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L-2. Safety
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  1. L-2. Safety

  2. C[T]VM • TF,LDFYL"VM .,[PSFD SZTL JBT[ ZFBJFGL ;FJR[TL lJX[ HF6X[P • TF,LDFYL"VM VFU VG[ ARFJ lJX[ HF6X[P • TF,LDFYL"VM .,[PXMS JBT[ 5|FYlDS ;FZJFZ lJX[ HF6X[P

  3. 5lZRI .,[PSFD SZTL JBT[ ;FJWFGL ZFBJL HM.V[P .,[P XMS NZ[S jIlSTG[ ,FUL XS[ K[PXMS ,FU[, jIlSTG[ 5|FYlDS ;FZJFZ VF5JL HM.V[P

  4. ;]Z1FF DF8[ ;FJR[TL !P.,[PXMS SFD SZTL JBT[ NZ[S jIlSTG[ ,FUL XS[ K[PC\D[XF ;FJWFG ZCMP ZPÒJTF S\0S8Z(LIVE CONDUCTOR) G[ C\D[XF l:JR §FZF lGI\l+T SZJM HM.V[P #P;FZF .g:I],[XGJF/F JFIZ VG[ ;FWGGM p5IMU SZJM HM.V[P $P.,[PJFIZL\UDF\ NZ[S WFT]GF SJZG[ VY¶ SZJF HM.V[P 5P.,[S8=M,F.8 AGFJTL ABT[ V[;L0DF\ 5F6L Z[0J]\ HM.V[ GCL\4C\D[XF 5F6LDF\ V[;L0 8L5[ 8L5[ Z[0JM HM.V[P &PVFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ SM.56 ÒJLT JFCS VYJF lJn]T p5SZ6 5Z 5F6L Z[0J]\ HM.V[ GlCP

  5. ;,FDTL s Safety f o SM.56 SFD SZTF 5C[,F VS:DFT G YFI T[ DF8[GL ;FJR[TL ZFBJL T[G[ ;,FDTL SC[ K[P

  6. ;,FDTLGF 5|SFZ s Types of Safety f • jIlSTUT ;,FDTL s Personal Safety f • DXLGZLGL ;,FDTL s Machine Safety f • JS"XM5GL ;,FDTL s Work shop Safety f

  7. JS"XM5DF\ SFD SZTL JBT[ AM.,Z ;]84 ;[O8L ;]h4 C[g0 u,Mjh4 ;[O8L UMU<; lJU[Z[ 5C[ZJF HM.V[P VFE]QF6M H[JFS[ 30LIF/4JL\8L4 R[.G4 8F. lJU[Z[ 5C[ZJF GCLP DFYFGF JF/4 CFY 5UGF GB ,F\AF ZFBJF GCLP lAG H~ZL DXLGZLGL K[0KF0 SZJL GCLP SFDGL ;\5}6" DFCLTL lJGF SFD SZJ] GCLP jIlSTUT ;,FDTL s Personal Safety f v ;[O8L ;]h ;[O8L UMU<;

  8. DXLGZLGL ;,FDTL s Machine Safety f v • SFDDF\ ,[JFGL DXLGZL BFDL ZCLT CMJL HM.V[P • A[ DXLGZL JrR[ SFD SZJFGL 5}ZTL HuIF CMJL HM.V[P • DXLGZLGF JFIZL\U SG[SXGM SNL VM5G S[ ,]h G CMJF HM.V[P • DXLGZLG]\ OFpg0[XG H~ZLIFT D]HA CMJ] HM.V[P • DXLGZLGF UlT SZTF EFUM ;[O8L UF0"YL -\SFI[,F CMJF HM.V[P

  9. JS"XM5GL ;,FDTLs Work shop Safety f v • JS"XM5 CJF pHF;JF/] T[DH H~ZL HuIF D]HAG]\ CMJ] HM.V[P • JS"XM5GF 5|J[X wJFZ DM8F CMJF HM.V[ VG[ J[g8L,[XG CMJ] HM.V[ • JS"XM5DF\ DXLGZLGL UM9J6L 5wWlT;Z CMJL HM.V[P • JS"XM5DF\ U|L;4VM., H[JF 5NFYM" -M/FI tIFZ[ 3]/ v DF8L S[ ,FS0FGM JC[Z GFBL AZFAZ ;FO SZJ]P • JS"XM5DF\ U[\U J[ ;FO CMJM HM.V[P • HJ,GXL, 5NFYM"GL :8MZ[H4 A[8ZL RFHL"U jIJ:YFGL V,U CMJL HM.V[P

