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  1. American Enlightenment 1750-1800 The Declaration of Independence John Trumbull, 1818

  2. Benjamin Franklin One today is worth two tomorrows. He that composes himself is wiser than he who composes books. Fish and visitors smell in three days. Glass, china, and reputation are easily cracked and never well mended. A small leak will sink a great ship. source Aphorisms from Poor Richard’s Almanac

  3. Big Ideas of the American Enlightenment Rationalism Science Deism God as Clockmaker Self-Improvement Community Service Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello

  4. Truth comes from reason • not from authority of the past • not from religion • not from emotion or intuition • God created the universe • but does not interfere • God’s rules of the universe can be discovered, • but only through reason image source Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) God as Clockmakerwho created the perfect mechanism of the universe and left it to run. Logic and reason are God’s gift to help us understand the universe. Rationalism source

  5. Universe is orderly and good • Humanity is good • Individual is perfectiblethrough reason • God’s objective is happinessof creation (all creatures) • Sought principles that united all religions • God is available to all people all of the time • Best form of worship is to help others source Deism Elements of Literature 13-18

  6. Toward Perfection • Self-evident truths • Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness • All men are created equal Self-Improvement: for a nation and for individuals

  7. Enlightenment Art The Treaty of Penn with the Indians (1771-72) Benjamin West

  8. Temperance • Silence • Order • Resolution • Frugality • Industry • Sincerity • Justice • Moderation • Cleanliness • Tranquility • Chastity • Humility Achieving Moral Perfectionfrom The Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin See handout