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Education in ancient WORLD : Greek Contributions to Education. By Janice B. Tehie. describe the geography of ancient Greece and the educational system of each city-state Describe the contributions of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle to taday’s educational system

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describe the geography of ancient Greece and the educational system of each city-state

  • Describe the contributions of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle to taday’s educational system
  • List the similarities and differences between the educational system in ancient Greek and today
history and government of ancient greek
History and government of Ancient Greek
  • Two particular periods: the Archaic ( between 750 B.C and 500 B.C )

the classic ( between about 500 B.C and 336 B.C)

  • During Archaic period: city- states were settled by tribes
  • There were 20 city-states
  • Highly agriculture , fishing or urban city-states
  • Important ones: Boetia: central city of Thebes

Attica: capital city of Athens

Laconia: central city of Sparta

  • City states functioned individually with their own authority, but with strategic alliances defined among them
  • City-states were run as democracies
ancient greece educational system
Ancient Greece Educational system
  • Education considered necessary for participation in Greek culture
  • No centralized educational system
  • Shaped by the geographic location and culture of each city-state
  • What is necessary for our citizens to learn to be good citizens?
  • Education of individuals: social status and city-state of residence
  • Two forms of education: formal and informal
  • Focused heavily on training the entire person: education of mind, body and imagination
athenian s educational system
Athenian’s educational system
  • Ruling classes should be educated
  • Greatly influenced by the works of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle
  • Was only for boys, women trained for household management
  • Trained in gymnastic
  • Studied sculpture, architecture, music, drama, poetry, philosophy and science
athenian s educational system1
Athenian’s educational system
  • ELEMENTRY:
  • started at the age of 7
  • Taught to read, write, count and draw
  • Taught letters and syllabus followed by words and sentences
  • Use a stylus and the wax tablet
  • Students were given poetry to memorize and recite after being ready to read
  • Elementery teachers did not command much respect
  • Available even for the poor
  • Schools varied according to: the work was assigned_ teacher’s qualification and abilities_ the fees charged
athenian s educational system2
Athenian’s educational system
  • GYMNASIUM:
  • Boys began physical education during or after beginning elementry education
  • Improving one’s appearance, preparation for wars and good health at an old age
athenian s educational system3
Athenian’s educational system
  • SECONDRY:
  • After turning 14
  • Boys from wealthy family
  • By permanent or travelling teacher
  • Taught natural sciences, rhetoric, geometry, mathematics, sophistry, astronomy, metrology
athenian s educational system4
Athenian’s educational system
  • POST-SECONDRY:
  • Instruction in philosophy
  • Not having a formal system
  • Schools of philosophy which were operated by Plato, Socrates and Aristotle
  • With students interested in the subject
spartan educational system
SPARTAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
  • Focused more on military training : develop courage and endurance, learn military music and drill, taught to fight-wrestle-box
  • First stage, second stage and Ephebe (third stage)

First stage:

  • Started at 7 and boys were sent to live in barracks
  • Get skilled for the war
  • Academic learning kept to minimum
  • Spartan boy’s life was devoted almost entirely to his school
  • Received instruction from an adult male citizens
  • Receive little food and minimal clothing, physical training and punishment
spartan educational system1
SPARTAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

Second stage:

  • At the age of 12
  • Harsher punishment and training
  • Fighting within the unit
  • Performing mock battles
  • Expected to hunt down and kill a Helot

Third stage:

  • Pledge strict and complete allegiance to Sparta
  • Join organization to compete in hunting and planned battles using real weapon
spartan educational system2
SPARTAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

Education of Spartan women

  • Training in domestic arts and gymnastic
  • Taught to read and write by their mothers and nurse
  • Taught to sing, dance and play instruments
  • Also learned to run, wrestle, throw a discus and javelins
educational contributions of socrates plato and aristotle
Educational contributions of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
  • Socrates :
  • Skeptical by nature and instruct the art of debating
  • Founder of present methods of philosophy and teaching as well as present theory of knowledge
  • Believe in the existence of knowledge and ignorance in both teachers and students
  • Educate about morals
  • Define the good life
  • Develop self-knowledge
  • Think critically
plato
plato
  • Founded an academy in Athen
  • Run the academy like monastery
  • Music, literature, history, law, philosophy and geometry were taught
  • Education should be for all, including young children
  • Do not use corporal punishment
  • Educate women if they are mentally and physically capable
  • Use dialogues to help students to discover knowledge on their own
plato1
plato
  • Introduce the philosophy of idealism
  • Education must lead to the highest order of knowledge about reality
  • Train the mind with a curriculum of concepts
  • Draw out students’ abilities, prepare for his or her role in life
  • Provide role models to imitate
  • Mentioned physical training
  • Education help people to understand what is good and create a just society
  • Believed the quality of life depend on the education each person receives
aristotle
Aristotle
  • Had a great interest in science and scientific investigations
  • His work was highly influential in the middle ages
  • Establish Lyceum
  • Pay attention to previous research
  • Scientific studies require proof
  • Study of politics
  • Education about citizenship
  • Women lack intellectual ability to learn
liberal arts education
Liberal arts education
  • The foundation lies in a course of study that combines both breadth and depth
  • Refers to college studies that provide general knowledge and develop intellectual ability
  • Goals:
  • Prepare students to work in a variety of jobs
  • Degree is appealing to employers
  • Provides an excellent foundation for graduate study in healthcare, law, business,…
  • Creates graduates who are equipped with the skills to become valuable community member
  • subjects of studies: philosophy, literature, architecture, sculpture, art, science, social science and mathematics
liberal arts education1
Liberal arts education
  • 59 liberal arts colleges: Bryn Mawer and Hoveford colleges (suburb of west Philadelphia) _ Mount Holyoke and William and Wellesley colleges ( Massachusetts)
  • Hundred years ago: 70% students, now drop to 5% ( Richard Hesh)
  • Critical attributes: problem-solving, critical thinking, writing and speaking skills
  • An effective teacher needs preparation in liberal arts education
  • For the improvement of teacher education program, liberal arts faculty should be included in planning the program
  • Liberal arts faculty should teach courses in disciplines