Een typologie van negatie in optimaliteitstheorie. Henri ëtte de Swart Frans/UiL-OTS, Utrecht. Expressing negation. Natural languages: ways to express negation/denial : not . First-order propositional connective Natural languages: negative indefinites , nobody .
Henriëtte de Swart
Not came Pedro.
‘It doesn’t rain.’
I have not immediately something bought.
No one has something to someone said.
A: What did you see? B: nothing.
Not came nobody.
Nobody looked at nobody.
MaxNeg >> *Neg >> IntNeg
‘Mark negative variables’
IntNeg >> *Neg >> MaxNeg
‘Fully compositional meaning’
Maria not has talked to nobody.
Relevant for production only!
The Peter SN has done nothing.
Nobody (SN) has seen John.
He NE comes not. He NE says nothing.
None of the students not is come.
= None of the students hasn’t come.
Research team: Petra Hendriks, Gerlof Bouma (Groningen), Helen de Hoop, Irene Krämer (Nijmegen), Henriëtte de Swart, Joost Zwarts (Utrecht)Conflicts in interpretation