The a merican revolution
1 / 23

The A merican Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The A merican Revolution. The Road to War. Important Vocabulary. Blockade- to use warships to prevent other ships from entering or leaving a harbor Earthworks- a wall made of dirt or stone used for protection during a battle Intolerable- unacceptable; unbearable; so bad you can’t stand it

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The A merican Revolution' - xuxa

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The a merican revolution

The American Revolution

The Road to War

Important vocabulary
Important Vocabulary

  • Blockade- to use warships to prevent other ships from entering or leaving a harbor

  • Earthworks- a wall made of dirt or stone used for protection during a battle

  • Intolerable- unacceptable; unbearable; so bad you can’t stand it

  • Mercenary- a soldier who fights in a war for a foreign nation in return for money

  • Minutemen- Patriot soldiers who could be ready to fight in a minute’s notice

  • Monopoly- the complete control of product or service

  • Olive branch- an ancient symbol of peace

  • Petition- a signed request made to an official person or organization

  • Quarter- to provide or pay for housing at no cost to another person

The trouble with tea
The Trouble with Tea

  • In 1770, Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts EXCEPT for the tea tax.

  • Parliament then gave a tea monopoly to the East India Company

    • East India Company was Britain’s chief tea producer

    • Britain allowed East India Company to charge less for their tea than any of the colonial tea merchants

    • This was BAD news for the colonists because all of their customers bought from the East India Company and they were put out of business

    • This caused some colonists to boycott tea

Boycott tea patriots
Boycott Tea, Patriots!

  • In Pennsylvania, colonists didn’t allow British ships carrying tea to enter their ports

  • In Massachusetts, colonists didn’t want tea ships to dock either

    • Governor Thomas Hutchinson allowed them to

The sons of liberty
The Sons of Liberty

  • A group of Patriots who wanted the colonies to be free from England and King George III

  • Included:

    • John Adams

    • Samuel Adams

    • John Hancock

    • Benedict Arnold

    • Paul Revere

    • Joseph Warren

    • Patrick Henry

The sons of liberty have a plan
The Sons of Liberty have a Plan!

  • Like the Patriots who gathered in the Stamp Act Congress, the Patriots know they must ACT against the tea tax and monopoly inflicted on them by the British

  • During one of their secret meetings, they decide to make a statement to the British Parliament

    • This is not a written declaration like John Dickinson suggested at the Stamp Act Congress

    • This was more violent and much more famous!

The boston tea party
The Boston Tea Party

  • The night of December 16, 1773, the Boston Tea Party happened

  • The Sons of Liberty planned to get rid of the British tea

  • They hired local Patriot men, in a lower social and economic standing than them to

    • Dress up as Mohawk Indians

    • Board a British tea ship

    • Break open 342 chests of tea

    • Dump the tea into the harbor

Coercive acts intolerable acts
Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts

  • British Parliament was furious over the Patriot’s actions

  • They imposed the Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, a new series of laws punishing the colonists

  • The colonists called them intolerable because they were so bad the colonists couldn’t stand it!

Boston port bill
Boston Port Bill

  • Passed in 1774

  • Closed the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the destroyed tea (it was worth approximately $1 million in today’s money)

  • The British navy blockaded the harbor with their warships to keep any ships from entering or leaving

Massachusetts government act
Massachusetts Government Act

  • Passed in 1774

  • Banned the Massachusetts government from making laws

  • Banned town meetings not approved or authorized by the governor

Quartering act
Quartering Act

  • Required the colonists to quarter the British soldiers

  • This meant they had to:

    • Feed

    • Provide shelter

Colonists are sick and tired of the british
Colonists are sick and tired of the British!

