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The First Party System: Signature Features and Nomination Process. September 15, 2011. American “Party Systems”. 1 st 1790s-1824 Federalists vs. Dem-Reps 2 nd 1824-1860 Democrats vs. Whigs 3 rd 1860-1896 Democrats vs. Republicans 4 th 1896-1932 Democrats vs. Republicans

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american party systems
American “Party Systems”
  • 1st 1790s-1824 Federalists vs. Dem-Reps
  • 2nd 1824-1860 Democrats vs. Whigs
  • 3rd 1860-1896 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 4th 1896-1932 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 5th1932-1964/8 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 6th 1968-now Democrats vs. Republicans
why are the first party system s parties
Why are the first party system’s parties …
  • … a puzzle?
  • … a CAP solution?
  • … long coalitions?
  • … PIGs?
parties in congress
Parties in Congress
  • http://www.voteview.com/animate.htm
american party systems1
American “Party Systems”
  • 1st 1790s-1824 Federalists vs. Dem-Reps
    • Parties are PIGs only
    • Spread from Cabinet  Congress  States
    • Emergence of the “party press”
    • “King Caucus”
  • 2nd 1824-1860 Democrats vs. Whigs
  • 3rd 1860-1896 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 4th 1896-1932 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 5th1932-1964/8 Democrats vs. Republicans
  • 6th 1968-now Democrats vs. Republicans
the party press
The Party Press
  • Deliberately, overtly partisan newspaper networks

Boston Gazette (est. 1800)

Gazette of the United States (est. 1789)

john adams 1801
John Adams, 1801:
  • “If we had been blessed with common sense, we should not have been overthrown by Philip Freneau, Duane, Callender, Cooper, and Lyon, or their great patron and protector. A group of foreign liars encouraged by a few ambitious native gentlemen have discomfited the education, the talents, the virtues, and the prosperity of the country.”
king caucus
“King Caucus”
  • Presidential candidates were selected by legislative caucuses
  • Why was this system used?
  • What effects did it have?
    • 12th amendment
    • Candidate type
the end of the first party system
The End of the First Party System

Source: US House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, “House History” website, http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/index.html.

*Parties are listed as “pro-administration” and “anti-administration.”

**Parties are listed as “Adams” and “Jackson.”