly move forward the processes of indigenization and internationalization? Italian takes 1948 General Assembly “by storm”

Alfredo Del Rosso

Fulfilling the Great Commission

the 1970 s internationalization under jerald johnson s leadership work and witness
The 1970’s: Internationalizationunder Jerald Johnson’s leadership Work and Witness

Fulfilling the Great Commission

internationalization
Internationalization
  • 1972 Steps put on paper
    • General Assembly approves multi-stage process for districts to become “regular”
  • 1974 First Regular World Mission District
    • Northeast Guatemala
      • Japan had applied in 1936, but we didn’t know what to do with request
  • 1976 Intercontinental zone reps on General Board
    • Three zones created
  • 1980 Six regions created

Fulfilling the Great Commission

a federation of national bodies or a unified family
A federation of national bodies or a unified family?
  • Only the Roman Catholics are attempting to do what we are: create a global church
  • Regional assemblies or regional conferences?
  • Regional Directors now appointed by General Superintendents and report to them

Fulfilling the Great Commission

volunteerism
Volunteerism
  • Did Work and Witness save us?

Fulfilling the Great Commission

the 21st century
Sending

Overseeing

Intermediacy

Support

Centralization

Colonialistic vestiges

“Missionaries can go anywhere”

“Missionaries can do anything”

“We are here to build things for God”

Using stewardship as excuse for a controlling posture”

The 21st Century?

Issues and themes to deal with

  • Impact of Shrinking World
  • SOP, PDQ, ETC, FYEO
  • Tentmaker Witnesses
  • Multicultural Teams
  • Minimal Management

Fulfilling the Great Commission

through you all peoples will be blessed gen 12 3

“Through you all peoples will be blessed” (Gen. 12:3)

(end)

Nazarene missions history

in context:

The Kingdom Strikes Back!

A presentation by

Howard Culbertson

Southern Nazarene University

Fulfilling the Great Commission