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Manicuring. Cosmetology :. Milady’s Standard Cosmetology. “Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do” John Wooden. Objectives. Identify the 4 types of nail implements and/or tools required to perform a manicure

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Milady’s Standard Cosmetology

“Do not let what you

cannot do interfere with what

you can do”

John Wooden

  • Identify the 4 types of nail implements and/or tools required to perform a manicure
  • Demonstrate the safe and correct handling of nail implements and tools
  • Exhibit the proper set-up of a manicuring table
  • Demonstrate the necessary 3-part procedure requirements for nail services
  • Identify the 5 basic nail shapes
  • Perform a basic and conditioning hot oil manicure, incorporating all safety, sanitation, and disinfection requirements
  • Demonstrate the correct technique for the application of nail polish
  • Perform the 5 basic nail polish applications
  • Perform the hand and arm massage movements associated with manicuring
  • Perform a paraffin wax hand treatment
  • Display all sanitation, disinfection, and safety requirements essential to nail and hand care services
  • Define and understand aromatherapy
  • Identify carrier oils and understand their use
  • Understand how aromatherapy can be incorporated into a service
equipment implements and materials
Equipment, Implements, and Materials
  • Table and lamp
  • Fingerbowl
  • Client/technician chair
  • Disinfectant container
equipment implements and materials8
Equipment, Implements, and Materials
  • Client arm cushion
  • Wipe container
  • Supply tray
  • UV or electric polish dryer
  • Wooden pusher
  • Metal pusher
  • Abrasive files and buffers
  • Nipper
  • Tweezers
  • Nail brush
  • Chamois buffer
  • Three-way buffer
  • Nail clippers
sanitation for implements
Sanitation for Implements
  • Wash thoroughly
  • Fully immerse
  • Rinse and dry
  • Store properly
  • Disposal towels
  • Brushes and applicators
  • Cotton balls, pads, or pledgets
  • Plastic or metal spatulas
  • Trash containers
  • Soap
  • Polish remover
  • Nail creams and oils
  • Cuticle removers
  • Nail bleach
  • Pumice powder
  • Colored polishes
  • Base coat
  • Hardener
    • Protein
    • Other types
    • Formaldehyde
    • Dimethyl
  • Top coat
  • Nail polish dryers
  • Hand cream or lotions
  • Nail conditioners
basic table set up
Basic Table Set-Up
  • Clean table
  • Prepare arm cushion
  • Fill disinfectant container
  • Place products
basic table set up17
Basic Table Set-Up
  • Place abrasives
  • Place fingerbowl
  • Prepare for waste disposal
  • Place polishes
  • Prepare drawer
choosing a nail shape
Choosing a Nail Shape
  • Square
  • Squoval
  • Round
  • Oval
  • Pointed
blood spill
Blood Spill
  • Put on gloves
  • Apply pressure; clean with antiseptic
  • Stanch bleeding
  • Complete service if appropriate
  • Discard used materials
  • Clean table and disinfect implements
blood spill20
Blood Spill
  • Remove gloves, wash hands
  • Practice Universal Precautions
plain manicure pre service
Plain Manicure Pre-Service
  • Sanitize implements
  • Rinse implements
  • Immerse implements
  • Wash hands
  • Rinse and dry implements
plain manicure pre service22
Plain Manicure Pre-Service
  • Follow approved storage procedure
  • Disinfect surface
  • Prepare client’s cushion
  • Refill disposable materials
  • Use hand sanitizers
post service procedure
Post-Service Procedure
  • Schedule next appointment
  • Advise client
  • Promote product sales
  • Clean work area
  • Disinfect implements
  • Record service information
basic manicure
Basic Manicure
  • Pre-service
  • Procedure
  • Post-service
manicure procedure
Manicure Procedure
  • Remove polish
  • Shape the nails
manicure procedure26
Manicure Procedure
  • Soften cuticles
  • Clean nails
  • Dry hands
manicure procedure27
Manicure Procedure
