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The United States Foreign Assistance Reforms: An Overview

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The United States Foreign Assistance Reforms: An Overview. Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), 1993.

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government performance and results act gpra 1993
Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), 1993

Intended to shift the focus of Government officials and managers from program inputs toward program execution — what results (outcomes & outputs) are being achieved & how well are programs meeting expected objectives

REQUIRES

Long-term goals

Annual performance targets

Annual reporting of actual performance

usaid planning framework
USAID Planning Framework

A compendium of separate documents:

  • “Policy Framework for Bilateral Foreign Aid” (The White Paper) & many other USAID policies

- how we work

  • Strategic resource allocation model

- where we work

slide4
Managing for Results

Results that USAID wants to achieve

GPRA&

Core

Values

&

USG Priorities

USAID implements programs & activities

Information to assess & improve performance

usaid core values
USAID Core Values

EmpowermentandAccountability

ValuingDiversity

Managing forResults

Customer Focus

Teamwork

and

Participation

the managing for results system
Mission/Vision/Core Values

Communications

Strategic Plans

Assessing&Learning

Planning

Achieving

Outcomes

Targets

Decisions

Activity Plans

ManagementInitiatives

The Managing for Results System
levels of results
Levels of Results

USAID Goals

Strategic Level

(Results)

Strategic Objectives

Intermediate Results

Tactical Level

(Inputs & Outputs)

Sub-Intermediate Results

Activities

joint state usaid planning begins
SO

Joint State/USAID Agency Strategic Plan

Strategic Goals

Filter of Agency Framework, Bureau Frameworks &Technical Strategies

Performance Goals

Mission Strategic Objectives

USAID Operating Unit Strategy Statement

Joint State & USAID Planning Begins
standardization begins
Standardization Begins…….
  • Program Components
  • Common Indicators
foreign assistance reform timeline
Foreign Assistance Reform Timeline
  • January 2006: Secretary Rice conceptualizes foreign assistance as essential component of transformational diplomacy
  • March 2006: Ambassador Tobias appointed Director of Foreign Assistance (F) to oversee State & USAID funds:
    • Ensure foreign assistance is used effectively to meet foreign policy objectives
    • Align foreign assistance activities of State & USAID
    • Demonstrate responsibility for taxpayer dollars……..
foreign assistance reform timeline11
Foreign Assistance Reform Timeline
  • May 2006: New budget & planning process announced
  • June 2006: New Foreign Assistance Framework outlines 5 functional objectives & 5 country categories.
the goal of the foreign assistance framework
The Goal of the Foreign Assistance framework

Helping to build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that will respond to the needs of their people & conduct themselves responsibly in the international system.

objectives of the foreign assistance framework
Objectives of the Foreign Assistance Framework
  • Peace and Security
  • Governing Justly & Democratically
  • Investing in People
  • Economic Growth
  • Humanitarian Assistance
country categories
Country Categories
  • Rebuilding countries
  • Developing countries
  • Transforming countries
  • Sustaining partnership countries
  • Restrictive countries
foreign assistance standardized structure and definitions available at www state gov f reform
Foreign Assistance Standardized Structure and DefinitionsAvailable at www.state.gov/f/reform
  • Each Objective broken down into
    • Program Areas
    • Program Elements
    • Program Sub-Elements
  • Standardized OP Indicators that describe whatwill be achieved at Program Area & Element Levels
an example
An example…..
  • Governing Justly & Democratically
  • 4 Program Areas
    • 1. Rule of Law & Human Rights

Program Element 1.1 Constitutions, Laws & Legal systems

Program Element 1.2 Judicial Independence

Program Element 1.3 Justice System

foreign assistance strategy country operational plans
Foreign Assistance Strategy & Country Operational Plans
  • Global strategy being drafted to amplify framework
  • 67 fast track countries have prepared a combined USAID/State Operational Plan
the operational plan
The Operational Plan
  • Operating Unit Overview
  • Program Area & Element Information
    • Narrative
    • USG, Host Country & Donor Activities
    • OP Indicators & Targets
  • Implementing Mechanism Information
    • Planned activities
    • OP Indicators & Targets
    • Sub-partners
organizational structure
Organizational Structure
  • Four USG-wide sector teams
    • Peace & Security
    • Governing Justly & Democratically
    • Investing in People
    • Economic Growth
  • Two cross-cutting teams:
    • Strategic Information
    • Management and Budget
unified usg planning
Unified USG planning
  • Country Team approach under the Ambassador
      • Political Section
      • Economic Section
      • Public Affairs Section
      • Department Of Defense
      • National Institute for Health
      • Centre for Disease Control
      • US Department of Agriculture
      • USAID
areas elements and indicators
Areas, Elements and Indicators
  • Program Areas, Elements & sub-elements must be selected from the “Foreign Assistance Standardized Program Structure & Definitions”
  • OP Indicators must be selected from a menu of standardized indicators – at least one indicator per program element
  • “Custom” indicators from PMPs can be incorporated into the operational plan at the implementing mechanism level
review approval processes
Review & Approval Processes
  • Each OP is reviewed by Objective by inter-agency technical experts
  • Overall OP review by Senior leadership to ensure policy coherence
  • Approval by Director of Foreign Assistance
the op and performance management
The OP and Performance Management
  • Indicators & targets established in the operational plan do not replace USAID or partner performance management plans
  • PMPs are a “best development practice”
  • Relevant OP Indicators should be incorporated into PMPs
  • Data Quality Assessments must be done
unified usg planning24
Unified USG Planning
  • Old terminology:
    • USAID Strategic Objective
  • New terminology:
    • Foreign Assistance Objective
  • www.state.gov/f
some questions to ask
Some Questions to Ask….
  • Is there an adequate role for host country input?
  • Will what gets measured be the only things that get done?
  • Will the Framework better guide potential partners to design more focused projects?
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