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Using UDL Principles . by James Backer, Ph.D. Cambridge College With thanks to CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology). What is UDL?. Universal Design for Learning Its origins are in architecture and in Lev Vygotsky’s learning theory. Architect Ron Mace:.

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using udl principles

Using UDL Principles

by

James Backer, Ph.D.

Cambridge College

With thanks to

CAST

(Center for Applied Special Technology)

what is udl
What is UDL?
  • Universal Design for Learning
  • Its origins are in architecture and in Lev Vygotsky’s learning theory.
architect ron mace
Architect Ron Mace:
  • The Concept of Universal Design
  • “Consider the needs of the broadest possible range of users from the beginning”

(with permission)

consider the barriers
Consider the Barriers:
  • Access denied to people (including students) in wheel-chairs.
  • Access limited for people (including students) with lesser mobility problems
ron mace consider the needs of the broadest possible range of users from the beginning
Ron Mace: “Consider the needs of the broadest possible range of users from the beginning.”
  • Saves the time, money, effort, and ugliness of “retrofitting” a structure
  • Enables the designer to create the final project as elegantly as possible
unexpected benefits
Unexpected Benefits
  • Modifications designed for one group may often benefit other groups.
consider the barriers1
Consider the Barriers:
  • Access denied to people (including students) in wheel-chairs.
consider the solutions1
Unexpected solutions:

Bicycles

Walkers

Shopping carts

Etc.

Expected solution for people with wheel-chairs

Consider the Solutions:

curb-cut

cast center for applied special technology
CAST(Center for Applied Special Technology)
  • Applies concepts of Universal Design to education, using Vygotsky’s theories:
  • Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
vygotsky s three basic elements for learning
Vygotsky’s Three Basic Elements for Learning:
  • Recognition of patterns
  • Strategies for acting upon patterns
  • Engagement in task

(permission requested)

udl s extension of vygotsky
Recognition of patterns

Multiple representation of content, options for various recognition systems

UDL’s Extension of Vygotsky:
udl s extension of vygotsky1
Strategies for acting upon patterns

Multiple means of expression and control, supporting different strategic systems

UDL’s Extension of Vygotsky:
udl s extension of vygotsky2
Engagement in task

Multiple options of engagement, accessing various affective systems

UDL’s Extension of Vygotsky:
udl s extension of vygotsky3
Multiple representation of content, options for various recognition systems

Multiple means of expression and control, supporting different strategic systems

Multiple options of engagement, accessing various affective systems

UDL’s Extension of Vygotsky:
other udl principles
Other UDL Principles:
  • Careful consideration is given to the goals of instruction.
  • Teachers view students along continua of skill and style differences.
  • Teachers make thoughtful adjustments for learner differences.
  • Curriculum materials are flexible, varied, and diverse.
other udl principles1
Other UDL Principles:
  • Curricula, methods and materials designed to meet the needs of the broadest possible range of learners
  • Supports for diverse learners are built in from the start
  • Frequently more effective for all learners, even the “typically developing”.
legal requirements for accessibility in education
Legal Requirements for Accessibility in Education
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (1973)
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act – IDEA (1975)
  • Americans with Disabilities Act – ADA (1990)
fape free appropriate public education
FAPE: Free Appropriate Public Education
  • Section 504, the ADA, and the IDEA require schools to provide students with disabilities with a FAPE.
  • Vast number of accommodations and modifications for FAPE occurs in regular classroom, rather than in Special Education classrooms.
consider the barriers2
Consider the Barriers:
  • Books and other traditional curriculum delivery vehicles may actually be inaccessible to many students!
what else can you do with digital text
What else can you do with Digital Text?
  • Insert textual comments!!!
    • Definitions
    • Explanations
    • Guiding questions
    • Etc.
  • Insert Audio comments!!!
  • Insert visuals!!!
in ms word
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

in ms word1
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT - COMMENT

in ms word2
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT – COMMENT

Write in comment below

in ms word3
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT – COMMENT

Write in comment below

When finished, click on “Close” button

in ms word4
In MS WORD:

Later, mouse highlighted word

in ms word5
In MS WORD:

