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Georgia and the American Experience. Chapter 1: Where in the World is Georgia? Study Presentation . © 2005 Clairmont Press. Georgia and the American Experience. Section 1: What is Geography? Section 2: Geographic Regions of Georgia Section 3: Georgia’s Climate.

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georgia and the american experience
Georgiaand the American Experience

Chapter 1:

Where in the World is Georgia?

Study Presentation

© 2005 Clairmont Press

georgia and the american experience1
Georgia and the American Experience

Section 1: What is Geography?

Section 2: Geographic Regions of Georgia

Section 3: Georgia’s Climate

section 1 what is geography
Section 1: What is Geography?
  • Essential Question

- What roles do the six essential elements of geography play in our lives?

section 1 what is geography1
Section 1: What is Geography?
  • What geographic terms do I need to know?

-- geography

-- absolute location

-- relative location

what is geography
What is Geography?
  • Geographica (Greek origin) means “earth’s description”.
  • Science of studying Earth as the home of humans.
  • Geography helps us understand why Georgia’s native peoples and later settlers chose certain parts of the state for their home.
understanding georgia spatial geography
Understanding Georgia: Spatial Geography
  • Spatial: How Georgians organize their space and environment:
    • 159 counties
    • five bordering states
understanding georgia places and regions
Understanding Georgia: Places and Regions
  • Places and Regions: People create regions to understand Earth’s complexities
  • Georgia has five physiographic regions
  • 18 islands
  • 58, 910 square miles
  • 854 square inland water miles
understanding georgia through geography
Understanding Georgia through Geography
  • Physical Systems: Physical processes that shape the earth’s surface
  • Coastal islands (southeast Georgia)
  • Appalachian Mountains (north Georgia)
  • Fall Line divides east and west Georgia
understanding georgia human systems
Understanding Georgia: Human Systems
  • Human Systems: Where Georgians migrated and settled
  • Atlanta (Fulton County) is the capital
  • Twiggs County (geographic center)
  • Port of Savannah (first major settlement)
  • Brasstown Bald (highest geographic point)
understanding georgia environment and society
Understanding Georgia: Environment and Society
  • Environment and Society: Actions of humans modify the environment
  • Suburban sprawl in metropolitan Atlanta
  • Interstates and highways
  • Urban population centers
  • Rural farmlands and agricultural regions
understanding georgia uses of geography
Understanding Georgia: Uses of Geography
  • Uses of Geography: Interpret Georgia’s past, understand its present, plan for its future
  • Location from one settlement to another affects how each settlement develops
  • Georgia’s location relative to other states affects Georgia’s growth and economic development
understanding location
Understanding Location
  • Absolute location: A precise position on Earth’s surface
  • Georgia is located at 30°– 35°N latitude, 80°– 85° W longitude
  • Georgia borders Florida (south), Alabama (west), Tennessee and North Carolina (north), and South Carolina (east).
understanding location1
Understanding Location
  • Relative Location: Where Georgia is located compared with other places
  • North America
  • Southeastern United States
  • Atlantic coast

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section 2 geographic regions of georgia
Section 2: Geographic Regions of Georgia

-- How would you describe the geographic regions of Georgia?

section 2 geographic regions of georgia1
Section 2: Geographic Regions of Georgia
  • What words do I need to know?

-- Fall Line

-- Region

-- Precipitation

-- Wetland

-- Barrier Island

-- Continental Shelf

section 2 geographic regions of georgia2
Section 2: Geographic Regions of Georgia
  • What regions do I need to know?

