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Maryland School Mental Health Alliance. MSMHA. School Mental Health Integration Grant. Introductions. Milt McKenna Maryland State Department of Education Nancy Lever, Mark Weist University of Maryland, Center for School Mental Health Analysis and Action Catherine Bradshaw

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Maryland School Mental Health Alliance


School Mental Health Integration Grant

  • Milt McKenna
    • Maryland State Department of Education
  • Nancy Lever, Mark Weist
    • University of Maryland, Center for School Mental Health Analysis and Action
  • Catherine Bradshaw
    • Johns Hopkins University
  • Susan Tager
    • Maryland Coalition of Families for Children’s Mental Health

Call for proposals April 2005 from the U.S. Department of Education (Grant Due in mid May!)

“Grants for the Integration of Schools and Mental Health Systems will provide funds to increase student access to high-quality mental health care by developing innovative approaches that link school systems with the local mental health system.”

  • Commitment from key local, state, and national partners to collaborate and form an Alliance to advance school-mental health system integration in Maryland
  • Strong support for children’s mental health and school mental health in the state
  • A strong PBIS structure within the state and an interest in enhancing mental health support and resources for red and yellow zone youth
  • Notified of award in September 2005

1 of 20 funded projects (84 total applicants)

maryland school mental health alliance msmha
Maryland School Mental Health Alliance (MSMHA)
  • Maryland State Department of Education
  • Center for School Mental Health Analysis and Action - University of Maryland
  • Center for Prevention and Early Intervention - Johns Hopkins University
  • Governor’s Office for Children
  • Maryland Assembly on School-Based Health Care
  • Maryland Coalition of Families for Children’s Mental Health
  • Maryland Department of Juvenile Services
  • Mental Hygiene Administration Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
  • Mental Health Association of Maryland
primary grant objectives
Primary Grant Objectives

1. To further build a systematic state initiative for school mental health (SMH)

2. To improve outcomes related to red and yellow zone youth in PBIS schools through:

  • Helping school staff to better identify and refer students who could benefit from mental health services
  • Enhancing mechanisms for effective communication between schools and the mental health system to help better integrate quality mental health care for students
  • Developing training and resources to assist school staff with creating environments that support academic, social, and emotional learning for children with more intensive mental health needs
key structural components
Key Structural Components

1 Management Team

1 Advisory Board

5 Counties (Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Harford, St. Mary’s, Washington)

5 County Integration Teams

15 PBIS Schools (3/County) and Demonstration Teams


Responsible for pursing improved school-mental health system integration in their county through:

  • Active communication
  • Needs assessment
  • Resource sharing
  • Problem solving
demonstration project
Demonstration Project
  • Presents an opportunity for three schools in each of the five counties to do a very strong assessment of school mental health programming
  • Based on this assessment, the team will implement a quality assessment and improvement process from February 2006 to December 2007
demonstration team
Demonstration Team

