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Fields of medicine. Combining forms. Algesi(o) = sensitivity to pain Hist(o) = tissue Laryng(o) = larynx Or(o) = mouth Pharmac(o) = drugs or medicine Plast(o) = repair Therapeut(o) = treatment Dent(o), Odont(o) = tooth Dermat(o), Derm(a) = skin Ger(a), Ger(o), Geront(o) = aged.

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combining forms
Combining forms
  • Algesi(o) = sensitivity to pain
  • Hist(o) = tissue
  • Laryng(o) = larynx
  • Or(o) = mouth
  • Pharmac(o) = drugs or medicine
  • Plast(o) = repair
  • Therapeut(o) = treatment
  • Dent(o), Odont(o) = tooth
  • Dermat(o), Derm(a) = skin
  • Ger(a), Ger(o), Geront(o) = aged
combining forms1
Combining forms
  • Opt(o), Optic(o) = vision
  • Pharmaceut(o) = drugs
  • Ped(o), Pod(o) = foot
  • Tox(o), Toxic(o) = poison
  • Esthesi(o) = feeling
  • Immun(o) = immune
  • Ot(o) = ear
  • Orth(o) = straight
  • Physi(o) = nature
  • Rheumat(o) = rheumatism
  • Tom(o) = to cut
prefixes
Prefixes
  • Ana- = up or again
  • End-, Endo- = inside
  • Pes- = foot
suffixes
suffixes
  • -al, -ic, -ac = pertaining to
  • -er, -ist = one who
  • -logist = one who studies “specialist”
  • -iatrics, -iatry = medicine
  • -crine = to secrete
  • -iatrician = practitioner
  • -logy = to study
  • -pod = foot
  • -ia = condition
  • -ism = condition, theory, process
  • -opsy = viewing
  • -tomy = incision, cutting
medical specialties
Medical specialties
  • Anatomy: the science of the structure of the body and its parts
  • Physiology: the study of the function and activities of the living body
  • Histology: the study of the structure, composition and function of tissues
  • Biology: the study of living things
  • Biopsy: the viewing of living tissue
medical specialties1
Medical specialties
  • Pathology: the study of disease
  • Holistic medicine: the idea that the physical, emotional, intellectual, social and spiritual aspects of a persons life affect their health
  • Neurology: deals with the nervous system, both normal and diseased
medical specialties2
Medical specialties
  • Surgery: includes branches of medicine that treat disease, injuries and deformities by operative procedures
  • Oral surgeon: operations of the mouth
  • Plastic surgeon: repairs or reconstructs tissue or organs
  • Neurosurgeon: surgery of the brain and spinal cord
  • Orthopedic surgeon: preserves and restores bones
medical specialties3
Medical specialties
  • Orthodontics: irregularities in tooth alignment and facial problems
  • Dentistry: the teeth, oral cavity and associated diseases
  • Endodontics: the inner most parts of the teeth (pulp and roots)
  • Pedodontist: specializes in dentistry of children
medical specialties4
Medical specialties
  • Anesthesia: without feeling
  • Anesthesiology: deals with the administration of anesthetics and their effects on the body
  • Anesthetist: not a physician, but is only trained in anesthetics
  • Local anesthesia: localized to one area
    • Novocain at the dentists’ office
  • Regional anesthesia: blocks feeling in a group of nerve fibers
    • Nerve or spinal blocks
  • General anesthesia: produces a state of unconsciousness
    • Getting “knocked out”
medical specialties5
Medical specialties
  • Family practice physician or General Practitioner (GP): diagnoses and treats people of any age and of any sex
  • Otorhinolaryngologist (ENT) : specialist in ear nose and throat disorders
  • Ophthalmologist: specialist in diseases of the eye
  • Optometrist: specializes in measuring and correcting vision problems
  • Urologist: diseases of the urinary tract in males and females and the male genital tract
medical specialties6
Medical specialties
  • Cardiologist: specializes in diseases of the heart
  • Dermatologist: specializes in diseases of the skin
  • Radiologist: specializes in studying and interpreting x-rays
