El presente perfecto. ¿Qué es el presente perfecto?. The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle. Por ejemplo…. For example: I have played tennis. She has sung at weddings. We have flown in a plane. Para formar in inglés.
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The present perfect is formed by combining a helping verb (“have” or “has”) with the past participle
I have danced.
We haven’t studied for the test.
How to form the past participle:
Example: comprar → comprado
Example: tener → tenido
Here are the present perfect forms of estudiar:
As you can see I have combined the present forms of haber (the helping verbs)
…with the past participle of estudiar
On a sheet of paper, see if you can figure out the present perfect forms for the verb hablar:
Now see if you can form the present perfect forms of the verb tomar:
See if you can come up with the present perfect forms for comer:
Let’s try another one…see if you can come up with the present perfect tense of ir:
Is this what you came up with? present perfect tense of
Many of you may have assumed that present perfect tense of ir had an irregular past participle. Afterall, it does have an irregular present participle. But ir is actually regular in this tense. Here are some verbs that are irregular in the past participle:
-er and –ir verbs whose stems end in a vowel have past participles ending in –ído
caer → caído creer → creído
leer → leído oír → oído
reír → reído traer → traído
The following verbs have irregular past participles ending in –to:
abrir → abierto cubrir → cubierto
descubrir → descubierto escribir → escrito
morir → muerto poner → puesto
romper → roto ver → visto
volver → vuelto
These verbs have irregular past participles ending in –cho:
decir → dicho
hacer → hecho
See if you can form the correct present perfect using the subject and verb given.
Modelo: yo / decidir → He decidido
1. ella / abrir
2. Marta y yo / tocar
3. Gonzalo / crecer
4. Tú y tus amigos / reír present perfect tense of
Han reído ó habéis reído
5. Mis padres / hacer
6. Tus abuelos / cubrir
7. Rogelio y Ramón / escribir