  10. ;,FDTLGF lGIDM s Rules of Safety f • RF,] sSFI"ZTf V[gHLGGF CF.8[gXG JFIZG[ V0SJ] GCLP • V[gHLG q JFCG RF,] CMI tIFZ[ VFSl:DS VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ A[8ZLGM 5Mh[8LJ S[A, JFIZ K]8M SZJMP • JFCG H[S V5 SZTF CMI tIFZ[ jCL,GL VFU/ 5FK/ J]0G ;5M8" ZFBJFP • JFCGG[ ;DT, HuIFV[ pE] SZJ]P • H[SqCM;L"; AZFAZ 8[SJFI[, K[S[ S[D T[GL BF+L SZL tIFZAFN H SFD X~ SZJ]P • JFCGG[ -F/DF\ pE] ZFBJFG]\ CMI tIFZ[ C[g0 A|[SGM p5IMU SZJMP

  11. ;,FDTLGF lGIDM s Rules of Safety f • JFCG ACFZ ,. HFJ tIFZ[ A|[S4 CMG"4 ,F.8M lJU[Z[ C\D[XF T5FXMP • JFCG SFZ CM.:8 p5Z CMI tIFZ[ V[gHLG RF,] SZJ] GCLP • VtI\T HJ,GXL, 5NFYM"GL :8MZ[H T[DH A[8ZL RFHL"U jIJ:YFGL V,U SZJL • VtI\T HJ,GXL, 5NFYM"GF 8[gSGF -F\S6 V[Z 8F.8 OL8 ZFBJFP • EFZ[ JHGNFZ EFUM H[S J0[ p\RSJF HM.V[P • VluGXFDS p5SZ6M CFY JUF T[DH RF,] CF,TDF\ ZFBMP

  12. .,[PVFU VG[ ARFJ • VFUov T[ lS|IF H[DF\ pQDF lR\UFZL sHIMTfGF\ ~5DF\ pt5gG YFI K[ T[G[ VFU SC[ K[P.,[S8=LSGF SFZ6YL ,FUTL VFUG[ .,[PVFU SC[ K[P • .,[PVFUG]\ SFZ6 • !PXM8¶ ;SL"8 ZPVMJZ ,M0L\U • #P-L,F SG[SXG • $PBM8F SG[SXG • 5PJM<8[H AZFAZ GF CMJFP

  13. VFUYL ARFJ v.,[P;SL"8GM ;%,FI A\W SZMP v.,[PVFUDF\ 5F6L Z[0J] GlC v.,[PVFU A]hFJJF DF8[ C[,MG VluGXFDS 45|JFCL SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 VluGXFDS VG[ 0=FI ZF;FI6LS 5FJ0Z VluGXFDSGM p5IMU SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P vVFUG[ A]hFJJF DF8 BF; 8[SGLS VG[ VluGXFDSGM p5IMU SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P

  14. VFUGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire f • V[ 5|SFZGL VFU v • AL 5|SFZGL VFU v • ;L 5|SFZGL VFU v • 0L 5|SFZGL VFU v • . 5|SFZGL VFU v

  15. VFUGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire f • V[ 5|SFZGL VFU v • 3F;4 SFU/4 ,FS0F4 SM,;F4 SF50 lJU[Z[ H[JF 3G 5NFYM"DF\ ,FUTL VFU • VFJF 5|SFZGL VFU A]hFJJF DF8[ 5F6L pTD K[P • VF p5ZF\T SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI]GM p5IMU YFI K[P

  16. VFUGF 5|SFZ sTypes of Firef • AL 5|SFZGL VFU v • T{,L 5NFYM" H[JFS[ 5[8=M,4 0Lh,4 S[ZM;LG4 VM.,DF\ ,FUTL VFU • T[G[ A]hFJJF 5F6LGM p5IMU YTM GYL SFZ6S[ 5F6LG[ ,L3[ VFJF T{,L 5NFYM" J3] lJ:TFZDF\ 5|;Z[ K[ VG[ VFU J3] O[,FI K[P • VF VFU A]HFJJF OL6 VluGXFDSGMp5IMU YFI K[P • VF p5ZF\T SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI]4 DF8L4 Z[TL4 a,[gS[84 S\TFGGF SMY/F lJU[Z[GM p5IMU 56 SZL XSFI K[P

