BIO. 1300/1400 CHAPTER 5—ENZYMES. ENZYME—AN ORGANIC CATALYST—SPEEDS UP A REACTION BUT IS NOT USED UP IN THE REACTION. ENZYMES. THE ENDING OR SUFFIX OF A WORD LETS YOU KNOW IF IT IS THE NAME OF AN ENZYME IF THE WORD ENDS IN –ASE THEN IT IS AN ENZYME—EXAMPLES ARE: SUCRASE LACTASE MALTASE.
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ENZYME—AN ORGANIC CATALYST—SPEEDS UP A REACTION BUT IS NOT USED UP IN THE REACTION
ADDITIONAL MOLECULES OR COMPOUNDS WHICH ARE NEEDED BY ENZYMES THAT ALLOW THEM TO WORK
ELEMENTS OR ORGANIC MOLECULES ARE COFACTORS
IF THE COFACTOR IS NOT A PROTEIN BUT ANOTHER ORGANIC COMPOUND IT IS CALLED A COENZYME. IT ACTS TO BRING IN PART OF THE SUBSTRATE OR TO REMOVE SOME OF THE END PRODUCTS
ONE EXAMPLE IS CO-ENZYME A WHICH WORKS IN BRINGING CARBONS INTO THE KREB’S CYCLE IN THE MITOCHONDRIA.