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Hazards of Industrial Agriculture. Key: AWL to Study , Low-frequency Vocabulary. What are the hazards of industrial agriculture?. Organic Farming: A Growing Trend. Consumer demand for organic farming is rising at 20% per year. The highest growth is in Argentina, US, and China.

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hazards of industrial agriculture

Hazards of Industrial Agriculture

Key: AWL to Study, Low-frequency Vocabulary

What are the hazards of industrial agriculture?

organic farming a growing trend
Organic Farming: A Growing Trend
  • Consumer demand for organic farming is rising at 20% per year.
  • The highest growth is in Argentina, US, and China.
  • People are growing consciousof adverse effects of industrial agriculture,

where there is a focus on

maximizing profits

at the expense of health

and the environment.

How do you think industrial agriculture contributes to global warming and water pollution?

health risks industrial methods
Health Risks: Industrial Methods
  • Pesticide residues on produce
    • remain after washing and peeling.
    • have links to cancer.
  • Antibiotics we ingest
    • from plant and animal sources
    • lead to the development of untreatable


Do you worry about pesticide residues on or antibiotics in your food? Explain.

additional health risks
Additional Health Risks
  • Plant and animal growth hormones
    • disruptendocrinesystem.
    • lead to early puberty.
  • Biological engineering
    • Unregulated items are

virtually invisible in stores.

    • Manipulation of

genetic code could

impact health.

How do you think genetically modified food might impact your health?

environmental hazards
Environmental Hazards
  • Environmental hazards comprise air pollution, global warming, and other problems.
  • Synthetic fertilizers
    • largest source of nitrous oxide


    • 300 times more toxic than carbon

dioxide gases

    • will affect air pollution and intensify

global warming if continued

Are you concerned about air pollution in your country? Why or why not?

authorities on water pollution
Authoritieson Water Pollution
  • Animal waste, fertilizers, and pesticidesleachinto soil.
    • They run off through irrigation and contaminate ground water (large portion of water supply).
    • They contain nitrates, which cause permanent damage to ground water.

Are you concerned about water pollution in your country? Why or why not?

dead zones in oceans
Dead Zones in Oceans
  • Preponderance of nitrogen in fertilizers
    • helps crops grow; harms oceans
    • generates algal overgrowth
  • Algal overgrowth
    • depletes oxygen

in water

    • no plant or animal

can survive

unsustainable soil
Unsustainable Soil
  • Industrial mono-cropping: one crop is planted repeatedly on a single field.
    • The process relies on the use of synthetic fertilizers.
    • Mono-cropping kills microorganisms needed to produce soil nutrients.
    • Infertile soil leads to erosion,

unsustainable farmlands,

and reduced biodiversity.

If mono-cropping is destroying farmlands and biodiversity, what is the alternative?

vicious cycle
Vicious Cycle
  • Soil infertility leads to a vicious cycle

of fertilizer use.

    • Increasing fertilizer use leads to

environmental hazards.

  • Increased use of pesticides
    • Only the fittest pests survive.
    • Stronger pesticides are then needed.

What are the environmental hazards associated with the use of pesticides?

organic farming
Organic Farming
  • Organic farming prohibits

the use of synthetic fertilizers

and pesticides, hormones,

antibiotics, and genetically

modified organisms.

  • It ensures soil sustainability

and overall quality.

What are the advantages of eating organic food?

crop rotation
Crop Rotation
  • Holisticfarming techniques
    • infusesoil with essential nutrients.
    • ensure different crops are planted every year.
    • vary the nutrient demand in soil.
    • create sustainable soil.

How does organic farming affect soil?

animal welfare
Animal Welfare
  • Small-scale organic farms are
    • less likely to confine livestock

to small spaces.

    • against the use of antibiotics.
  • Free-range farms
    • allow animals to roam freely.
    • reduce stress and susceptibility

to disease.

How do you feel about confining animals to small spaces in order to produce food?