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The Red Sea Rangers:. The Red Sea Rangers:. Presented by Joe Aufmuth, University of Florida, USA, mapper@uflib.ufl.edu Dr. Hesham Abd-El Rasol, Red Sea Sustainable Development and Improved Water Resources Management Project, Egypt, hesham_61@yahoo.com

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The red sea rangers

The Red Sea Rangers:

The Red Sea Rangers:

Presented by

Joe Aufmuth, University of Florida, USA, mapper@uflib.ufl.edu

Dr. Hesham Abd-El Rasol, Red Sea Sustainable Development and Improved Water Resources Management Project, Egypt, hesham_61@yahoo.com

Dr. Scot Smith, University of Florida, USA, SESmith@ifas.ufl.edu

IAMSLIC 31st Annual Conference

October 10th-14th, 2005

Rome, Italy

a case study on using spatial collections

and remote sensing to protect

aquatic resources

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Project summary
Project Summary

  • In 1997 the Nature Conservation Sector (NCS) of the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), through the Egyptian Environmental Policy Program (EEPP) assisted by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), formed the Red Sea Rangers.

  • A seminar funded by USAID trained Rangers to use spatial collections and remote sensing to map and help manage Red Sea coastal resources

  • Techniques used image processing and GIS software to integrate satellite images, ancillary GIS data, and Red Sea field observations

  • A summary of the training and challenges of communicating technical issues in a multi-cultural environment are presented

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The red sea egyptian coastline
The Red Sea: Egyptian Coastline

  • 1500 km Coastline

  • One of the World’s most spectacular recreational diving destinations

  • Extremely popular tourist location

  • A major Mid-East shipping route

  • Tremendous growth potential

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Red sea tourism
Red Sea Tourism

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Shoreline development
Shoreline Development

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Boating fishing diving
Boating, Fishing, Diving

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Marine resources impacts
Marine Resources Impacts

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Potential impacts

Damage to coral reefs from marine recreation (boating, fishing, diving, and collecting)

Over-fishing

Aquatic and terrestrial habitat degradation

Commercial shipping accidents

Development increases need for Land-based solid waste disposal sites

Potential Impacts

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The red sea rangers1
The Red Sea Rangers fishing, diving, and collecting)

  • Approximately 40 Rangers

  • Environmental compliance

  • Environmental education

  • Enforce regulations

  • Survey environmental resources

  • GIS, Remote Sensing and GPS mapping section

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The ranger s mapping program
The Ranger’s Mapping Program fishing, diving, and collecting)

  • Approximately 10 Rangers

  • Mapping coastal resources

  • Monitoring environmental change

  • Predicting marine impacts

  • Locating future facilities

  • Meeting the Ranger program’s spatial information needs

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The red sea rangers

IAMSLIC Rome 2005 fishing, diving, and collecting)


Course location al ghardaqah hurghada egypt
Course location fishing, diving, and collecting)Al Ghardaqah الغردقة) (Hurghada, Egypt)

Red Sea

Hurghada

http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/docs/refmaps.html

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The classroom
The Classroom fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Course outline classroom day 1
Course Outline fishing, diving, and collecting)Classroom Day 1

  • Remote sensing applications, theory, and principles

  • Image enhancement theory and exercises

  • NASA Remote Sensing Tutorial http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/start.html

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Remote sensing theory
Remote Sensing Theory fishing, diving, and collecting)

Visible Electromagnetic Spectrum

http://adc.gsfc.nasa.gov/mw/mmw_rainbow.html#visible

Satellite Sensors (Spectral Resolution)

Light

Reflectance

Sun

Reflectance

Earth

http://ltpwww.gsfc.nasa.gov/IAS/handbook/handbook_htmls/chapter6/chapter6.html

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Satellite image data
Satellite Image Data fishing, diving, and collecting)

Satellite

“Bands”

Spatial

Resolution

1 (B)

129

30 m

2 (G)

110

30 m

3 (R)

103

“Reflectance

Value”

Field Of View

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Satellite sensor summary
Satellite Sensor Summary fishing, diving, and collecting)

  • Many different imaging satellites

  • Spectral resolution: Width of spectrum measured by satellite

  • Spatial resolution: Satellite image pixel size

  • http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/start.html

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Classroom day 2 and 3
Classroom fishing, diving, and collecting)Day 2 and 3

  • Image classification theory, methods and laboratory exercises

  • Hand-held spectroradiometer theory and application

  • Temporal change detection theory and laboratory exercises

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Satellite image processing summary
Satellite Image Processing Summary fishing, diving, and collecting)

  • Preprocessing

    • Atmospheric correction (sun, clouds, haze)

    • Radiometric Correction (satellite sensor)

    • Geometric Correction (assign coordinates)

  • Postprocessing

    • Image Classification (assign description)

      • “Unsupervised” -- computer

      • “Supervised” – User guided

      • Other vector spatial data (ancillary data)

  • Ground Truth (pre or post classification)

    • Spectroradiometer field measurements

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Image display and enhancement
Image Display and Enhancement fishing, diving, and collecting)

False Color

Bands 4,3,2

Full Image

Subset

True Color

Bands 3,2,1

False Color

Bands 7,1,5

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Image classification
Image Classification fishing, diving, and collecting)

Geographic

Information

Systems Data

(ancillary data)

Image

Classification

3 Classes

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Ground truth spectroradiometer
Ground Truth fishing, diving, and collecting)Spectroradiometer

On The Sea

On The Land

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Red sea field trip day 4
Red Sea Field Trip fishing, diving, and collecting)Day 4

  • Demonstrate theory and application of using hand-held spectroradiometer in marine biology

  • Field data processing and laboratory exercises to apply field data in order to enhance image classification

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Red sea field trip
Red Sea Field Trip fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Mission planning
Mission Planning fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Equipment check
Equipment Check fishing, diving, and collecting)

GPS

Sensor

Spectroradiometer

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Data collection
Data Collection fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Example study areas
Example Study Areas fishing, diving, and collecting)

Shallow

Water

Coral

Sea

Grass

Deep

Water

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Example spectral data
Example Spectral Data fishing, diving, and collecting)

Source ASTER spectral library http://speclib.jpl.nasa.gov/Search.htm

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Hurghada mountains field trip day 5
Hurghada Mountains Field Trip fishing, diving, and collecting)Day 5

  • Demonstrate theory and application of using hand-held spectroradiometer in Geology

  • Field data processing and laboratory exercises to apply field data in order to enhance image classification

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Mountain field trip
Mountain Field Trip fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Mission planning1
Mission Planning fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Equipment check1
Equipment Check fishing, diving, and collecting)

Calibration Plate

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Data collection1
Data Collection fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Example study areas1
Example Study Areas fishing, diving, and collecting)

Rocks, Minerals

Soils, Vegetation

Landscape

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Example spectral data1
Example Spectral Data fishing, diving, and collecting)

Source ASTER spectral library http://speclib.jpl.nasa.gov/Search.htm

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The red sea rangers2
The Red Sea Rangers fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Post training landfill siting study
Post Training fishing, diving, and collecting)Landfill Siting Study

  • ASTER satellite imagery and GIS data to locate a potential solid waste disposal site

  • Criteria – distance from the coast, protectorates, and roads, as well as specified slope, drainage, and soils

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


The red sea rangers

GIS fishing, diving, and collecting)

Criteria

Selected Sites

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Our host and family
Our Host and Family fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Red sea ranger hospitality
Red Sea Ranger Hospitality fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Farewell dinner
Farewell Dinner fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005


Questions
Questions ? fishing, diving, and collecting)

IAMSLIC Rome 2005