The Arts in the Age of Revolutions Chapter 24-4 Essential Question: Do artistic periods reflect the time periods in which they happen?
Revolutions in the Arts The Romantic Movement The Ideas of Romanticism •Romanticism—interest in nature; preferring emotion, individuality •Romanticism linked to folk traditions and nationalism Romanticism in Literature •Poetry, music, and painting are the arts best suited to romanticism •Many British romantic poets believe nature is the source of beauty •Germany’s Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is a great early romanticist •A leading French romanticist writer is Victor Hugo Continued . . . NEXT
Romantic Art • Artists rejected the classical ideals that were the trademark of the Enlightenment. • Instead they viewed their art as an outlet for human expression and emotion. Gericault; Raft of Medusa, 1817
SECTION 4 continued The Romantic Movement The Gothic Novel •Gothic horror novels taking place in medieval castles become popular •One of the earliest and most successful is Frankenstein Composers Emphasize Emotion •Composers abandon Enlightenment style of music •Ludwig van Beethoven leads the way from Enlightenment to romanticism • Some composers draw on literature or cultural themes NEXT
The Shift to Realism in the Arts Realism •Realism—art style attempting to depict life accurately •Paintings and novels in this style show the working class Photographers Capture Reality •Daguerreotypes, earliest photographs, are surprisingly real •William Talbot invents negative, allows copies of a photograph Jan Van Eyck Writers Study Society •Charles Dickens and Honoré de Balzac write about society, class •Some realist literature sparks reforms in working conditions NEXT
Realism • Rejected Romantic emphasis on imagination • Tried to represent realities of the time • Subjects included working class men and women Woman in Field; Jean-Francois Millet
Realism Ends • Birth of Photography ends Realist Art • Why depict things as they are when you can do so with a photograph?
Impressionists React Against Realism A New Movement •Impressionism—art style that tries to capture precise points in time Life in the Moment •Impressionists like Claude Monet portray life of rising middle class •Edgar Degas and Pierre-Auguste Renoir also leading impressionists •Impressionist composers use music to create mental pictures NEXT
Impressionists • In response to photography, Impressionist painters abandon realism • Try to give the feel of motion and movement in their art. Claude Monet, The Water-Lily Pond
Claude Monet • Most famous of the Impressionists • Brushed strokes of different colors side by side without mixing • Allowed the eye to mix the colors. Rouen Cathedral, the West Portal and Saint-Romain Tower, Full Sunlight, Harmony in Blue and Gold, 1893
Monet • Painted Roen Cathedral more than 20 times to capture it in different light and times of year. Rouen Cathedral: Full Sunlight1894
Vincent Van Gogh A link between Impressionist and Post-Impressionist • Starry Night
Post Impressionist • Continue Impressionist ideas but going further • Less realism, distortion, geometric shapes, etc • All trying to portray emotion, movement Paul Gauguin, Tahitian Women, 1891 Auguste Rodin, The Thinker
Post Impressionist • Georges Seurat • Dots of color to define shape • La Tour Eiffel