بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم. Session Two. Islamic Belief [in Allah] In the Light of the Qur’an and the Sunnah. العقيدة الاسلامية في ضوء القرآن والسنة. They did to Islam what Paul did to the teachings of Isa Separated deeds from belief
Islamic Belief [in Allah]
In the Light of the Qur’an and the Sunnah
Separated deeds from belief
They said: “Sin does no harm as long as the individual believes.”
Islam: Deeds are part of iman – it increases with good deeds and decreases with bad deeds.Another Major Deviation – Al-Murji’a
And, it caused killing and separation among the Muslims.
The way of the Murji’a removed the motivation for good deeds and obedience.
It causes Islam – individual and collective – to disintegrate.
Islam: The iman of those who sin is imperfect, but they are still among the Muslims and their judgment is up to Allah in the hereafter.
Unless that sin itself constitutes kufr.Two extremes both wrong
Empirical and reason the only sources of knowledge
So-called ‘ilm al-kalaam followed their precepts and methodology.
Islam: call to worship Allah alone is the starting point
Knowledge of Allah is the foundation of all knowledge
Not mere affirmation, but worship and submissionMethodology
Philosophy, based on the human mind exclusively is often self-aware of shortcomings
Fundamental truths – whose source is the Creator – in no need of “re-examination”
Sensory vs. certain knowledge
Purpose: philosophy->knowledge; aqeedah->imaan.Impact
‘Aqeedah addresses all aspects of human experience. self-aware of shortcomings
Evokes understanding of universal realities which cannot be put into words
Philosophy attempts to capture universal realities – beyond human comprehension into words and terms.
‘Aqeedah should never be approached this wayStyle
Both use physical signs to indicate Allah’s Oneness self-aware of shortcomings
Qur’an avoids universal analogies which put Creator and creation on the same level.
Many philosophical arguments are weak leading to rejection of truth
Some of them reject truth directlyDeduction
Learning what is in the Qur’an increases iman self-aware of shortcomings
Islam is complete and perfect and in no need of being “reconciled” with anything else.
All else is either falsehood or a mix of truth and falsehood
Islam did not come to be ruled by peoples’ ideas but rather to correct and direct those ideas.Results – No meeting point
Men of ‘Aqeedah can deal with what ails this Ummah, philosophy cannot
The difference between holding an opinion and believing in something.
Evidence led to the Creator; His message not subject to evidence after that.What is needed