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Berea City School District. Looking Ahead to College Berea High School January 16, 2014. The landscape for college admissions has changed . . . College admissions in the late 1970s and early 1980s is very different from today’s admissions

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berea city school district

Berea City School District

Looking Ahead to College

Berea High School

January 16, 2014

the landscape for college admissions has changed
The landscape for college admissions has changed . . .
  • College admissions in the late 1970s and early 1980s is very different from today’s admissions
  • More students today are expected to be college and career readywhen finishing high school
Today . . .
  • Students apply to several colleges
  • Resumes (brag sheets) start when 8th grade ends
  • College admissions is now global in scope; internationals are courted
  • College admissions is competitive
and . .
  • Some students start taking the ACT/SAT in 6thgrade(NUMATS)
  • The PSAT is given to younger students
  • Some parents pay $$$$ for test prep (books/on-line)
  • Web sites can compute “chances” in seconds; Naviance
  • Summer is no longer “down time”
add to that
add to that . . .
  • less Federal and state funding for higher education (the economy & reluctance to raise additional revenues)
  • Ohio has cut 28.9% for higher education in state spending per student FY08-FY13

Source: Center on Budget & Policy Priorities

some parents will say
some parents will say . . .
  • “Paying for college scares me . . . ”
  • “My son/daughter is in the top 10, so Harvard(or MIT, Caltech, Yale, Princeton, Stanford, etc. is a real option.”
  • “What do you mean Ohio State University is no longer a safety school?”
some students will say
some students will say . . .
  • “I want to go to a top school . . . I don’t care which one.”
  • “I don’t know where to start.”
  • “My mom and/or dad is pressuring me to go to School X.”
  • “I’ll just go where my friends are going.”
  • “I want to go to school in Florida because of the sun.”
perfect storm1
Perfect Storm
  • HS counseling loads & job descriptions are increasing
  • Colleges are more expensive
  • The economy is still struggling; yet college costs are soaring (OSU $20,810, Columbia is near the top at $64,144)
  • Application numbers continue to rise -- acceptance percentages are declining:

Harvard 5.79% [RA 3.76%] Yale 6.72%

Stanford 5.69%[RA 4.54%] Cornell 13.47%

  • Some schools are no longer able to be “need-blind”
latest trends in college admissions
Latest trends in college admissions. . .
  • Reduced resources for students, schools and colleges
  • Increase in students planning to attend public colleges (more top students attending in-state; test score averages are increasing)
  • Students are spending less time evaluating the “fit” of their college options
  • Financial aid calculators ; transparency; need to understand the financial aid process
  • Colleges are paying more attention to yield rates; students who may actually enroll if offered admission

--National Association for College Admission Counseling, 2011

more numbers and observations
More numbers and observations . . .
  • The Ohio State University: Average ACT score in 1995: 22.8

Average ACT score in 2013: 28.5

  • OSU mid-range: ACT 27-31 [25% above and 25% below]
  • Autumn 2013 Freshman class: 7,083 students (35,475 apps)
  • Total undergraduate enrollment at OSU: 50,551 (Columbus = 44,201)
  • Freshman profile: Ohio residents 71.7% trending down

US (outside of OH): 21.2 trending up

Internationals: 7.1% steady

Source: Ohio State University (Office of Enrollment Services), 2014

more numbers and observations1
More numbers and observations . . .

Ohio University:

OLD: ACT of 32 = may be eligible for free tuition

NEW: Well, it’s complicated

Many schools run scholarship competitions to award merit aid

Some students are starting college later:

1967 - 14% started college at age 19 or older

2011 - it was 29%

Something to think about: There is no race to finish in 4

years; avoid debt

test scores
Test Scores
  • PSAT: (cut-off for National Merit has ranged from 211 – 215 since 1999); less $$$$at schools for Finalists
  • SAT: different test than ACT; most highly selective colleges prefer it & SAT II’s
  • ACT:most popular in the Midwest

What scores are necessary for readiness for college?

R 22 E 18 M 22 Sci 23

(scores considered minimal to not need remediation)

Perfect Scores in Ohio: 58 (Class of 2013)

Perfect Scores in the Nation: 1,162

financial aid two definitions
Financial Aid – Two definitions
  • More colleges are eliminating merit aid and only using need-based
  • Most recommendations say “aim low” for better aid packages (schools where your child is overqualified) (Kiplinger’s)
  • Apply to different types of schools (private, state, AP credit, etc.)
  • Always apply for aid
  • You can always share what the competition is offering
  • Look at Financial Aid sites for merit aid (look at test scores needed for merit scholarships, scholarship criteria)
  • Some success stories: $1000 @ year for an Ivy; full-rides because of family need and great students
a word about rankings
A word about rankings . . .
  • In 1999, US News & World Report named California Institute of Technology (Caltech)the number one college in America. Due to much criticism, the magazine then changed its criteria to reduce the importance of one measure: expenditures per student.

Source: Daniel Golden, The Price of Admission

  • Different rankings emphasize different criteria:

Forbes: post-graduate success, debt & happiness

US News: selectivity, alumni giving and guidance

counselor opinions

Princeton Review: Dorms Like Dungeons, Dorms Like Palaces, etc.

where to start
Where to Start

Understand the Terminology (use BCSD resources):

Use the BCSD resources:

--Acronyms/ Definitions for Navigating the

College Process

--College Prep Assessment Terminology

--Suggested List of Colleges

--What College/University is Right for Me?

Where to find resources:

Berea-Midpark HS web site (Guidance)

BCSD District web site (Services > Gifted Services)

and Office of Academic Affairs

important things that people miss
Important Things That People Miss
  • Deadlines (waiting too long to ask

for recommendations,

information or missing

scholarship deadlines)

  • SAT II’s and/or not taking both

ACT & SAT exams

  • Looking ahead for the FAFSA, CSS

Profile ; timelines

  • Codes (High Schools, CEEB)


  • Understanding the differences--

(e.g., Early Action, Early

Decision, Rolling

Admissions); tracking changes

where should students start
Where should studentsstart?
  • Look at strengths & weaknesses
  • Favorite classes
  • Undecided or Focused?
  • Look at criteria: large v. small, rural v. urban, etc.
  • Look at applications BEFORE senior year
  • Reach/Match/Safety
  • Engage in honest conversations with parents
finding reach match safety
Finding reach, match & safety
  • Reach, match, safety – what do they mean?
  • Some schools are reach schools for everyone
  • A reach school for one student may be a safety for another
  • Use the lists, look at the test score mid-ranges, look at other students with similar profiles
  • Maybe start with the lists of schools known to have strong programs in the interest area then gradually look at the other criteria
what matters to admissions offices
What matters to Admissions Offices?
  • Grades in college prep courses
  • High School Curriculum (strength & rigor)
  • Standardized Test Scores
  • GPA
  • Recommendations
make sure you can get a job
Make sure you can get a job!
  • Look at “in-demand” majors
  • Follow your heart, not your pocketbook
  • Do career shadowing
  • Take classes to help improve your skills
hot majors
Hot Majors

Biomedical engineering

Biometrics; Forensic Science

Computer Game Design


Data Science; Business


Petroleum Engineering

Public Health


Sustainability (environmental degrees)

  • Start early
  • Meet with your counselor
  • Challenge yourself in school
  • Get involved
  • Use the available resources