Later, mouse highlighted word

Get comment in text box

in ms word6
In MS WORD:

Now for audio:

Choose text with mouse

in ms word7
In MS WORD:

Now for audio:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT - COMMENT

in ms word8
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT – COMMENT

Click on Audio Tape icon

in ms word9
In MS WORD:

Record up to one minute of audio

in ms word10
In MS WORD:

Record up to one minute of audio

When finished, click on “close” button

in ms word11
In MS WORD:

To listen to comment, click on speaker icon.

in ms word12
In MS WORD:

Now for visuals:

Choose text with mouse

in ms word13
In MS WORD:

Now for audio:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT - COMMENT

in ms word14
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT – COMMENT

in ms word15
In MS WORD:

Choose text with mouse

INSERT – COMMENT / INSERT- IMAGE

Legally free image from

Barrysclipart.com

digital text
Flexible sizes, fonts, font colors, background colors

In WORD create comments

Pop-up text

Audio recordings

Add visuals in lower comment area

Get legally free Digital Text via

CAST eText Spider

http://www.cast.org/udl/index.cfm?i=1300

Text-To-Speech (T-T-S)

For a commercial Demo of voices: http://readplease.com/rpdemo.phtml

Digital Text
best educational t t s
Best Educational T-T-S:
  • CAST e-Reader
    • Flexible digital text
    • T-T-S (flexible highlighting)
    • Word processor: notes & copy-and-paste
    • Other educational functions
  • Cost:
    • $199 for a single copy
    • Combo discounts available
  • http://cast.org/udl/index.cfm?i=211
less expensive options
Less Expensive Options:
  • TextAloud reads any on-screen text aloud and/or saves it as an mp3 file. $24.95 for single programs, site licenses less expensive http://www.nextup.com/
  • ReadPlease is a free program for text copy-and-pasted to clipboard. http://readplease.com
  • HelpRead is a free program for “.txt” files. Poorer quality sound, but it’s free. http://helpread.com
some online offline strategies techniques that support udl
Some Online & Offline Strategies & Techniques that support UDL:
  • 4 Steps to Curriculum Modification
  • Apprenticeship Learning
  • Reciprocal Teaching

(Developed by Brown & Palincsar)

  • “Bobby”
4 steps for curriculum modification
4 Steps for Curriculum Modification
  • Select concepts and principles from text and obtain understanding of essential lesson components.
  • Prioritize key concepts and principles.
  • Develop graphic representations relating concepts and principles.
  • Create student note-taking sheets organized around identified concepts.
what is a concept
What is a “concept”?
  • A class of names, dates, objects, places, etc. that share common attributes or characteristics

Example: An element is made up of one kind of atom.

  • Beyond simple “facts”
  • Most standard textbooks do not include many concepts. They are heavy on simple facts.
what is a principle
What is a “principle”?
  • A consistent relationship among events, behaviors, or objects
  • Often stated as an if-then statement

Example: If a gas cools, it contracts.

  • Most standard textbooks do not include many principles. They are heavy on simple facts.
apprenticeship learning
Apprenticeship Learning
  • An approach that encompasses active models of skilled performance
  • Scaffolds to support the learner (providing help that is gradually removed)
  • Ample opportunities to practice
  • Ongoing, immediate and relevant feedback
  • Opportunities to demonstrate skill
reciprocal teaching brown palincsar
Reciprocal Teaching(Brown & Palincsar)
  • Teachers and pupils take turn teaching in small groups
    • Predict
    • Clarify
    • Pose Question
    • Summarize
  • Pupils learn to ask questions of themselves
bobby
Bobby
  • CAST Program that evaluates the accessibility of web pages
  • Free online (doesn’t work with passwords)
  • Onsite program:
    • $99 for single user
    • Combo discounts available
  • http://cast.org/bobby/
www cast org
WWW.CAST.ORG
  • CAST eReader
  • CAST eText Spider
  • “Bobby” – a free program that evaluates the accessibility of web pages
  • “Learning to Read in the Computer Age” – online version available
  • WiggleWorks: The Scholastic Beginning Literacy System
  • Book: “Teaching Every Student”
  • Other products