Psychological Therapies. Therapy. There are over 250 identifiable types of psychotherapy, though the most influential are: Psychoanalysis Therapies Humanistic Therapies Behavior Therapies Cognitive Therapies Group and Family Therapies
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Psychoanalysis though the most influential are:
Psychoanalysis assumes that many psychological problems are fueled by the childhood repression of impulses and conflicts. These unresolved issues impact our future behaviors and social relationships.
It is the job of a psychoanalyst to bring the repressed feelings into conscious awareness and gain insight as to the real source of a patient’s problem in order to resolve the conflict and bring to closure its accompanying behaviors.
Humanistic Therapies feelings into conscious awareness and gain insight as to the real source of a patient’s problem in order to resolve the conflict and bring to closure its accompanying behaviors.
Disorders arise when people feel like they’ve underachieved, when they perceive themselves as less than ideal, or when they haven’t reached their fullest potential. (Self-Actualization)
A therapist needs to recognize where the barriers to reaching self-actualization are (is it a safety issue? an esteem issue?), and help the client improve in this area in order to reach their potential. The symptoms of the disorder should fade as a person improves.
Patients need to be reminded that they are capable of controlling their own destiny
There are four parts to this approach, with the ultimate goal of allowing a client to become more self-assured and on a path towards self-actualization.
Sensitive understanding and sharing of another person’s inner experiences. Open-ended questions to explore feelings and express emotions.
Active-listening involves a therapists technique of listening intently, echoing, restarting and seeking clarification, and acknowledgement of a clients expressed verbal and non-verbal emotions
Cognitive Therapies often, or didn’t take the job seriously.
Cognitive therapy assumes that often, or didn’t take the job seriously.faulty thought processes and beliefs create problem behaviors and emotions. When people hold beliefs that are irrational, that are overly demanding, or that fail to match reality, their emotions and behaviors may become disturbed.
Cognitive therapy involves learning skills that allow you to see the connection between thoughts and upsetting feelings, to appraise the accuracy of these thoughts that are creating upsetting feelings, and if they are inaccurate, to make them more accurate. A therapist wants to change the thought processes of patients from negative to positive to alleviate disorder symptoms.
Low Exam Grade
I’m so unintelligent. I’ll never graduate college
(this reinforces your feelings of being unintelligent as well, which makes you further depressed)
It’s only one grade amongst many. I can do better on the next test and still pass.
Behavior Therapies patterns and dysfunctional behaviors, the feelings of depression may, over time, be relieved. The client may then become more active, succeed and respond more adaptively more often, and further reduce or cope with his negative feelings.
A patient creates a list of anxiety provoking images associated with the feared situation, arranged in a hierarchy from least to most anxiety producing.
• Boarding the plane
• Moving around the cabin
Systematic Desensitization patterns and dysfunctional behaviors, the feelings of depression may, over time, be relieved. The client may then become more active, succeed and respond more adaptively more often, and further reduce or cope with his negative feelings. is also known as exposure therapy. A therapist is attempting to graduallysubstitute a positive response for a negative response to a harmless stimulus.
Floods patients with their worst fears first, in hopes that by confronting their worst fears, they’ll learn how to not back down
In aversive conditioning, a therapist tries to replace a positive response to a harmful stimulus with a negative response.
A token economy is one in which a therapist rewards patients for displaying appropriate behaviors by giving them a token, such as a ticket or a plastic coin, that they can later exchange for prizes or gifts.