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Frankenstein and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The Gothic Novel. Romantic. Romantic elements Existentialism – reason to exist Childhood/innocence Stopping/reflecting – enjoying life Byronic hero – mysterious, nameless guilt. Gothic. Gothic elements

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Presentation Transcript
romantic
Romantic
  • Romantic elements
    • Existentialism – reason to exist
    • Childhood/innocence
    • Stopping/reflecting – enjoying life
    • Byronic hero – mysterious, nameless guilt
gothic
Gothic
  • Gothic elements
    • Weather – wind, clouds, fog, thunder, lighting
    • Supernatural
    • Lots of emotion – fear, terror, sorrow, guilt
    • Ancient tales
    • Mysterious/unknown places
    • Women in distress
    • Monotony of gloom and horror – footsteps, wind, hard rain
    • Houses beyond repair
    • Late night aspect
    • Gigantic, enormous, large
frankenstein
Frankenstein
  • Written by Mary Shelley in 1816
  • Subtitled “The Modern Prometheus”
  • Criticism that she didn’t/couldn’t write such a horrifying ghost story
  • Monster = Victor’s feelings externalized
  • A doppelganger – double/second self
frankenstein1
Frankenstein
  • Romantic – nature aspect, monster and feels safe in nature, Victor returns to nature, both feel isolated
  • Gothic – cold, fog, ice, isolation
    • The summer Frankenstein is written is the coldest recorded
mary shelley
Mary Shelley
  • 1797 – born daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, both prominent writers
  • 1814 – Mary meets Percy Bysshe Shelly, they leave for France
  • 1816 – Mary gives birth to William, begins writing Frankenstein as a novella, encouraged by Percy to create novel
frame tale
Frame Tale
  • More engaging, listener embodies reader, makes it seem more realistic
  • Wraps ordinary story in “ghost” story
  • Makes story more credible, believable, verisimilitude
  • Provides didactic function – instruction and entertainment
  • Universalizes story
correlation to birth gestation
Correlation to Birth/Gestation
  • Confinement – laying in for birth
  • Novel took 9 months to write, takes place over 9 months (pages of novel)
  • “Dilation” of novel – dilation of cervix during birth
  • Mary had four miscarriages before 25 which almost killed her
themes and allusions
Themes and Allusions
  • The dangerous pursuit of knowledge
    • Prometheus (gives fire to man, painful – liver pecked out daily)
    • Adam and Eve - eat and suffer the consequences (childbirth)
    • Paradise Lost – “And now with the world before me”
    • Plato’s Symposium – “we are unfashioned creatures”
      • Globular man, split
motifs and symbols
Motifs and Symbols
  • Lack of mothers
  • Meaning of names
  • Lightning/storm (weather)
  • Texts/books
  • Fire
  • Nature
dr jekyll and mr hyde
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  • Written by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1886
  • Significance of names
    • Jekyll = “I kill”
    • Hyde = hiding
  • Jekyll says he can “be rid of Hyde” whenever he wants
  • Tragic flaw – Jekyll lets Hyde continue to take over
  • Will uses word “disappearance” to describe Jekyll going away
unreliable narrator
Unreliable Narrator
  • Utterson
    • Narrates novella, receive all info through him
    • Trusted with secrets and wills
    • Reader does not get details because Utterson does not know everything
    • Inquisitive (plays Sherlock)
themes and symbols
Themes and Symbols
  • Doppelganger – Jekyll and Hyde
  • Symbols – night, houses, documents, cane
  • Themes – duality of man, consequences of the pursuit of knowledge