Objective 3.2 • Differentiate the signs, symptoms, and consequences of common eating disorders from more healthy eating behaviors.
Normal Eating • Being able to eat when you are hungry and continue eating until you are satisfied. • Three meals a day most of the time but it can also be choosing to munch along. • Takes up some of you time and attention but keeps its place as only one important area of your life.
Normal Eating • It varies in response to your emotions, your schedule, your hunger, and your proximity to food.
Eating Disorder • Anorexia • Bulimia • Binge Eating Disorder
Anorexia • Denies feeling hungry; self-starvation • Obsession with food • Exercises Excessively (hours per day) • Very thin, but feels fat • Often has depression, anxiety
Bulimia • Binge (eats huge amounts of food in short period of time) and purge (vomiting, laxatives, and diuretics) • Has excuses to go to the bathroom immediately after meals • Weight often normal
Binge Eating Disorder • Usually binges alone and cannot stop when full; eats large amounts of food even when not hungry. • Feels out of control and then depressed, guilty, or disgusted • Gains weight excessively; often overweight
Causes of Eating Disorders • Starts about 11-14 years old • Low self-esteem • Sports the emphasize weight (dance/gymnastics) • Media Pressure to be thin; attractive
Effects of Eating Disorders • Anorexia • Loss of menstrual cycle • Heart damage • Hair loss • Headaches, dizziness • Depression • Without treatment, can cause death • Bulimia • Tooth decay • Swollen glands in face (chipmunk face) • Stomach pain
Effects of Eating Disorders • Binge Eating Disorder • Overweight • Breathing and sleep difficulties ALL CAUSE WITHDRAWAL AND DEPRESSION
How to Find Help • Ask your school counselor or someone you trust • Eating disorder hotlines • Talk to your doctor