The Fight for a Continent What are the other countries and groups currently doing in North America???? • Chapter Seven
The Spanish Move North • Pages 232 - 236
Fighting for Florida • The Spanish had a strong hold on most of South America and Mexico. • They wanted to control Florida as well. • Pedro Menendez de Aviles led a Small fleet to gain Control of French Florida. • The first colony in Current America was.....
New Mexico • - Don Juan de Onate led a group across the Rio Grand and they named this area New Mexico. • - The Natives Americans on these lands lost this land to the Spanish that were in search of Gold. • - Spanish did not find gold on their expedition so....
Hacienda • - Spanish built Haciendas, or self-sufficient estates, where they would have cattle graze. • - Haciendas had vegetable gardens, workshops, and mills. • * Who would have worked on these haciendas?
Converting • The Spanish did want to convert Native Americans to Christianity, so they built missions. • To protect the missions they had to build military forts, also known as presidios.
El Camino Real • “The Royal Road” was built to connect Mexico City and Santa Fe.
Why did this happen? • - The pueblo attacked Settlements all over New Mexico that killed many Spanish. • - They did this because they were tired of Spanish taking their land, trying to convert the, and making them work.... What other group does this sound like? -Click photo above
The Spanish take Mexico Back • - After Pope died the Pueblo and other peoples were not as united. • - The Spanish were able to reclaim Mexico in 1692. • - The Spanish continued to grow and founded many new towns including San Antonio.
The French Explore the Mississippi • Pages 240 - 243
What where the French doing? • The French lived in present-day Canada... some of their major settlements were... • French Traders and missionaries learned a lot from Native Americans.
Exploring the Mississippi • - The French were excited to set up trading posts on the Mississippi. • - They also thought this could be a way to the Pacific Ocean, but when they realized they were headed South they had to turn back.
Founding Louisiana • Nine years later Robert La Salle continued the expedition on the Mississippi. • He wanted to travel to the mouth of the Mississippi. • His group drug their sleds across snow and ice to make the trek.
Claiming Louisiana • Robert La Salle traveled to mouth of the mississippi. • He claimed the Mississippi River Valley and all of it’s tributaries for the King.
The French and Indian War • 246 – 251 • Click Photo
Conflicts over Land • The English colonies continued to grow and wanted more land. • This led to many battles and a war with the Native American peoples.
King Phillip’s War • Metacom, a Wampanoag leader, wanted to force these groups out of New England. • The English called Metacom “King Phillip” and this became known as King Phillip’s War. • After an entire year of fighting, Metacom was killed and the English won.
Movement West • - During the 1700s settlers continued to move west. Land along the Atlantic became more expensive and settlers moved to the backcountry. • - This land was very rugged near the Appalachian Mountains. • - They built log cabins, hunted, and farmed.
The Struggle • - Settlers moved all the way to the Ohio River Valley. • - This area was already claimed by the Native Americans and the French.... so.... who would take this land over??!?!?!
Claiming the land.... • English wrote a strong letter in 1753 arguing this land was there land. • The French refused and the British went and tried to capture For Duquesne • Robert La Salle • Ohio River Valley was one of the tributaries. • They began to build forts to protect this area
The English’s 1st defeat • - Washington defeated a group of French soldiers. • - Later the French went to Fort Necessity.
The Beginning • This is the beginning of the French and Indian War. • The small battles between the British and the French AND the British and the Native Americans.
Hoping for Allies • The British reached out to the Iroquois League to become an Ally in these battles. • However, Hendrick refused.... why did he refuse this alliance?
Fort Duquesne • The British tried to take over the French Fort Duquesne. Once again they were defeated, but things were about to change.
The British Begin to WIN! • - The British were growing tired of losing battles to the French, so they sent additional troops and they began to win. • -They also had the Iroquois join their forces.
The Battle of Quebec • - The key battle was in Quebec in 1759. • -Victorious, The British were able to win the war.
The Treaty of Paris • - this officially ended the French and Indian War. • - The land that previously belonged to the Natives now belonged to the English. • -What is a treaty? • - Who did not have a say in this matter?
Pontiac’s Rebellion • Attacks on the British moving into the Ohio River Valley and along the Great Lakes. • The British were surprised by this and wanted these attacks to cease. • King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763 which stated that colonists would not move west of the Appalachian Mountains.