Mound Builders Wb. 32 and 51
Woodland Indians • Many of the Woodland Indians who lived in Tennessee were Mound Builders. • Their name comes from the large piles of earth, called mounds they built in or near their settlements.
What were mounds used for? • Burial grounds • Location of temples • Location for homes How were they built? • Workers would carry heavy baskets of dirt, one at a time, to their building sites. • Each mound could take months or even years to build. • Mounds range from 20’ (6m) to 300’ (91m) wide.
Dimensions • Some mounds were built in rectangular or circular shapes. • Others had four straight sides that sloped up to a flat top. • Some mounds were as tall as 72’ which is the same as a seven-story building.
Mississippian Indians • The Mississippi Mound Builders were the last group of Mound Builders to settle in Tennessee. (1600s) • They were one of the greatest mound-building societies in Tennessee. • They made their homes along the MS River. • Some of the mounds they built were almost as large as a football field.
Let’s Review • Nomads - Moved from place to place • Woodland Indians - Built villages in Middle Tennessee • Native Americans - First people to live in Tennessee • Mound Builders - Built mounds of earth • Mississippian Indians - The last of the Mound Builders