Bureaucracies as regulators
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Bureaucracies as Regulators. Bureaucracies as Regulators. Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life Regulation: use of governmental authority to control or change some practice in the private sector A Full Day of Regulation

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Bureaucracies as regulators1
Bureaucracies as Regulators

  • Regulation in the Economy and in Everyday Life

    • Regulation: use of governmental authority to control or change some practice in the private sector

    • A Full Day of Regulation

      • Federal agencies check, verify, and inspect many of the products and services we take for granted.

      • Federal and state agencies provide many services.


Bureaucracies as regulators2
Bureaucracies as Regulators

  • Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works

    • All regulation contains these elements:

      • A grant of power and set of directions from Congress

      • A set of rules and guidelines by the regulatory agency itself

      • Some means of enforcing compliance with congressional goals and agency regulations


Bureaucracies as regulators3
Bureaucracies as Regulators

  • Regulation: How It Grew, How It Works

    • Command-and-Control Policy: The government tells business how to reach certain goals, checks the progress, and punishes offenders.

    • Incentive System: market-like strategies used to manage public policy

    • Some agencies are proactive; some are reactive.


Bureaucracies as regulators4
Bureaucracies as Regulators

  • Toward Deregulation

    • Deregulation: the lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities

    • Regulatory problems:

      • Raises prices

      • Hurts U.S.’s competitive position abroad

      • Does not always work well

    • But some argue regulation is needed


Understanding bureaucracies
Understanding Bureaucracies

  • Bureaucracy and Democracy

    • Presidents Try to Control the Bureaucracy

      • Appoint the right people

      • Issue executive orders

        • Carry force of law and are used to implement policies

      • Alter an agency’s budget

      • Reorganize an agency

        • Creation of Department of Homeland Security


Understanding bureaucracies1
Understanding Bureaucracies

  • Bureaucracy and Democracy

    • Congress Tries to Control the Bureaucracy

      • Influence appointment of agency heads

        • Senate confirms presidential nominees

      • Alter an agency’s budget

      • Hold oversight hearings

      • Rewrite legislation or make it more detailed


Understanding bureaucracies2
Understanding Bureaucracies

  • Bureaucracy and Democracy

    • Iron Triangles and Issue Networks

      • Iron Triangles: a mutually dependent relationship between bureaucratic agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees

      • Exist independently of each other

      • They are tough, but not impossible, to get rid of

      • Some argue they are being replaced by wider issue networks that focus on more than one policy.



Understanding bureaucracies4
Understanding Bureaucracies

  • Bureaucracy and the Scope of Government

    • The size of federal bureaucracy is an example of a government out of control.

    • Even though the size of the bureaucracy has shrunk

    • Some agencies don’t have enough resources to do what they are expected to do.

    • Bureaucracy only carries out policies; Congress and the president decide what needs to be done.


Summary
Summary

  • Bureaucrats shape policy as administrators, implementers, and regulators.

  • Bureaucracy’s primary responsibility is the implementation of public policy.

  • Federal bureaucracy has not grown but has in fact shrunk of late.