  • Apply cuticle remover
  • Loosen and remove cuticles
manicure procedure28
Manicure Procedure
  • Nip dead skin
  • Clean under free edge
  • Repeat steps 5-9 on other hand
manicure procedure29
Manicure Procedure
  • Bleach nails (optional)
  • Buff nails with high shine buffer
manicure procedure30
Manicure Procedure
  • Apply nail oil
  • Bevel nails
  • Apply lotion and massage
manicure procedure31
Manicure Procedure
  • Remove traces of oil
  • Choose polish color
  • Apply polish
5 types of polish application
5 Types of Polish Application
  • Full coverage
  • Free edge
  • Hairline tip
  • Slimline or free walls
  • Half moon or lunula
french manicure
French Manicure
  • Apply base coat
  • Apply white polish
french manicure35
French Manicure
  • Apply translucent polish
  • Apply top coat
reconditioning hot oil manicure
Reconditioning Hot Oil Manicure
  • Perform pre-service
  • Begin manicure
  • Remove old polish
  • Shape nails
  • Apply oil
  • Apply lotion
reconditioning hot oil manicure37
Reconditioning Hot Oil Manicure
  • Proceed with hand and arm massage.
  • Remove cuticle tissue
  • Remove dead skin tags
  • Repeat on other hand
  • Remove oil
paraffin wax procedure
Paraffin Wax Procedure
  • Perform pre-service
  • Check hands for wounds or diseases
  • Apply moisturizing lotion
  • Test temperature of wax
  • Position hand for dipping
paraffin wax procedure40
Paraffin Wax Procedure
  • Dip one hand
  • Repeat process 3–5 times
  • Wrap hands
  • Repeat procedure on other hand
paraffin wax procedure41
Paraffin Wax Procedure
  • Let hands rest 5–10 minutes
  • Remove paraffin
  • Dispose of used paraffin
  • Begin manicure procedure
paraffin wax during manicure
Paraffin Wax During Manicure
  • Perform pre-service
  • Remove polish, shape nails, repair if needed
  • Apply moisturizer
  • Test temperature
  • Perform paraffin, dipping, wrapping, resting, and removal steps
  • Continue manicure procedure
hand massage
Hand Massage
  • Relaxer movement
  • Joint movement on fingers
hand massage44
Hand Massage
  • Circular movement in palm
  • Circular movement on wrist
  • Circular movement on back of hands and fingers
arm massage
Arm Massage
  • Distribution of lotion or cream
  • Effleurage on arms
  • Wringing/friction movement
arm massage46
Arm Massage
  • Kneading movement
  • Rotation of elbow
spa manicure
Spa Manicure
  • Include exfoliation
  • The rose garden
  • The alpha hydroxy acid
  • The use of essential oils to produce different aromas
ten basic essential oils




Tea tree






Ten Basic Essential Oils
carrier oils
Carrier Oils
  • Sweet almond
  • Sunflower seed
  • Apricot
  • Avocado
  • Grapeseed
  • Jojoba
  • Olive
summary and review
Summary and Review
  • List 4 types of nail implements
  • Describe procedures for sanitizing and disinfecting implements
  • Describe procedures for handling blood spills
  • Describe procedure for basic manicure table set-up
summary and review52
Summary and Review
  • List 2 types of polish removers
  • Why is having an MSDS for all products important?
  • List the 5 basic nail shapes
  • What special factors should be considered when selecting the nail shape?
  • List and discuss the 3-part procedure sequence required in manicuring
summary and review53
Summary and Review
  • Describe the correct procedures for polish application
  • What is the purpose of a conditioning oil treatment?
  • Discuss the basic differences between a manicure for a man and a manicure for a woman
summary and review54
What are the benefits of a paraffin wax treatment?

List the suggested procedures for performing a wax treatment

Summary and Review
summary and review55
Summary and Review
  • Name the 5 hand massage techniques
summary and review56
Summary and Review
  • List arm massage techniques
summary and review57
Summary and Review
  • What is aromatherapy?
  • How are essential oils used?


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