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Traditional Knowledge. Basic system of Local decisions Specific and not universal Transmitted orally or by observation, Rather tacit knowledge , Knowledge learned by repetition , Practical knowledge Unique to each society Dynamic and constantly evolving.

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Traditional Knowledge

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traditional knowledge
  • Basic system of Local decisions
  • Specific and not universal
  • Transmittedorally or by observation,
  • Rathertacitknowledge,
  • Knowledgelearned by repetition,
  • Practicalknowledge
  • Unique to each society
  • Dynamic and constantlyevolving
traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation
Traditional Knowledge in Climate Change Adaptation
  • Rainfall forecast
  • Proposals on the technical choices to be made depending on forecast results
  • Incantations to cause rain
  • Adaptation of agro-forestry techniques
  • Techniques of water conservation and soil
  • Other examples?
challenges related to the value of traditional knowledge
Challenges related to the value of Traditional Knowledge
  • Protection and safeguarding of knowledge:
  • maintainingbiodiversity :
  • traceability of the diffusion process:
  • enhancement of local cultural heritage
  • Understanding the adaptation mechanisms of TK against the changing of contexte
importance of traditional knowledge in adaptation programmes
Importance of traditional knowledge in adaptation programmes
  • Greater adaptability of adaptation programmes
  • Enhanced participation of affected communities
  • Empowerment of people in the decision process
  • Better understanding of the situation and local practices by external agents
  • Strengthening replicability conditions (use of local resources)
  • Level of susceptibility or likelihood of being affected by climate change effects

It depends on the :

  • level of risk exposure
  • level of risk sensitivity
exposure factors and sensitivity
Exposure factors and sensitivity
  • Dependence on rain-fed agriculture
  • The type of occupation of space (eg: flood risk)
  • Lowsoilquality
  • Lowincome to allowinvestment in improvingtechnology
  • Weakness of humancapital
  • Weakness of social capital
  • Ability of a system to overcome the shocks caused by the CC and develop appropriate responses to meet the state (earlier) in which he found before the shock ("passive"resilience)  
  • "Transformational" Resilience : Ability to transform the system for a sustainable adaptation to future shocks
adaptation capacity
Adaptation Capacity
  • Ability to identify, plan, implement and monitor CC adaptation measures.
  • This abilitydepends on the availability and access to FUNDS: human, social, financial, technical, natural
  • Access to thesefunds varies from one system to another
  • For each system itis important to identify the CAPITAL whichconstitutes a leveragewitha multiplier effecton other types of capital or resources
monitoring and evaluation process
Monitoring and Evaluation Process

M&E of the process?

What are the objectivesof M&E

M&E ofdissemination?

What are the recommendedchanges

What are the indicatorsof M&E

How to analyse the information

Whoisdoing the collection

What are the methodologiesandinstrumentsofthecollection ?

facilitation process
Facilitation Process
  • Before starting
    • Assist stakeholders to set goals
    • Helping them to define roles and responsibilities
    • Evaluate the logistical and financial needs
    • Plan the implementation
  • During
    • Facilitate the identification of actors
    • Lead actors to clearly define the objectives for each stage
    • Propose appropriate tools for each step
    • Ensure that everyone participates appropriately
    • Organize note taking during discussions
    • Lead actors to evaluate each session:
facilitation of process
Facilitation of Process
  • After
    • Facilitate an assessment of the capitalization process
    • Reporting on the evaluation process
factors to be considered in selecting capitalization topics
Factors to be considered in selecting capitalization topics
  • Atwhat stage of the project cycle, the processgoes on capitalization?
  • Depending on the stage of the project cycle of capitalizationwhatshouldbe the strategic objective of the exercise?
  • Whatis the relevance of the capitalizationexercise in relation to the goal / vision of the project?
factors to consider in selecting capitalization topics
Factors to consider in selecting capitalization topics
  • Whatinvolvementpotential / partnership?
  • Whatpotential impact the dissemination of resultscangenerate?
  • What are the capacities and availableresources?



To influence decisionmakers to replicate the projectresults to otherdrought-prone areas in Mozambique

Defineyourcriteria and indicators

Ask the Question:

Whatwillbe the keydeterminants for policymakersbehavior change

Examples of criteria/guiding questions

Is the technology accessible/affordable to poorcommunities?

Is itsocially acceptable?

Is itenvironmentallysustainable

Show evidence of positive impact on social adaptation

Show evidence of constrainingfactors






Important to think about the analytical framerwork when you start planning the documentation process

analysis matrix

Comments: give reasons which explain scores and provide details of

strengths and weaknesses

documentation tools are multi purpose example the 4 r s
Documentation tools are multi-purposeExample: the 4 R’s

From Description: the What

To analysis: the How and why?

Description of key actors rights, roles, responsibilities, expected returns from the implementation of the project

Analysis: To what extent the project implementation has taken into account the expression of the rights of the actors? How effective were actors in fulfilling their responsibilities? To what extend their expectations(returns) have been met? Etc.