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Disasters and the Freight Network. Eric Fuller Vice President of Xpress Direct. Xpress Direct. Expedited Solutions Provider Last minute freight solutions Provide capacity at anytime Special Projects Disaster Recovery Holiday Surge Projects Special Equipment Needs

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disasters and the freight network

Disasters and the Freight Network

Eric Fuller

Vice President of Xpress Direct

xpress direct
Xpress Direct
  • Expedited Solutions Provider
    • Last minute freight solutions
    • Provide capacity at anytime
    • Special Projects
      • Disaster Recovery
      • Holiday Surge Projects
    • Special Equipment Needs
    • 5,600 Company Tractors and 20,000+ from other carriers
disaster experience
Disaster Experience
  • Hurricane recovery since 2003
  • Pulled over 5,600 disaster recovery loads in 2005 for govt agencies
  • Sub-contractor to a number of direct contractors for FEMA, FAA, DOT, and State Govts
  • Pulled over 2,300 loads for disaster recovery for private sector
issues faced during disasters
Issues Faced During Disasters
  • Disruption of normal freight network
  • Communication Issues
  • Safety/Infrastructure
  • Disaster recovery
disruption of freight network
Disruption of freight network
  • August through November is the busy freight season and is the busy portion of the hurricane season
  • 16,000 loads for govt hurricane relief in 2005
  • Very little excess capacity nationwide during hurricane
  • Carriers and shippers greatly increase rail usage during disasters
communications issues
Communications Issues
  • Wireless networks down for as much as a few weeks at a time
  • Satellite communication is spotty due to government taking bandwith from the private sector
safety infrastructure
  • Lack of information on bridge and road outage
    • Info does not get to right people
    • Internet listings a possible solution
      • List approved routes and not just a list of roads
  • Most shipments of water from 50,000 to 60,000 lbs
    • No info on weight limits for bridges and lightly damaged highways
safety infrastructure1
  • Many trucking companies in hurricane damaged area w/o power and phones for weeks at a time despite their help in the relief effort
    • Need for a way to apply for priority in restoration of services
  • Scarcity of fuel
    • Trucks idling for a week run low on fuel with few places to refuel
disaster recovery
Disaster Recovery
  • Freight is pre-positioned often in the path of the hurricane
    • Concern for drivers and equipment in the path
    • These points need to be determined logistically
      • Example: Points that are far enough inland but along a major highway to efficiently get in to the effected area once the storm hits
disaster recovery1
Disaster Recovery
  • Need for a “just in time” program to eliminate the massive wait times
    • Trucks sat on average from 7 to 10 days before delivering
    • Govt could access more capacity at a cheaper price by eliminating or minimizing the wait time on the ground
      • Many companies will not participate because of the uncertainty of when they’ll get their truck back
    • Need to focus on the “last mile”
disaster recovery2
Disaster Recovery
  • Loads that originated within a hundred miles or so of the delivery point would often travel 500 miles or more to staging area and then back to delivery
    • Example: Water picked up in Miami area taken to Jacksonville, sat 5 days and then delivered back to Miami
    • Create system to deliver straight from origin
disaster recovery3
Disaster Recovery
  • Confusion on who is in charge
    • Numerous individuals from a number of different agencies and companies directing drivers where to go on the ground
      • Often times what we are told by our customer and what the drivers are being told by govt officials do not match up
    • Drivers often sent to sites that did not need anymore supplies or had already been shutdown
  • Use the internet to provide more info on safety and infrastructure issues
  • Have one agency or group manage the logistics and have procedures in place so all carriers know their role beforehand
    • Possibly create an SOP and FAQ document to minimize confusion
  • Create just in time processes
    • Will lessen impact of disasters on national freight network.
    • Reduce costs
    • Reduce congestion in affected areas by limiting the amount of trucks driving back and forth