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Grammar Review

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  1. Grammar Review

  2. Assignment • Skipping lines on one of your pieces of paper, name your favorite item. Include as many details as you can about it. What emotions does it invoke? What do others think about it? DO NOT STOP writing until I tell you to do so!!!

  3. Parts of Speech • Pronouns • Replace nouns in function • Kinds • Personal (renames a noun) • He, she , it • Demonstrative (points out a specific) • This, that, these • Indefinite (points out something that can’t be specified) • Some, none, any , all • Interrogative (asks a question) • Whose, which, what, whom

  4. Parts of Speech • Nouns • Kinds • Proper • Names a person, place or thing • Concrete • Names something physical • Abstract • Names something intangible • Compound • Two nouns put together to form one noun • Collective • One noun referring to many things

  5. Parts of Speech • Verbs • Action • Puts static objects into motion • Linking • Clarifies objects • beam, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, become, and seem.

  6. Parts of Speech • Clauses • Adjective Clauses • Answer questions such as: • What kind? • Which one? • Begin with the words: • That, which, who, whom, whose • Adverbial Clauses • Answer questions such as: • Where? • When? • How? • Begin with the words: • After, because, before, even though, since, until, if, when

  7. Parts of Speech • Simple Subject • Usually a single noun that tells what the sentence is about • Complete Subject • Additional words that help to identify the main subject • Example 1: These saws were ruined.Explanation: What had something done to them? "Saws." Therefore "saws" is the subject. What was done to the saws? They were ruined. Therefore "were ruined" is the verb. The other word in the sentence is "these." What does "these" tell you? Which saws. Therefore "these" belongs to the subject. "These saws" is the complete subject.

  8. Parts of Speech • Simple Predicate • A word that tells what the subject is doing • Complete predicate • all words other than the subject and its modifiers • Example 1: Cars should run well.Explanation: What does something? Cars. Therefore "cars" is the subject. What do cars do? They should run, so "should run" is the verb. The other word in the sentence is "well." What does "well" tell you? How cars should run, so "well" belongs to the verb. "Will run well" is the complete verb.

  9. Parts of Speech • Predicate Nominative • Defines the subject • John is a plumber.Mike is a vet.Richard is a teacher. • Predicate Adjective • An adjective used to help describe the subject • The book is red. • The house is big.

  10. Assignment • Using the writing that you did about your favorite item: • 1. underline the pronouns (and label) • 2. encircle the nouns (and label) • 3. put a square around the verbs (and label) • 4. put the clauses in parenthesis • 5. place a wavy line under the complete • subject of each sentence. • 6. place an astericks at the beginning and • end of the complete predicate of each sentence. • 7. put a PN or PA above the predicate noms and • predicate adjs.