  17. VFUGF 5|SFZ sTypes of Firef • ;L 5|SFZGL VFU v • ;/UL p9[ T[JF JFI]VMDF\ ,FUTL VFU • T[G[ A]hFJJF SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI] q ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0ZGM p5IMU YFI K[P

  18. VFUGF 5|SFZ sTypes of Firef • 0L 5|SFZGL VFU v • ;/UL p9[ T[JL 3FT]VMDF\ ,FUTL VFU • T[G[ A]hFJJF SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI] q ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0ZGM p5IMU YFI K[P

  19. VFUGF 5|SFZ sTypes of Firef • . 5|SFZGL VFU v • lJ3]T XM8" ;ZSL8G[ ,L3[ ,FUTL VFU • T[G[ A]hFJJF 5F6L S[ OL6GM p5IMU YTM GYL SFZ6 S[ VFJF 5NFYM" lJ3]TGF ;]JFCS CMJFYL VFU A]hFJGFZG[ VF\RSF ,FUJFGL XSITF ZC[ K[P • T[G[ A]hFJJF SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI] q ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0ZGM p5IMU YFI K[P

  20. OFIZ ;[O8L .SJL5D[g8 s Fire Safety Equipment f v • OFIZ AS[8 o v • T[DF\ 5F6L VG[ Z[TL EZL ZFBJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P • VluGXFDS o v • VFUGF 5|SFZ D]HA VluGXFDS ZFBJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P • OFIZ ;[O8L .SJL5D[g8 4 p5IMU DF8[ T{IFZ VG[ CFYJUF HFC[ZDF\ ZFBJFP • OFIZ ;[O8L .SJL5D[g8 VM5Z[8 SZTF NZ[SG[ VFJ0J] HM.V[P

  21. 3F;4 SFU/4 ,FS0F4 SM,;F4 SF50 lJU[Z[ H[JF 3G 5NFYM"DF\ sV[ 5|SFZf VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ ;M0F V[;L0 VluG XFDSGM p5IMU SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P VF 5|SFZGF VluGXFDS A[ 5|SFZGF CMI K[P pEL l:YlTDF\ ZFBL VYJF p\3] ZFBL T[GF 5|SFZ D]HA p5IMU SZL XSFI K[P VluGXFDSGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire Extinguisher f v • ;M0F v V[;L0 VluGXFDSSoda Acid Type Fire Extinguisher

  22. VluGXFDSGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire Extinguisher f v • ;M0F v V[;L0 VluGXFDSSoda Acid Type Fire Extinguisher • T[DF\ ;M0F AFI SFAM"G[8 VG[ SFRGL AM8,DF\ V[;L0 EZ[, CMI K[P • N8FG[ HDLG p5Z 5KF0JFYL4 SFRGL AM8, T]8L H. V[;L04 ;M0F AFI SFAM"G[8DF\ lD`F| Y. ZF;FIl6S 5|lS|IF SZ[ K[P • GMh,DF\YL SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI] O]JFZF :J~5[ ACFZ VFJ[ K[P • H[ VFU p5Z KF\8JFYL VFUG[ SFA]DF\ ,. XSFI K[P

  23. VluGXFDSGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire Extinguisher f v • OL6 VluGXFDSs Fin Type Fire Extinguisherf v • T{,L 5NFYM" H[JFS[ 5[8=M,4 0Lh,4 S[ZM;LG4VM., H[JF 5NFYM"DF\ VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ A]hFJJF DF8[ OL6 VluGXFDSGM p5IMU YFI K[P • VluGXFDS C,FJJFYL ZF;FIl6S N=FJ6 lD`F| Y. O]JFZF :J~5[ ACFZ VFJ[ K[ • H[G[ ;/UTF 5|JFCL p5Z KM0JFDF\ VFJTF VFU A]hFI K[P

  24. VluGXFDSGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire Extinguisher f v • SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 VluGXFDS[ Carbon Dioxide Fire Extinguisher ] • ;/UL p9[ T[JL 3FT]VMDF\ s0L 5|SFZf GL VFU A]hFJJF p5IMU YFI K[P • A\l3IFZ HuIFDF\ VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ VF VluGXFDSGM p5IMU J3] YFI K[P

