4 Dream Theories. Freud ’ s Theory of Dreams Activation-Synthesis Theory Information-Processing Theory Neural Housekeeping Theory. 1. Freud ’ s Theory of Dreams. Dreams reflect a person ’ s unconscious wishes & urges People dream in symbols
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4 Dream Theories • Freud’s Theory of Dreams • Activation-Synthesis Theory • Information-Processing Theory • Neural Housekeeping Theory
1. Freud’s Theory of Dreams • Dreams reflect a person’s unconscious wishes & urges • People dream in symbols • Able to express unconscious wishes we find unacceptable in real life • Manifest Content (storyline/plot) • Latent Content (hidden/disguised meaning)
2. Activation-Synthesis Theory • Our Cerebral Cortex is trying to interpret random electrical activity we have while sleeping. • Side-effects of neurons firing • Why dreams make no sense • Biological theory
3. Information-Processing Theory • “Problem-Solving” • Way to deal with everyday life • Rehearse stressful situations • Tend to dream more when we are stressed
4. Neural Housekeeping Theory • Brain eliminating or strengthening neural connections. • Cleaning up brain files