Based on discussions, the team will identify

  • 2-3 indicators for best practice that will be the focus for improvement over the next year
  • 1 or 2 pressing emotional-behavioral problems (ADHD, Disruptive Behavior Disorder, Depression, or Anxiety) for the demonstration team members to receive skill training on best practice related to the disorder
  • 2-3 strategies to improve coordination and linkages between schools and mental health systems
university of maryland csmha
University of Maryland CSMHA
  • Established in 1995, one of two national centers focused on the advancement of training, practice, research and policy in SMH
  • Funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration, with co-funding from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  • [email protected],
  • (410) 706-0980
csmha support
CSMHA Support
  • Sharing of diverse resources developed through 10 year history as a national center, and intensive resources related to quality assessment and improvement and evidence-based practice from an NIMH funded research study
  • Technical Assistance (by phone and email and time and resource permitting in person)
  • Linkages to local, state, and national leaders, resources and initiatives in SMH
maryland coalition of families for children s mental health
Maryland Coalition of Families for Children’s Mental Health
  • Our Coalition is dedicated to:- Improving services for children with mental health needs and their families- Building a network of information and support for families across Maryland
family participation and leadership
Family Participation and Leadership
  • Families as equal partners at all levels of the project, (planning, implementation, evaluation, management, and continuous improvement)
  • Training, oversight, and resource development facilitated by the Maryland Coalition of Families for Children’s Mental Health
  • Major goal to empower family members to become effective advocates for children’s mental health and improve their linkages to and true collaboration with schools
benefits of this project
Benefits of This Project
  • Further build a systematic initiative for SMH in MD
  • Enhanced focus on helping red and yellow zone youth
  • A voice in enhancing mental health integration into PBIS at the county, state, and national levels
  • Meaningful family partnerships and training and resources for families
  • Improved linkages between families, schools and mental health systems
  • Improved outcomes for students (we hope)
benefits cont
Benefits (cont.)
  • Training for PBIS coaches/leaders on helping school staff and families understand mental health issues in youth and promote mental health for red and yellow zone youth
  • Website with key information about mental health for families, teachers, and providers (
  • Newsletter highlighting the project and key mental health initiatives in the state
pbis needs assessment overview
PBIS Needs Assessment: Overview
  • Purpose
    • To determine training needs of PBIS teams
  • Conducted by Leadership Team
    • 2005 Summer Institute for Returning Teams
  • High Response Rate
    • 524 respondents = 87%
respondent characteristics
Respondent Characteristics
  • Role in school
    • 27% Team leaders
    • 17% Coaches
    • 16% Administrators
  • Type of school
    • 50% Elementary
    • 29% Middle
    • 9% High
    • 5% Alternative/Special
summary of needs assessment findings
Summary of Needs Assessment Findings
  • School-Wide PBIS
    • Maintaining momentum among school staff (57%) and team members (45%)
  • Secondary Programs
    • Intensive for red (62%)
    • Targeted for yellow (54%)
    • Implementing an FBA plan (57%)
  • External Collaboration
    • Family involvement (70%)
    • Community mental health (38%)
    • Department of Social Services (37%)
    • Department of Juvenile Justice (36%)
significant growth of school mental health in the united states
Significant Growth of School Mental Health in the United States
  • Unprecedented access, helps achieve valued outcomes when done well
  • Strong federal support, and increasing numbers of strong initiatives in states and communities
  • Two major forces: PBIS, and Expanded School Mental Health (ESMH) programs
  • Increasing efforts to connect PBIS and ESMH together
an oversimplification
An Oversimplification
  • Schools with strong PBIS often struggle with problems presented by youth in yellow and red zones
  • Schools with ESMH often struggle to develop school-wide efforts to promote positive behavior and mental health
  • Connecting ESMH and PBIS will lead to a full continuum of effective services across the green, yellow, and red zones
  • Related to MD’s leadership in ESMH and PBIS, and this grant, there is a significant opportunity to make this connection
expanded school mental health esmh
Expanded School Mental Health (ESMH):
  • Programs join families, schools, mental health and other community systems
  • To develop a full array of effective programs and services that improve the school environment, reduce barriers to learning, and provide prevention, early intervention and treatment
  • for youth in general and special education
enhancing quality in expanded school mental health
“Enhancing Quality in Expanded School Mental Health”
  • Three year, three state (Delaware, Maryland, Texas) study seeking to implement and evaluate a framework for systematic quality assessment and improvement in school mental health
  • Funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (2003-2006)
principles for best practice in expanded school mental health
Principles for Best Practice in Expanded School Mental Health
  • 1) All youth and families are able to access appropriate care regardless of their ability to pay
  • 2) Programs are implemented to address needs and strengthen assets for students, families, schools, and communities
  • 3) Programs and services focus on reducing barriers to development and learning, are student and family friendly, and are based on evidence of positive impact
principles cont
Principles (cont.)
  • 4) Students, families, teachers and other important groups are actively involved in the program's development, oversight, evaluation, and continuous improvement
  • 5) Quality assessment and improvement activities continually guide and provide feedback to the program
  • 6) A continuum of care is provided, including school-wide mental health promotion, early intervention, and treatment
principles cont1
Principles (cont.)
  • 7) Staff hold to high ethical standards, are committed to children, adolescents, and families, and display an energetic, flexible, responsive and proactive style in delivering services
  • 8) Staff are respectful of, and competently address developmental, cultural, and personal differences among students, families and staff
principles cont2
Principles (cont.)
  • 9) Staff build and maintain strong relationships with other mental health and health providers and educators in the school, and a theme of interdisciplinary collaboration characterizes all efforts
  • 10) Mental health programs in the school are coordinated with related programs in other community settings
four critical themes in school mental health intervention
Four Critical Themes in School Mental Health Intervention
  • Establish and maintain strong relationships, especially with families
  • Reduce, help to buffer stress and risk
  • Enhance protective and resilience factors
  • Train in evidence-based skills
addressable stress risk factors
Addressable Stress/Risk Factors
  • Family Level
    • Abuse and neglect
    • Criminal behavior
    • Substance abuse
    • Family isolation
    • Overcrowding
    • Emotional/behavioral problems in family members
    • Morbidity and mortality in family members
addressable protective factors
Addressable Protective Factors
  • Family level
    • Support and nurturance
    • Rituals and routines
    • Self-control displayed and modeled by family members
    • Healthy behaviors by family members
Top Evidence-Based Practices
  • Parent praise
  • Cognitive coping
  • Parent psycho-education
  • Modeling
  • Problem solving
  • Skill building/behavioral rehearsal
  • Maintenance/relapse prevention
  • Tangible rewards
See. Bruce Chorpita, and Evidence Based Services Committee (2004). Biennial report: Summary of effective interventions for youth with behavioral and emotional needs. Hawaii Department of Health, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Division.
building a community of practice in smh
Building a Community of Practice in SMH
  • CSMHA and IDEA Partnership ( providing support
  • 60 professional organizations and 10 states
  • 10 practice groups
  • Providing mutual support, opportunities for dialogue and collaboration
  • Advancing “multiscale learning systems”
10 practice groups
10 Practice Groups
  • Mental Health-Education Integration
  • Developing a Common Language
  • Connecting Education and Systems of Care
  • Connecting SMH and Positive Behavior Support
  • Improving SMH for Youth with Disabilities
10 practice groups cont
10 Practice Groups (cont.)
  • SMH, Juvenile Justice and Dropout Prevention
  • Family Partnerships
  • Youth Involvement and Leadership
  • Faith-Community Partnerships
  • Quality and Evidence-Based Practice

