Penguins are birds that cannot fly. Their bones are heavy and their flippers are thin. They love to eat fish, squid, and krill.
All penguins have 3 layers of short feathers, a layer of fat called blubber, webbed feet, and stiff flippers. They have oil in their outer layer of feathers to help keep them warm.
The penguins’ black and white coloring is difficult to see in the water, which helps to protect them from enemies when swimming. Their enemies are leopard seals and killer whales.
Penguins are excellent swimmers. They spend as much as 80% of their lives in the water. This penguin is “porpoising”, which allows him to breathe without slowing his swimming speed.
Penguins can also travel great distances on ice and snow by tobogganing on their stomachs and paddling with their wings.
Equator Equator Galapagos Southern Hemisphere There are 17 different kinds of penguins. All penguins live in the southern hemisphere, which means south of the Equator. The Galapagos penguins live the farthest north.
Types of Penguins Adelie, Rockhopper, Gentoo, Emperor, King, Macaroni, Little Blue, Chinstrap, Fiordland, Royal, Snares, Erect-Crested, African, Yellow-Eyed, Galapagos, Humbolt, and Magellanic
Australia New Zealand The smallest penguin species is called, “ Little Blue” or “Fairy”. Little Blue penguins live on the southern coasts of Australia and New Zealand.
South America This is a colony of King Penguins. They are the second largest type of penguin. They are about 3 feet tall. They live on an island off the southern tip of South America.
Emperor penguins are the largest of the 17 species of penguins. They live in the snow, ice, and freezing temperatures of the Antarctic. Emperors clump together in huge, huddled masses. They take turns moving to the inside of the group. There they are protected from icy cold temperatures and wind. Once they’ve had a chance to warm up, they take their turns back on the circle’s edges, giving fellow penguins time in the warmer center.
Penguins are very social and like to gather in large, noisy groups at breeding time, called rookeries. These are thousands of Emperor penguins in Antarctica.
Once the penguin chicks are born, both parents take turns caring for their young. The chick sits on the feet of the parent and gets warmth from the parent’s body. Also many penguins have a flap which can cover the baby like a blanket.
Penguins are such fun and interesting animals! I hope you had fun learning about them!
Let’s see how much you’ve learned about penguins! Click on this website to take 2 quizzes! http://www.siec.k12.in.us/~west/proj/penguins/quiz.html When you are done with the first quiz, go to the bottom of the page and click “Next” for the second quiz. Good luck!