  • X-rays: cause the photographic plate to blacken
    • Air: appears black
    • Fat: appears dark gray
    • Softtissue: appears light gray
    • Bone: appears white because it has calcium (a metal) in it
  • Radiopaque: substances that do not allow x-rays to pass through them
medical specialties7
Medical specialties
  • Gynecologist (GYN): disease of the female genital tract
  • Psychiatry: the emotional and mental disorders
  • Clinical Psychology: personality and behavioral disorders
  • Gerontology: problems of aging and diseases of the elderly
  • Gerodontics: the dental problems of the elderly
medical specialties8
Medical specialties
  • Pediatrician: diseases and development of children
  • Obstetrician (OB): pregnancy, labor and delivery
  • Internist: diseases of the internal structures of the body
  • Immunology: the function and diseases of the immune system
  • Rheumatologist: diseases in connective tissue (joints)
medical specialties9
Medical specialties
  • Oncology: deals with malignant tumors
  • Malignant: able to spread and/or cause death or damage
  • Benign: not able to spread and cause damage
  • Gastroenterologist: diseases of the stomach and intestines
  • Epidemic: a disease that attacks several people in a region at the same time
  • Epidemiologist: causes, cures and prevention of epidemic diseases
medical specialties10
Medical specialties
  • Preventative medicine: preventing the occurrence of mental and physical illness and disease
  • Emergency Room (ER): deals with severely ill or injured patients who require immediate medical treatment
  • Diagnosis: uses scientific methods to establish the nature of a disease
  • Endocrinologist: diseases of the glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
medical specialties11
Medical specialties
  • Sports medicine: prevention, diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries
  • Aerospacemedicine: studies the effects of space travel on animals and applies it to human astronauts
  • Forensicmedicine: the application of medical knowledge in court cases
  • Physician assistant (PA): a person certified to deliver primary care under the supervision of a licensed physician
medical specialties12
medical specialties
  • Pharmacology: the study of the origin, properties and effects of drugs
  • Pharmacotherapy: the treatment of diseases with drugs
  • Pharmaceutical: pertaining to a pharmacy or drugs
  • Analgesic: any pain relieving drug
  • Toxicology: the study of poisons
medical specialties13
Medical specialties
  • Registered nurse (RN): licensed to practice by a state board of nurse examiners
  • Licensed practical nurse (LPN): performs services under the supervision of an RN
  • Physicaltherapist (PT): not a physician, but is trained to provide physical rehabilitation therapy to patients
abbreviations
abbreviations
  • a.c. = before meals
  • ad lib. = freely as needed
  • AMA = American Medical Association
  • aq. = water
  • b.i.d. = twice a day
  • b.i.n. = twice a night
  • Bx = biopsy
  • Ca = cancer
  • CDC = center for disease control
  • DOA = dead on arival
abbreviations1
abbreviations
  • DOB = date of birth
  • Dx = diagnosis
  • ENT = Ear, nose and throat
  • ER = emergency room
  • GI = gastrointestinal
  • GP = General Practice
  • Gyn = gynecology
  • h/o = history of
  • Hx = history
  • ICU = intensive care unit
abbreviations2
abbreviations
  • LPN = Licensed practical nurse
  • noct = night
  • OB = obstetrics
  • OB-GYN = obstetrics and gynecology
  • OD = right eye or overdose
  • OR = operating room
  • OTC = over the counter drug
  • po = by mouth
  • p.r.n. = as needed
  • PT = physical therapy
abbreviations3
abbreviations
  • Pt = patient
  • Px = physical examination
  • q.d. = everyday
  • q.i.d. = four times a day
  • R = radiology
  • RN = registered nurse
  • rad = radiation absorbed dose
  • Rx = perscriptioin
  • Stat = immediately
  • t.i.d. = three times a day