To help Ohio’s school districts, community-based agencies, and families work together to achieve improved educational and developmental outcomes for all children — especially those at emotional or behavioral risk and those with mental health problems.

csmha annual conferences on advancing school mental health
Baltimore, 1996

New Orleans, 1997

Virginia Beach, 1998

Denver, 1999

Atlanta, 2000

Portland, 2001*

Philadelphia, 2002

Portland, 2003

Dallas, 2004

Cleveland, 2005

Baltimore, 2006

*the 2001 conference was cancelled related to the events of September 11

CSMHA Annual Conferences on Advancing School Mental Health
school health interdisciplinary program ship
School Health Interdisciplinary Program (SHIP)
  • Organized by the CSMHA with leadership of MSDE, MHA and most child serving systems in MD
  • Many other state collaborators
  • Intensive, interdisciplinary training reflecting the coordinated school health model
  • Held every summer in Maryland since 2002
pbis leaders embrace the connection to esmh
PBIS Leaders Embrace the Connection to ESMH
  • George Sugai presented at CSMHA conferences in Maryland in 2003 (SHIP) and in Dallas (as keynote) in 2004
  • Lucille Eber is likely to be a keynote for the 11th Annual Conference on Advancing SMH
  • Drs. Sugai and Eber will be active in the PBIS Practice Group, and with a number of people from this project will meet in Chicago in February to move the group forward
unprecedented state and national resources and initiatives in md
UM, Quality R01


JHU, Center for EBP

JHU, Center for Viol Pr

MSDE, MH-School Int.

GOC, Transformation



GOC, Innovations Inst.




Unprecedented State and National Resources and Initiatives in MD
an unprecedented time to link this work together
An Unprecedented Time to Link this Work Together
  • And advance PBIS and school mental health in Maryland, as we show national leadership in building integrated approaches that address academic and nonacademic barriers to student learning
mental health and pbis
Mental Health and PBIS

What are the most pressing mental health concerns in your schools?

What is currently available for red, yellow and green zone youth?

What is needed for red, yellow and green zone youth?