INNOVATION ACTIVITY IN THE INSTITUTE OF THERMOPHYSICS SB RAS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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INNOVATION ACTIVITY IN THE INSTITUTE OF THERMOPHYSICS SB RAS

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  1. INNOVATION ACTIVITY IN THE INSTITUTE OF THERMOPHYSICS SB RAS

  2. 2 The Institute Of Thermophysics STAFF Employees 480 Members of RAS4 Researchers190 Professors47 Phyl. Doctors96 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  3. 3 APPLIED RESEARCH Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  4. Russian Innovation Partnership 4 Technopolice “Novosibirsk” Deputy director on innovation activity Energy Efficiency Demonstration Zone “Novosibirsk” Innovation Department Institute of Thermophysics Energy-Saving Council of SB RASChairman – S. Alekseenko Innovation Council Biisk Boiler Plant Association of small enterprises • Boilers • Scrubbers • Cyclones Novosibirsk Electro-Vacuum Plant Kemerovo’s Chemical Engineering Plant • Heat pumps • Refrigerating machines • Water distillers • Heat meters • Induction lamps

  5. International Innovation Partnership 5 Thermophysics Instituteof USA European Economic Comission U.N.O. “Novosibirsk” Energy Efficiency Demonstration Zone • Distillation • Heat exchangers • Hydrogen Air Products Global Ecology Fund U.N.O. • ECOHOUSE • Wastes treatment • Hydro-vapor turbine • Ink jet printers • Liquid metal drop generator Hewlett Packard General Motors • Air conditioners MedisUS-Israel • Toroidal engine B • Dispersed coating Russian-Israeli Innovation Center More Energy • Fuel cell 5iTech, Cleveland • Rigid viewing tube Optiscope Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  6. International Innovation Partnership 6 “Novosibirsk” Energy Efficiency Demonstration Zone • Distillation • Heat exchangers • Hydrogen Air Products European Economic Comission UN • Ink jet printers • Liquid metal drop generator Global Ecology Fund UN Hewlett Packard Institute of Thermophysics • ECOHOUSE • Wastes treatment • Hydro-vapor turbine General Motors • Air conditioners Russian-Israeli Innovation Center B • Dispersed coating 5iTech, Cleveland Medis • Toroidal engine More Energy Optiscope • Fuel cell • Rigid viewing tube

  7. 7 Ultrasonic Flowmetersand Heat Meters Producer: Novosibirsk Electro-Vacuum Plant • Pipeline diameter 25 - 200 мм- 4 Flowmeter channels- 4 Channels of resistance thermometers- 2 Channels of tensometric manometers- Control of heat supply- Modem communicationData storage: 300 hours; 64 days; 12 months Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  8. 8 Devices of Instantaneous Boiling-up • Instantaneous boiling-up units are put in commission at Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant and Novosibirsk Plant of Chemical Concentrates Is applied for - cooling and heat utilization of highly mineralized polluted water, - concentrating by evaporation of process liquids, - production of desalted water by using of low-grade heat Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  9. 9 Absorption Lithium Bromide Heat Pumps and Refrigerating Machines Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  10. 10 Absorption Lithium Bromide Heat Pumps and Refrigerating Machines • ALBHP-2000 • Novosibirsk Heat Station 4 • ALBRM-2000 • (Chemical Engineering Plant in Kemerovo) Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  11. 11 Vapor-compression Heat Pumps and Refrigerating Machines • Purpose: • production of hot water for the heating and hot-water supply systems (55 - 80 °С) • production of moderate cold (2 - 10°С) for the conditioning and cooling systems for various process fluids. • Heat productivity • from 30 to 1000 kilowatts ITP ANO IPI Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  12. 12 Fuel Cell on Carbonate Melt Pilot fuel cell: Capacity – 80 W No-load voltage – 4.2 V Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  13. 13 Combustor Model With the Vortex Furnace Extension for Coal andCoal-Water Fuel Burning and Gasification - Capacity up to 200 kW- Output of the fuelup to 25 kg/hrAdditional equipment:- vibro-centrifugal mill - ultra-thin milling of coal- plasma-induced ignition- stabilization of burning and gasification- vortex scrubber- thermal control- gas analyzer Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  14. 14 Coal Fired Vapor-Gas Installation with Ultrafine Milling(5-10 mm) Coal h= 55% Water Water-coal slurry Micro-milling system Homogenizer Smoke gas Air Boiler-utilizer Vapor turbine Vapor-water circuit Generator Generator Gas turbine Exhaust gas Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  15. 15 Multifunctional Gas Analyzers - Continious measuring of the gas concentrations - Ability of effective response to the change of combustion regime - Ability to measure of extreme emission concentrations - Output of the test reports by means of data collection and processing system - Reasonable price, fast self-repayment of the device • Ranges of measurements • О2, % vol. 0 - 21 СО2, % vol. 0 - 16 СО, mg/m3 0 - 2000 SO2, mg/m3 0 - 2000NО, mg/m3 0 - 2000 NО2, mg/m3 0 - 1000СН4, mg/m3 0 - 2000 • Погрешность измерений: 10 % Mobile Gas Analyzer StationaryGas Analyzer Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  16. Modelling of the Thermodynamic Processes in the Toroidal Engine Contract with “Medis Technologies” Modelling of the engine starting Thermodynamic cycle of engine

