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Why do people hate others? • What is racism? • What are modern examples of racism? • What examples are there from the past? • What are the most extreme cases of racism?
Jewish people before Nazis • 1933 600,000 Jews lived in Germany • Jews held important positions in government and taught in German universities • Of 38 Noble Prizes won by German writers and scientists between 1905 and 1936, 14 went to Jews • Jewish people spoke German and considered it their home
Nazis come to power • When Nazi’s gained power German Jews lives changed • April 1, 1933 first actions against the Jews took place
Nazi policies against Jews • Nazi spokesmen claimed the boycott was an act of revenge against both German Jews and foreigners, including U.S and English journalists, who had criticized the Nazi regime • Signs were posted saying don’t buy Jewish goods • New laws were passed restricting Jews from government jobs
Acts against the Jewish people • Stories • Cartoons • Stories
Jewish Hatred Grows • Because of incident with a Jewish teenager assassinating a German official violence broke out • November 9, 1938 7,000 Jewish buisnesses were looted and trashed, 1,000 synagogues were burned • Pogram became known as Kristallnacht or “Night of Broken Glass.”
Next Day • Morning after 30,000 Jewish men were arrested for being Jewish and sent to concentration camps • Business were not allowed to be reopened unless run by a non-Jew • Curfews were placed • Children were expelled from public school
Emigration • Hitler favored emigration-allowing others to move out of the country • France admitted 25,000 • Britain admitted 80,000 • Latin America admitted 40,000 • U.S admitted 100,000 • Many countries closed their doors
Ghettos • Since Hitler could not get rid of the Jews he moved them to certain cities where he set up ghettos- segregated Jewish areas • Hitler sealed these cities off where he hoped for people to die of starvation and disease • People resisted and were able to smuggle in goods and continued to school their children