COMMUNISM: THEORY & PRACTICE. EUROPE. Ukraine-Crimea Peninsula. Eastern Europe/Russia. Central Asia. KARL MARX. German Philosopher -originated idea of communism - economic system where citizens own property together and everyone shares the wealth
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-originated idea of
communism- economic system
where citizens own property
together and everyone shares
-hated capitalism = a few
rich people and many
"The history of all hitherto existing
society is the history of class struggles.”
Karl Marx studied law and philosophy, and was initially influenced by the works of G. W. F. Hegel. Marx rejected the idealism of Hegel and developed a more materialistic theory of history as science, ultimately predicting that the triumph of the working class was inevitable.
With his collaborator Friedrich Engels, MARX PUBLISHED THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO IN 1848.
His work greatly influenced modern socialism, and he is considered one of the founders of economic history and sociology.
Marx is no relation to the comedian Groucho Marx.
-to force citizens to accept
-took control of EVERYTHING
-made ALL economic decisions
THE 10 MEASURES OF COMMUNISM
1.Abolition of private property in land
(NO PRIVATE OWNERSHIP – GOVERNMENT OWNS ALL LAND, STORES, FACTORIES, ETC.).
2.A heavy progressive income tax
(TAXES WEALTHY MORE THAN POOR).
4.Confiscation of property of emigrants and rebels(ANYONE WHO DIDN’T AGREE WITH THEM GOT WHAT THEY OWNED GIVEN TO THE GOVERNMENT).
5.Centralization of credit in the banks of the state, by means of a national bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly (GOVERNMENT CONTROLS ALL THE MONEY, BUSINESS & TRADE).
7.Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the state; The bringing into cultivation of waste lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan. (GOVERNMENTS SAYS WHAT TO MAKE AND HOW MUCH).
9.Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; Gradual abolition of all the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the populace over the country. (CITY & COUNTRY ARE EQUAL, POPULATION IS SPREAD OUT)
Met Quota Or Not
Delays In All Sectors
-due to Cold War
-shortages in food, clothing
-opened to foreign
-no time to learn & adjust
Economy in 1989