Malaria in our future hands By Simerdeep Sagoo
Hopes of malaria vaccine by 2010 • Do we have malaria under control? The answer is “PROBABLY” as scientist predict that in the year 2010 there would be a vaccine to stop malaria.
The proof of this vaccine working??? • “The vaccine was used to protect 2,022 children in Mozambique and cut the risk of developing severe malaria by 58%”. Taken from the BBC website (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/3742876.stm) "We are quite certain not only that the vaccine is safe...but that we have seen a clear efficacy.“ Taken from the BBC as well!!
There are some natural defences • There are some natural defences around, but every single on has it own disadvantage • For example: Sickle Cell The disadvantage is that the cell are not round like normal red blood cells. Normal Red Blood Cell A Sickle Cell
Is there a way of mutating the vector? There is many way of stopping the vector from spreading the most infectious disease in the world From a seminar I learnt that: there is a way of stopping the female anopheles mosquito form laying eggs. Scientist believe that there is a way of mutating a male mosquito from letting the female mosquito from laying eggs.
There is also a way of mutating the parasite • There is also a way of mutating the parasite. • Some scientist are working on mutating the gene of the parasite. • Basically they are trying to stop the reproduction stage of the parasite by breaking down that gene.
What I have been doing? • For the past nine (9) days of my work I have constructed and reconstructed a lot of things Firstly I have pilot tested my questionnaire. Which was a bit of a failure but got a lot of useful information from Spencer Polley . However I have constructed a much more opinion questionnaire. That will blow the scientist in London school of hygiene and tropical medicine minds away.
OLD Questionnaire NEW reconstructed questionnaire
Secondly, I have been to a few extraordinary and exciting seminar that talked about how to mutate the vector Thirdly, I have met many scientist, I have also worked with most of the scientist in the malaria department Lastly, I have been researching more about mutating the vector and on mutating the parasite
Our objective • 1/. To identify some of the most prominent resistances to malaria. • 2/. To find out if it is possible to mutate either the parasite or the vector. • 3/. To see how close we are to developing a vaccine to malaria. • 4/. To see if we have any defences to malaria.
What we have conquered from my objective • Nick and I have completed the first objective of our project • We have also nearly completed the second objective • We are also close to complete the third objective To see the final piece of our presentation you’ll need to tune in next time for the final episode of our project
What we hope to do in the future? Nick and I hope to investigate more into mutating vectors and parasite To see if there are any more natural resistance to malaria
Malaria In India Simerdeep Sagoo
Facts About India • India is the second most populous country in the world • India is the six largest country in the world • one of the oldest country in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years
A bit a about malaria in India India are spending roughly about half of there (50%) money on stopping or slowing the number of deaths by Malaria P.Vivax parasites are the cause of the majority of causes (60%) and the other cases are from P.Falciparium and P.Malariae (40%)
Malaria in India • Malaria has been a big problem in India. • The annual incidence of malaria was estimated at around 75 million cases in 1953 • To eradicate this problem the government of India launched a scheme called national Malaria Control Programme in April 1953 • This program proved highly successful and within five years the incidence of malaria dropped incredibly.
What are India doing for stopping malaria spreading • India are using Guppies Fish to stop malaria spreading Guppies Fish are basically fishes that eat Larva when the mosquito lay there eggs in clean water So that the female mosquito get eaten by the fish.
Protection form malaria People in India are using bed nets, so this will stop them getting bitten by a mosquito There are also using DDT to kill mosquito and silkworms
I want to say thanks to : All the staff in this engaging science: Gareth Weedall Spencer Polley Natalie Armstrong Carolyn Stephens Anna Gaze Erick Steinbeck And I would like to Thank all my friends for supporting me. Sorry if I had missed you out