  • The colonists hate the Intolerable Acts

  • They are starting to get worried that the British will do anything (and everything) to get them to obey

  • The colonists know they need a plan for how to respond to the British

  • So, they meet again

First continental congress
First Continental Congress

  • September 1774 at Philadelphia’s Carpenters’ Hall

  • 56 delegates had different ideas:

    • Some wanted to break away from Britain

    • Some wanted to find a way to get along better with Britain

    • Some wanted to make a compromise between these ideas

  • Congress agreed to compromise

    • They wrote a petition of their rights

    • Said that only the colonial government could make laws on taxes that the colonists would pay

    • Gave Parliament a deadline of May 10, 1775 to respond or the colonists would meet again

    • They agreed to stop trade with Britain in the meantime

  • Patrick Henry suggested everyone prepare for war and said: “I know not what course others may take: but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”

Lexington and concord
Lexington and Concord

  • In Massachusetts, colonists formed special militia units made of soldiers called “Minutemen”

  • In April 1775, General Thomas Gage (British general) heard:

    • That Samuel Adams and John Hancock (Sons of Liberty Patriots) were meeting in the village of Lexington

    • That the Minutemen were hiding weapons in Concord

  • Gage ordered 700 soldiers to:

    • Go to Lexington and Concord

    • Arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock

    • Find the weapons and take them

The a merican revolution

  • Paul Revere (Patriot) heard the news and rode to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • Paul Revere made the trip with William Dawes and Samuel Prescott

  • They got to Concord, warned John Hancock and Samuel Adams and the Minutemen

  • When the British got to Lexington on April 19, 1775, they were ready and waiting for the British soldiers

  • Minutemen shot at the British and they fought back

    • 8 Minutemen were killed and several others were wounded

  • The British soldiers moved on to Concord to find the weapons they heard were stored there

    • The weapons had been moved

  • When the British soldiers were marching back to Boston, the Minutemen fired at them and killed 73 and wounded 174

  • Only 93 Minutemen were killed or wounded

  • The Minutemen won this battle

The shot heard around the world
“The Shot Heard Around the World” to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • The fighting at Lexington and Concord was the first battle in the American Revolutionary War

The second continental congress
The Second Continental Congress to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • May 10, 1775, the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia

  • There were representatives from every colony except Georgia

  • Again, the representatives have different ideas about how to proceed

    • Some want to declare war with Britain

    • Some want to make peace

  • Congress decided by June to start preparing for war

Continental army
Continental Army to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • Congress decided the colonies needed a Continental Army of full-time, regular soldiers AND part-time militia from each colony

  • Congress asked George Washington to lead the Continental Army

  • Each colony was asked to contribute money to pay for guns, bullets, food and uniforms

  • Congress printed their own paper money (called continentals) and used this to pay the soldiers

Battle of bunker hill
Battle of Bunker Hill to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • Near Boston

  • June 17,1775

  • Colonists built earthworks near Boston to defend themselves against a battle with the British soldiers

  • The British soldiers were only safe in Boston and could only leave by sea

  • Colonists began to build earthworks on Breed’s Hill (across the Charles River from Boston)

  • General Thomas Gage (British) ordered his soldiers to open fire on the colonists

  • Gage sent General William Howe (British) with 2,400 soldiers to capture Breed’s Hill

The a merican revolution

  • British and colonists fought at Breed’s Hill to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

    • Colonists drove the British down the hill twice before running out of gun powder

  • British won the battle, but more than 1,000 of the 2,400 soldiers were killed or wounded

  • Only about 350 colonists were killed or wounded

  • Colonists were proud of what they had done, even though they lost

  • British learned that it wouldn’t be so easy to beat the colonists

  • The Battle of Bunker Hill actually happened at Breed’s Hill (it was misnamed!)

Olive branch petition vs proclamation of rebellion
Olive Branch Petition vs. Proclamation of Rebellion to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams

  • July 5, 1775

  • Second Continental Congress met again and sent the Olive Branch Petition to King George III

    • They wanted a peaceful ending to the fighting

  • King George III responded with the Proclamation of Rebellion

    • Promised to use every measure to crush the rebellion and bring the traitors to justice

  • The two documents crossed paths on their way and each was written before the other one had been read

The armies got s tronger
The Armies Got to warn John Hancock and Samuel AdamsStronger

  • King George III hired German mercenaries to enlarge his army

    • Most of the Germans were Hessians (from the Hesse region of Germany)

    • Professional soldiers who fought for other countries in return for money

    • Also enlisted the help of the Native Americans and took advantage of their anger towards to the colonists

  • Second Continental Congress created a Navy and reached out to some Native American tribes as well

  • The colonists started to see themselves as Americans, and not just colonists

What happens now
What happens now??? to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams