Model driven instructional engineering to generate adaptable learning materials
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Model-Driven Instructional Engineering to Generate Adaptable Learning Materials. Juan Manuel Dodero Universidad Carlos III de Madrid [ICALT 2006, ADALE Workshop]. Introduction. Objective Analyze model-driven software engineering approach for… Customizing high-level generation of LDs

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Model driven instructional engineering to generate adaptable learning materials

Model-Driven Instructional Engineering to Generate Adaptable Learning Materials

Juan Manuel Dodero

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

[ICALT 2006, ADALE Workshop]


Introduction
Introduction

  • Objective

    • Analyze model-driven software engineering approach for…

      • Customizing high-level generation of LDs

      • Adapting LDs

  • Agenda

    • Related work

      • Systematic Instructional Design

      • Instructional Engineering

    • Issues

    • Exploring Model-Driven approach

    • Conclusions


Systematic instructional design
Systematic Instructional Design

  • Instructional Design and Technology (IDT)

    • “IDT encloses the analysis of learning problems, as well as design, development, assessment and management of processes and resources intended to improve learning. IDT professionals often use systematic ID procedures and employ a variety of instructional media to accomplish their goals” [Reiser & Dempsey, 2002]

  • Related work on systematic IDT

    • R.D. Tennyson, A. E. Barro (1995): Automating instructional design: Computer-based development and delivery tools, Springer, 1995.

    • Paquette et al. (1999): MISA: A knowledge-based method for the engineering of learning systems. Journal of Courseware Engineering, 2.

    • R. A. Reiser, J. V. Dempsey (2002): Trends and issues in instructional design and technology, Merrill/Prentice Hall.

    • Sloep, Hummel & Manderveld (2005): Basic Design Procedures for E-learning Courses, in Koper & Tattersall (Eds.) Learning Design.


Instructional engineering ie
Instructional Engineering (IE)

  • Definition of IE:

    • “A method that supports the analysis, the design and the delivery of a learning system, integrating the concepts, the processes and the principles of instructional design, software engineering and cognitive engineering” [Paquette, 2002]

  • Related work

    • CEM method  L. Uden: “An engineering approach for online learning”, Journal of Distance Engineering Education, 1(1)

    • MISA Method  Paquette et al. (2005): An Instructional Engineering Method and Tool for the Design of Units of Learning, in Koper & Tattersall (Eds.) Learning Design

    • CPM profile  Nodenot et al. (2003): A UML profile incorporating separate viewpoints when modeling co-operative learning situations, Int. Conf. on Information Technology: Research and Education.


Some ie issues
Some IE Issues

  • Issue 1: Different models

    • Different roles provide design specifications pertaining to different models

  • Issue 2: Different levels of abstraction

    • Any role can provide design specifications with different levels of abstraction

  • Issue 3: Different contexts

    • Learning objects and services are useful for specific learning contexts (they are not instructionally universal)

  • Issue 4: Different concerns

    • Pedagogy is the same, but learning topic is different

    • Learning topic is the same, but pedagogy is different


Exploring mda
Exploring MDA…

mappings and

transforms

CIM:Computation-Independent Model

PIM:Platform-Independent Model

PSM:Platform-Specific Model



Model driven ie
Model-Driven IE

CIM:Computation-Independent Model

Pedagogical model

Navigation

Security

Etc.

PIM:Platform-Independent Model

E-learning model

IMS LD

Etc.

SCORM

PSM:Platform-Specific Model

LMS-specific


Mdie current approaches
MDIE: current approaches

  • Adaptive hypermedia (applied to e-learning scenario)

    • S. Ceri, P. Dolog, M. Matera & W. Nejdl (2004): Model-driven design of Web Applications with Client-Side Adaptation, ICWE’04.

  • PSM level

    • Grob, Bensberg, & Dewanto (2005): Model Driven Architecture (MDA): Integration and Model Reuse for Open Source eLearning Platforms, e-Learning and Education Journal, 1, feb 2005.

    • Wang & Zhang (2003), “MDA-based Development of E-Learning System”, ICSA’03

  • PIM level

    • Nodenot et al. (2004): Model-based Engineering of Learning Situations for Adaptive Web Based Educational Systems, Proc. of WWW’04 Conference, New York, USA.

  • Upper levels…

    • Díez et al. (2006): Towards An Effective Instructional Engineering Analysis Method, Proc. of EC-TEL’06, Crete, Greece.




Conclusion
Conclusion

“The machine has been delegated a problem which is and remains primarily a teaching problem“, interview with Prof. R. Maragliano, elearningeuropa.info, 23 Aug 2004.

  • MD instructional engineering

    • It is not about (fully) automated instructional design

    • It deals with different levels of automation

  • Model-driven considers…

    • different levels of abstraction of specifications

    • different models/domains

    • separate context-specific issues

    • separate pedagogical issues