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Congress Organization. House. Presiding Officer & Party Leader : Speaker of the House : Rep. John Boehner Elected by the whole of the House of Representatives second in line to succeed the President, after the Vice President. . Majority Leader Rep. Eric Cantor

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  • Presiding Officer & Party Leader:

    Speaker of the House:

  • Rep. John Boehner

  • Elected by the whole of the House of Representatives

  • second in line to succeed the President, after the Vice President.

Congress organization

  • Majority Leader

    Rep. Eric Cantor

  • Represents Republicans on the House floor.

  • Majority Whip

    Rep. Kevin McCarthy

  • Assists leadership in managing party's legislative program

Congress organization

  • Minority Whip

    Rep. Steny Hoyer

  • Assists leadership in managing party's legislative program

House of representatives
House of Representatives

  • Special Powers of the House of Representatives

    • All money (appropriations) bills start here

    • Select the President in an Electoral College tie

    • Write the article of impeachment against high ranking officials


My job is to be the deciding vote in ties.

  • Presiding Officers:

    # 1 President of the Senate=Vice President

    Biden, Joseph R., Jr

    # 2 President Pro Tempore

    Inouye, Daniel K. (D-HI),

The P.P.T. is responsible for being the leader in the Vice President’s absence

Party officers
Party Officers

Majority Leader

Majority Whip

Durbin, Richard J. (D-IL)

  • Reid, Harry (D-NV)

Congress organization

Minority Leader

Minority Whip

Kyl, Jon (R-AZ)

  • McConnell, Mitch (R-KY

Congress organization



Round up congressmen and women for votes

Serve in leaders absence

  • Spokesperson for political party


  • Special Powers

    • Approves all treaties

    • Approves all appointment

    • Chooses the Vice President in an Electoral College tie

    • Acts as the jury in all trials of impeachment

Powers of congress

Raise and maintain armed forces

Decide how citizens from other nations can become US citizens

Mint money

Set up a court system

Borrow money

Declare war

Set up a mail system

Impose taxes

Makes laws necessary to carry out expressed powers

Regulate foreign and interstate trade

Powers of Congress

Regulating driving
Regulating Driving

  • Issuing driver’s licenses is a power reserved to the States, and every State has its own set of rules and requirements. Most States require a written, on-road, and vision test. However, the age at which teenagers can get a license and the rules new drivers must follow vary from State to State. Thus, in California, drivers under 20 must be accompanied by someone age 25 or older between the hours of 11 PM and 5 AM. In Massachusetts, a teenager cannot get a driver’s license until age-16-and-a-half, at which point the new driver is given a restricted Junior’s Operator’s License until age 18.

  • Under which of the basic principles do the reserved powers fall?

Powers of states
Powers of States…

  • Establish public schools

  • Issue licenses

  • Enact land use laws

  • Regulate public facilities

  • Protect and promote public health

  • Public safety

  • General welfare

Powers denied to states
Powers denied to States…

  • Cannot enter into a treaty, alliance, or confederation

  • Cannot print money

  • Cannot deny anyone life, liberty, or property without due process of law

  • Cannot tax agencies or function of the National Government

Review how a bill becomes a law

  • Create a graphic organizer to display the steps from HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW.


  • Must be organized and neat

  • Steps to Include:

  • Title

  • Illustrations[.