  25. VluGXFDSGF 5|SFZ s Types of Fire Extinguisher f v • SMZF ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0ZJF/] VluGXFDS • T{,L 5NFYM"4 JFI]VM T[DH lJ3]T XF[8" ;ZSL8GL VFU A]hFJJF p5IMU YFI K[P • T[DF\\ S,L5 B[\RL N8M NAFJL SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI]G[ ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0Z TZO DMS,JFDF\ VFJ[ K[P • SFA"G 0FIMS;F.0 JFI] ZF;FIl6S 5FJ0ZG[ 3]DF0F :J~5[ ACFZ SF-[ K[P H[ VFU p5Z KM0TF VFUG[ SFA]DF\ ,FJL XSFI K[P

  26. VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ wIFDF\ ZFBJFGF D]NNF • VFU ,FU[ tIFZ[ VFU DF8[GL DM8[YL A]D 5F0JLP • SFZBFGFDF\GF prR Vl3SFZLVMG[ TYF OFIZlA|U[0G[ TFtSF,LS HF6 SZJLP VFUG]\ SFZ6 HF6J]P • lJH/GL D[.G :JLR A\3 SZJLP • HM lJH/L A\3 G YFITM lJH/LGF TFZ p5Z 5F6L O[\SJ] GCLP • VFUDF\ 3[ZF. UIF CMI TM HDLG p5Z pEF ZC[J] GCL 5Z\T] ;]. HJ]P

  27. >,[PXMS JBT[ 5|FYlDS ;FZJFZ • 5|YD lJlW sX[O0" D[Y0f v XMS ,FU[, jISlTG[ HDLG 5Z é\WM ;]JF0MP vT[GF CFY VFU/GL TZO ,. HFVMP l

  28. v NZNLGL AFH]DF\ A[;L SM6LYL CFY ;LWF ZFBL NZNLGL K[<,L 5F\;/L p5Z CFY J0[ A[ ;[Sg0 NAF6 VF5MP vNAF6 VF5JFYL NZNLGF O[O;FDF\ ZC[, CJF ACFZ GLS/X[P vNAF6 WLD[ WLD[ VMK]\ SZM H[YL O[O;F O},X[PVG[ ACFZGL TFÒCJF O[O;FDF\ HX[P

  29. ALÒ lJlWs;L<J[:8Z D[Y0f vVF lJlWDF\ NZNLG[ RÀTM ;]JF0JFDF\ VFJ[ K[P vBEF GLR[ VMXLS] ZFBJ] HM.V[P vNZNLGF DFYF VFU/ 8L VFSFZDF\ 3]\86JF/LG[ A[;J]\P v NZNLGF CFYG[ SF\0FYL 5S0M VG[ CFYG[ DFYFGL AFH] ,. HFVMP vRMbBL CJF O[O;FDF\ HX[P

  30. vNZNLGF CFY KFTLGL AgG[ AFH] ,FJM VG[ GLR[GL TZO SM6LYLJF/M vO[O;FGL CJF ACFZ GLS/X[P vA[ ;[Sg0 5KL VF lJlW OZLYL SZMP vVF lS|IF V[S lDlG8DF\ AFZ YL 5\NZ JBT YJL HM.V[P

  31. +LÒ lJlWsVF8L"OL;LI, Z[:5LZ[8Z D[Y0f vS'l+D `JF;GL VF lJlW DF8 [VF8L"OL;LI, Z[:5LZ[8ZGM p5IMU SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P v DF:SG[ NNL"GF DM VG[ GFS 5Z ,UFJJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P v ZaAZ A<AG[ V[S lDlG8DF\ AFZ YL 5\NZ JFZ NAFJJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P

  32. 5|`GMo !P >,[P SFD SZTL JBT[ ZFBJFGL ;FJR[TL H6FJMP ZP >,[P VFUGF SFZ6 H6FJMP #P >,[P VFU VM,JJF DF8[ SIF VluGXFDSGM p5IMU YFI K[P $P S'l+D `JF;GL ZLTM H6FJMP

  33. p5;\CFZ TF,LDFYL"VF[V[ >,[P SFD SZTL JBT[ ZFBJFGL ;FJR[TL4 >,[P VFU VG[ ARFJ4VlUGXFDS VG[ >,[P XMS JBT[ 5|FYlDS ;FZJFZ lJX[ DFlCTL D[/JLP