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The Ovaries. And the Corresponding Hormones and Gland By: Caitlin Beamer, Katie Waito , and Heather Campbell. Behind the Bladder Near the Colon On sides of the uterus On the Fallopian Tubes Has anchors. Location of Gland. www.pennstatehershey.org. Hormones Produced. 2 Steroid Hormones

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the ovaries

The Ovaries

And the Corresponding Hormones and Gland

By: Caitlin Beamer, Katie Waito, and Heather Campbell

location of gland
Behind the Bladder

Near the Colon

On sides of the uterus

On the Fallopian Tubes

Has anchors

Location of Gland

www.pennstatehershey.org

hormones produced
Hormones Produced

2 Steroid Hormones

  • Estrogen
  • Produced in the ovaries, liver, adrenal glands, and breasts
  • Progesterone
  • Produced in the brain, ovaries, and in pregnant woman’s uteruses
  • Found in milk
target cells
Target Cells

Target Cells- are cells that alter their genetic material in reaction to a hormone that binds to the cell’s protein receptors.

Estrogen: Uterine cells, Lipid cells, Breast cancer cells

Progesterone: Myometrium cells, PR-A, and PR-B cells

effects of the hormones
Effects of the Hormones

EstrogenDominance – is when there is an imbalance of progesterone and estrogen, either high levels of estrogen or low levels of progesterone.

Progesterone counter balances estrogen.

  • Some effects of EstrogenDominance
  • Headaches and anxiety
  • Poor sleep patterns
  • Impairs blood sugar control, at risk of blood clots
  • Reduces oxygen levels in cells
  • Increases risk of breast and prostate cancer
effect of the hormones cont d
Effect of the Hormones Cont’d
  • Some effects of Normal levels of Estrogen
  • Enlarges breasts and hips
  • Decreases growth rate
  • Increases metabolic rate
  • Thickens the uterine lining
  • Stimulates the endometrium
  • Lubricates the vagina
  • Skin and bone health
  • Some effects of Lower levels of Estrogen
  • Relieves hot flashes
  • Improves memory
  • Improves sleeping disorders
effect of the hormones cont d1
Effect of the Hormones Cont’d
  • Some effects of Excess Progesterone Levels
  • Over Tired
  • Depression
  • Digestive Problems
  • Some effects of Normal Progesterone Levels
  • Improves voice tone
  • Stimulates new bone production
  • Restores proper oxygen levels in cells
  • Decreases risk for cancer
  • Some effects of Lower Progesterone Levels
  • Increase of heart, gall bladder, and autoimmune diseases
  • Increases risk of certain cancers
triggers controls
Triggers/ Controls
  • Estrogen is stimulated by the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • FSH is controlled by another hormone called gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH)
  • Progesterone is stimulated by the luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • LH is also stimulated by GnRH
  • Hypothalamus ---> GnRH --->Pituitary --->FSH---> Folicle ---> Estrogen
  • Hypothalamus ---> GnRH ---> Pituitary ---> LH---> Corpus luteum ---> Progesterone
triggers controls cont d
Triggers/ Controls Cont’d

http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/S/SexHormones.html#Regulation

complications
Complications
  • Extreme Lack of Estrogen
  • Lack of periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Thinning, wrinkling and general aging of skin
  • Libido, vaginal dryness
  • Mood swings
  • Osteoporosis
  • More likely for heart disease
complications cont d
Complications Cont’d

Extreme Lack of Progesterone

  • Anxiety/ depression
  • Malfunctioning thyroid gland
  • Increased risk of uterine cancer
works cited
Works Cited

Definition: Ovaries. (n.d.). Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.sharedjourney.com/define/ova.html

Ellis-Christensen, T. (2009, June 7). What are Some Low Progesterone Symptoms?. Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-some-low-progesterone-symptoms.htm

Estrogen Target Cells. (n.d.). Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://sciencedirect.com

Estrogen or Progesterone. (n.d.). Retrieved June 5, 2009, from http://biomedx.com/bones/page10.html

Hormones of the Reproductive System. (2007, June 23). Retrieved June 7, 2009, from http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/S/SexHormones.html#Regulation

Hormones. (n.d.). Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.daisynetwork.org.uk/hormones.html

Howlett, D. T. (n.d.). Hormone Replacement Therapy . Retrieved June 7, 2009, from www.lnrmed.org.uk/Endocrinology/Endo_PDF/HRT%20Information%20Sheet.pdf

Lee, J. R., Zava, D., & Hopkins., V. (n.d.). Effects of Progesterone & Estrogen. Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.johnleemd.com/store/premenstrual_syndrome.html

Ovaries And Testes.. (n.d.). Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.herbs2000.com/h_menu/gl_ovaries_testes.htm

Parker, M. (n.d.). Complications of Ovarian Cysts Can Be Dangerous. Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/complications-of-ovarian-cysts-can-be-dangerous.html

Pieber, D., Allport, V., Hills, F., Johnson, M., & Bennett, P. (n.d.). Interactions between progesterone receptor isoform...[Mol Hum Reprod. 2001] - PubMed Result . Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

Progesterone. (2002, February 20). Retrieved June 8, 2009, from http://www.healthywomen.org/healthtopics/progesterone

system, Â. s., &  glands, t. (n.d.). endo.gl. Retrieved June 5, 2009, from http://library.thinkquest.org/26164/END.GLA.html