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What is Nursing Research. A Brief Review. Research. A planned and systematic activity that leads to new knowledge and/or the discovery of solutions to problems or questions. Polit & Beck. Possible Designs. Non-experimental – Exploratory/Descriptive Correlational Quasi-experimental

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research
Research
  • A planned and systematic activity that leads to new knowledge and/or the discovery of solutions to problems or questions.

Polit & Beck

possible designs
Possible Designs
  • Non-experimental – Exploratory/Descriptive
  • Correlational
  • Quasi-experimental
  • Experimental
  • Phemenological
  • Grounded Theory
  • Ethnography
  • Historical
what s in a research article
What’s in a Research Article
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Review of Literature
  • Framework
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • References
nursing s evolvement as a science as well as an art
Nursing’s Evolvement as a Science as Well as an Art
  • Before 1900 – Nightingale and Crimea (1853-1856)
  • 1900-1929 – Focus on nursing education

(AJN 1900, ANA 1912,The Goldmark Report 1923, and Teacher’s College, Columbia University 1924)

  • 1930-1949 – WWII, The Brown Report
  • 1950-1959 – Focus on role of nurse and characteristics of nurses, development of nursing theory, Nursing Research 1952, CINL
  • 1960-69 – Focus on clinical problems and clinical outcomes, testing theory, International Journal of Nursing Research 1963.
nursing s evolvement as a science as well as an art1
Nursing’s Evolvement as a Science as Well as an Art
  • 1970-1979 – Increased focus on the application of research, Advances in Nursing Science 1978, Research in Nursing and Health 1978, Western Journal of Nursing Research 1979, CINL became CINAHL 1977
  • 1980-1989 – Research Utilization CURN Project, DRGs, National Center for Nursing Research 1986, CINAHL became electronic 1984, qualitative methods emerged
  • 1990-1999 - Goals for Healthy People 2000 stimulated research, NINR 1993, electronic databases, Internet, EBP
  • 2000-Present – Goals for health People 2010 and 2020.
nursing research priorities
Nursing Research Priorities
  • Bioterrorism Chronic Illness
  • Culture/Ethnicity End of Life Care
  • Genetics Gerontology
  • HC Delivery Health Disparities
  • Health Promotion HIV/AIDS
  • Pandemics/Disaster Mental Health
  • Informatics Quality Care/Outcomes
  • Med. Adm. Safety Sx Management
types of research
Types of Research
  • Descriptive
  • Explanatory
  • Predictive
  • Controlled
  • Basic/Applied
  • Quantitative
  • Qualitative
evidence
Evidence
  • Empirical
  • Deductive
  • Inductive