situating genesis in the hebrew bible • TaNaK • T - torah • N- neviʾim (prophets) • K- kethuvim (writings)
genesis 12:1-3 1-1112-50
genesis 12:1-3 1-1112-50
genesis • chaps. 1-11: primeval history
genesis 1:1 • In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
genesis 1:2 • Now the earth was ṯōhû wāḇōhû, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and ruaḥ ʾӗlōhîm was hovering over the surface of the waters.
ṯōhû wāḇōhû • LXX: ἀόρατοσ καὶ ἀκατασκεύαστος • NETS: invisible and unformed • KJV: without form, and void • NASB: formless and void • NEB: without shape and empty • NIV: formless and empty • NRSV: a formless void • Message: a soup of nothingness, a bottomless emptiness
ṯōhû wāḇōhû • Everett Fox: wild and waste
genesis 1:3-5 • And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw the light: that it was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening, and there was morning: day one.
genesis 1:6-8 • And God said, “Let there be a rāqîaʿin the midst of the waters, and let it separate waters from waters.” And God made the rāqîaʿ, and He separated the waters that were below the rāqîaʿ, from the waters that were above the rāqîaʿ. And God called the rāqîaʿ Heaven. And there was evening, and there was morning: day two.
genesis 1:6 • And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters . . . (KJV). • Then God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters . . . ” (NASB). • And God said, “Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters . . . ” (NRSV). • And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters . . . ” (NIV). • Then God said, “Let there be a space between the waters . . . ” (NLT). • God spoke, “Sky! In the middle of the waters . . . ” (The Message).
genesis 2:1-4a • Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, with all of their array. God had finished on the seventh day, his work which he made, and he ceased (šḇṯ) on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day and he hallowed it, for on it he ceased (šḇṯ) from all his work which God created by doing.
genesis 2:1-4a • These are the begettings of the heavens and the earth when they were created.
exodus 20:11 • For six days YHWH made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is it, and he rested on the seventh day. Therefore, YHWH blessed the day of the Sabbath, and he hallowed it.
isaiah 66:1-2 (NASB) • Thus says the LORD, “Heaven is My throne and the earth is My footstool. Where then is a house you could build for Me? And where is a place that I may rest? For My hand made all these things, Thus all these things came into being,” declares the LORD.
psalm 132:7-8 (NASB) • Let us go into His dwelling place; • Let us worship at His footstool. • Arise, O LORD, to Your resting place, • You and the ark of Your strength.
psalm 132:13-14 • For the LORD has chosen Zion; • He has desired it for His habitation. • “This is My resting place forever; • Here I will dwell, for I have desired it.”
the number seven, creation, and the tabernacle/temple • tabernacle: “the LORD said to Moses” occurs seven times. the first six concern building the tabernacle (Exod. 25:1; 30:11, 17, 22, 34; 31:1), and the final is a command to observe the sabbath (31:12). • it took seven years to build the temple (1 kings 6:37-38). • the temple was dedicated during Sukkot, which occurs in the seventh month, and lasts seven days (1 kings 8:2; cf. deut. 16:13-15). • temple dedication + seven day feast + another seven-day feast (1 kings 8:65; 2 chron. 7:9)
Day 1 (1:3-5) -Light / Darkness -“Day” / “Night” Day 4 (1:14-19) -Lights -“Greater” / “Lesser” -role: rule and distinguish Day 2 (1:6-8) -raqia (Dome) -“Heavens” Day 5 (1:20-23) -Sea creatures -Winged creatures -Blessing: fill creation Day 3 (1:9-13) -Dry Land -“Earth” / “Seas” -Vegetation Day 6 (1:24-31) -Land animals -Humans -Blessing: fill and subdue -Provision of food (vegetation) Day 7 (2:1-3) -God ceases from His work -Seventh day is blessed and consecrated
genesis 2 • a focus on the creation of humans • אדמה → אדם • God’s breath + the ground (v. 7) • work the ground • eden • harmony: humans and animals • trees: life and knowledge of good and evil • marriage
genesis 3 • serpent: crafty (ערום) • where did evil come from? • believing lies • a different world • 3:15 • pricker bushes
genesis 4 • it spreads quickly • brothers killing brothers • um, cain got married? to who?!
genesis 4:19-24 (NASB) • Lamech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other, Zillah. Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe. As for Zillah, she also gave birth to Tubal-cain, the forger of all implements of bronze and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
genesis 4:19-24 (NASB) • Lamech said to his wives, • “Adah and Zillah, Listen to my voice, • You wives of Lamech, • Give heed to my speech, • For I have killed a man for wounding me; And a boy for striking me; • If Cain is avenged sevenfold, • Then Lamech seventy-sevenfold.”
genesis 7:11 (ESV) • In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.