Conference on Work, Family, Health, and Well-being. Washington, D.C. June 16 – 18, 2003. The psychosocial work environment and the associations with work-family conflict. Tage S. Kristensen, Denmark. Lars Smith-Hansen, Denmark. Nicole Jansen, The Netherlands. Program:.
Washington, D.C. June 16 – 18, 2003.
The psychosocial work environment and the associations with work-family conflict.
Tage S. Kristensen, Denmark.
Lars Smith-Hansen, Denmark.
Nicole Jansen, The Netherlands.
Work environment professionals
Questionnaire for work environment professionals:
Questionnaire for workplaces:
Three levels of different length and complexity
National normative values
Five different kinds of job demands
To develop valid instruments for use at different levels
To make national and international comparisons possible
To make it easier to operationalize complicated theories
Empowerment of employees and workplaces
Improved quality of the work of work
Theory based interventions and assessments
Scales and number of questions at all three levels
2. Organization and content of work
3. Interpersonal relations and leadership
p<0.05; p<0.01; p<0.001
the SARA Study
Points on scale from 0 to 100
Significant predictors of WFC over one year of follow-up
the Maastricht Cohort Study
Long working hours Work-Family Conflict
Work-Family Conflict Reduced working hours
(In particular among women)
Implications for gender differences and for study design.
In two Danish and one Dutch study of WFC all three types of psychosocial factors were strongly related to WFC.
Demands: In Particular quantitative and emotional demands.
Work structure & content: In particular influence at work.
Interpersonal relations and leadership.
Intervention studies aiming at reducing WFC should be guided by a comprehensive model of the psychosocial work environment.
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