  17. 17 Experimental Modelling and NumericalSimulation of Fluid Flows in Power Equipment PIV - system Theory Experiment Furnace Е-160 T Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  18. 18 Numerical Simulation of Aerodynamics and Heat and Mass Transfer for the Boiler Furnace P-67 T V V Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  19. 19 Complex District Heat Plant Burning 40 000 Tones of Municipal Wastes Per Year ITPTeсhEnergoChemPromVNIPIET (MinAtom) Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  20. 20 Waste Processingin Thermal Plasma Purpose:utilization/incineration of solid municipal, medical,and other toxic wastes Characteristics: - high temperatures in reacting zones (up to 1600°С and above) - complete processing of the waste to the simple compounds - no need of waste pretreatment - no NOx emissions - substantially reduced costs of waste gases purification Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  21. 21 The Plasmatron With Molten-Metal Electrodes reagent’s supply reaction chamber • Advantages:- absence of expensive graphite electrodes;- reduced power consumption;- rapid melting process;- reduced noise of the furnace ;- improved ecology conditions;- substantially reduced content of alloying elements (Cr, W, Mo, Ti, Mn etc.) in remelting output ofthe synthesis gas powersupply molten metal electric arc Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  22. 22 The Transformer Plasmatron • Purpose:- Plasma chemical reactor (NOx synthesis from the air, production of the syngas from the natural gas etc.) • - Gas heater • Advantages: Long working lifetime due to the absence of electrodes. Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  23. 23 Induction Light Source Manufacturer: Novosibirsk Electro-Vacuum Plant Neon induction lamp Mercurial induction lamp Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  24. Producing of Hydrogen (SynGas) by 100 kW Induction Furnace 24 1 – Vortex chamber 2 – Syngas producing chamber 3 – Titan or stainless steel pipe (transformer’s secondary)4 – Heat exchanger5 – Heat insulation 6 – System of magnetic circuits 7 – Primary winding Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  25. 25 Plasma Non-Mazut Lighting of Coal-Fired Boilers • Advantages: - substitution of expensive fuels like mazut and natural gas • - reducing of the mechanical underburning of the fuel • - stabilization of the coal-dust flame combustion in the boilers • - reducing of the toxic gases emissions to the enviroment • Systems of plasma lighting of the boilers are put in commission in various coal-dust heat power plants both in Russia and abroad. ITP Sectoral Center of Plasma Chemical Technologies RAO EES RF at АО “Gousinoozersk Powerstation” Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  26. Jet Plasma-Chemical Method of Film Deposition 26 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  27. 27 Jet Plasma-Chemical Method of Film Deposition • amorphous silicon • polycrystalline silicon • crystalline silicon • Н2 • dimethyl ether • power saving covering for window glass Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  28. 28 Wet Cleaning Of Flue GasesBased On The Vortex Scrubbers Vortex scrubbers battery consists of 32 units Output rated for smoke fumes is Q - 400 000 m3/hr Hydraulic drag Р = 120...160 mm of water Specific irrigationq = 0,2...0,3 l/m3 Gas-purification effectiveness = 99% Is applied on Novosibirsk Heat Station 4 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  29. 29 The Vortex Mill • Technical characteristics:VersionindustriallaboratoryCapacity, kg/hr 100-300 5-15 • Air consumption, kg/hr 1500-3000 300-500 Air pressure, MPa 0,15...0,6 0,05-0,4 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  30. 30 Shock-wave Technologies for the Processing of Mineral Resources The sample of the pilot installation for the treatment of a gold placer The use of the shock-wave technology allows one to increase by 8-10 times the disintegration rate of the clay material at the solid-to-liquid ratio equal 1:1, and clay content up to 80%. At the same time the extraction of gold increases from 20-50% to 75-80%. Content of clay, % Time of treatment, min Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  31. 31 Carbon Nanotubes Growth in Hollow Cathode DC Discharge. Idea. Hollow cathode DC discharge or spherical stratified gas discharge at hydrocarbon atmosphere with levitating metal clusters. High ion and electron density in conjunction with negative charged catalysts particles provide high growth rate and size selectivity. Expected advantages. • Improved homogenity (size and chirality nanotube distribution function) • Purity of nanomaterial • Better control on the nanotube properties • Continuous process of the nanotubes production Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  32. Laser-Doppler Anemometer 2D-LDAABC 32 • Technical characteristicsRange of measured velocities, м/с   0,003 - 200Size of probing optical field, mm 0,05 х 1,0Measurement of particle concentration, particles/sup to 105Dimensions of optical-mechanical unit, mm 1300 х 550 х 420Mass of the optical-mechanical unitwith argon laser, kg 105 Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  33. 33 Rigid Viewing Tube Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  34. 34 1st Laboratory Prototype - General View Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  35. 35 Rigid Viewing Tube View of small detail objects obtained with rigid viewing tube Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  36. 36 Advantages • Low manufacturing cost. • Is slightly flexible • No need for disinfection. • High quality optics. • Simple PC image processing. • Easy connection to video camera Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS

  37. 37 ECOHOUSE Improvement of the life conditions Environment protection Reduction of the power inputs District building materials, simple technologies Solar energy supply, vegetable fuelsand otheralternative sources Processing of organic wastes and their utilization at the farmland Institute of Thermophysics SB RAS