Skill 304 Lecture \ 2. Learning objectives. Recognize types of test forms. General feature of the test forms . To know the Criteria for filling the forms. Analyze test forms. List the specimen types. Pre and Post- specimen collection check. . Test requisition.
1- hematology form
2- Chemistry form
3- Serology & virology form
4- Culture & sensitivity form
5- Hormones form
6- Urine analysis form
7- Stool analysis form
8- Multipurpose form
1- general information : related to the patient & the ward
2- hospital name
3- form’s type
4- clinical diagnosis
5- Processing type
6- date , time & name of the sender
7- tests to be done
8- analyzer information
Test to be done
1- patient’s name, age, sex, nationality & hospital ( file ) number .
2- relevant ward details .
3- name of ( consultant / specialist )
4- highlight the tests to be done .
5- request must be signed and stamped by the requesting physician .
6- the staff nurse collecting the sample must ensure labeling the sample & fill the request form including time & date .
1- availability of test in the lab .
2- inform the patient about the test procedure and any precaution to be taken .
3- instruct the staff nurse about any precautions to be taken during collection .
Analysis of test forms
2- Differential count
3- RBC morphology
4- Blood parasite
6- Sickle cell test
7-Reticulocyte cell account
1- U/E test ( urea & electrolyte )
2- LFT ( liver function test )
3- RFT or KFT ( renal function test )
4- Lipid profile
5- Cardiac enzyme
6- other tests
1- blood 7- body fluids 13- vaginal swab
2- sputum 8- throat swab 14- abscesses &
3- CSF 9- ear swab wound swab
4- fecal 10- eye swab
5- urine 11- mouth swab
6- semen 12- nose swab
1- review the request and identify the patient by asking the name, seeing his ID and compare it with the request form .
2- Is there any special instruction / preparation needed for the patient. If so advice the patient accordingly
e.g- fasting or after meals and sample collection . container may be given if needed e.g- 24 hour urine collection or sputum collection.
3- Read all the tests and select the tubes/containers as needed for the tests.
4- Arrange the tubes in order of filling.
1- Label all the tubes and specimen bottles as per the guideline.
2- NEVER write the name before extraction and NEVER ask any other person to write for the same.
3- Finish the job before patient leaves the chair .