-- Appalachian Plateau Region

-- Ridge and Valley Region

-- Blue Ridge Region

-- Piedmont Plateau

-- Coastal Plain Region

-- Okefenokee Swamp

appalachian plateau region
Appalachian Plateau Region
  • Georgia’s smallest physiographic region
  • Many limestone caves, deep canyons, rock formations
  • Cumberland Plateau (Lookout Mountain and Sand Mountain separated by limestone ridges)
  • Limestone, shale, and sandstone soils
ridge and valley region
Ridge and Valley Region
  • Between Blue Ridge Mountains and Appalachian Plateau
  • Low open valleys parallel to narrow ridges
  • Elevations ranges from 700 to 1600 feet above sea level
  • Forests and pastures dominate the region
  • Limestone and clay soils in the valley
  • Shale and sandstone on the ridges
blue ridge region
Blue Ridge Region
  • Northeastern part of state
  • Contains state’s highest and largest group of mountains
  • Brasstown Bald, Georgia highest mountain is here
  • Mountains provide much precipitation (water) for the state
  • Sandy loam and clay soils
  • Hardwood forests, vegetable farming, and apples
piedmont plateau
Piedmont Plateau
  • Begins in mountain foothills and goes to state’s central part
  • Gently sloping hills in north, flatlands in the south
  • Hardwood timber, pine, and agriculture
  • Red clay and granite base
  • Chattahoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Oconee rivers
coastal plain region
Coastal Plain Region
  • Largest region, three-fifths of state
  • Inner Coastal Plain: Mild climate, good underground water supply, state’s major agriculture region
  • Outer Coastal Plain (southwest corner): rich soil for peanuts, pecans, corn, and pulp production
  • Low-lying freshwater wetlands
okefenokee swamp
Okefenokee Swamp
  • 681 square miles
  • Located south of Waycross
  • Largest swamp in North America
  • Freshwater wetland
  • Water lies close to the surface
islands of gold
Islands of Gold
  • Spanish explorers called the barrier islands “islands of gold”
  • Protect beaches by blocking sand, winds, and water that could erode the mainland
  • Two-thirds remains wilderness areas
  • Much recreation, seafood gathering
  • Deep water ports for shipping
shelves and lines
Shelves and Lines
  • Georgia’s continental shelf is portion of coastal plain that extends into the ocean
  • The Continental slope falls into deep plateaus and into the Atlantic Ocean depths
  • The Fall Line, a natural boundary, separates the Coastal Plain from the Piedmont Plateau
fall line features
Fall Line Features
  • Hilly or mountainous lands meet the coastal plain
  • Runs from Columbus (west) through Macon to Augusta (east)
  • Many waterfalls caused by water from the hills cutting channels into the softer soil of the plains
  • Fall Line waterfalls provide power source for several Georgia communities

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section 3 georgia s climate
Section 3: Georgia’s Climate

-- How would you describe the climate of Georgia?

section 3 georgia s climate1
Section 3: Georgia’s Climate
  • What concepts do I need to know?

-- Difference between weather and climate

-- Effect of weather conditions on the state

-- Different types of weather phenomena

georgia s temperature
Georgia’s Temperature
  • Mild climate, subtropical feel along the coast
  • Hot, humid summers and mild winters
  • Four distinct seasons: Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter
  • Vertical climate (higher elevation in mountains causes colder temperatures)
  • July is hottest month; January is coldest
georgia s precipitation
Georgia’s Precipitation
  • In normal year, Georgia gets 40-52 inches of rain in central and southern regions and 65-76 inches in the northern mountains
  • July is wettest month; October is driest
  • From 1998 to 2002, Georgia experienced a major drought (extended lack of precipitation)
winds and currents
Winds and Currents
  • Air masses from Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean control summer’s warm months.
  • Air masses from polar regions of Alaska and Canada control Georgia’s winters.
  • Ocean currents, trade winds, and prevailing westerlies aided travel for early explorers and settlers to Georgia.
storms over georgia
Storms over Georgia
  • Georgia averages 21 tornadoes each year, resulting in one to three deaths
  • Most tornadoes in Georgia occur from March to May
  • Georgia’s most hurricane-like storm (in terms of lives lost) occurred in Savannah in 1893
  • Called the “Sea Islands Hurricane,” the storm resulted in 1,000 deaths.

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