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2 /26 Focus: In the 1300’s, the bubonic plague, sometimes called the black death, disrupted trade and the social and political life of Europe Do Now: What were trade guilds?. The Black Plague . t. The Black Plague. Highly contagious disease that spread across Europe from 1347-1351

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slide1

2/26 Focus:

    • In the 1300’s, the bubonic plague, sometimes called the black death, disrupted trade and the social and political life of Europe
  • Do Now:
    • What were trade guilds?
the black plague1
The Black Plague
  • Highly contagious disease that spread across Europe from 1347-1351
  • Disease was almost always fatal
  • Symptoms
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Large dark splotches on the skin
      • “The Black Death”
    • High fever
    • Vomiting
    • Painful headaches
origins of the plague
Origins of the Plague
  • Believed to have started in Chinese cities around 1331
slide5

Origins of the Plague

Plague was spread by fleas that lived on rats

Bacteria

multiply in

flea’s gut.

Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria.

Human is infected!

Flea’s gut cloggedwith bacteria.

Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound.

origins of the plague1
Origins of the Plague
  • Disease spread rapidly through crowded urban cities
  • Mongol armies helped spread the plague
    • used infected bodies as a biological weapon
      • Launched dead bodies into cities they were laying siege to
spread west
Spread West
  • Plague moved along the caravan trade routes toward the west
    • By 1345 had arrived in Russia
    • Arrives in Cairo and Alexandria by 1348
      • Killed 7,000 people a day in Cairo at its peak
plague arrives in europe
Plague Arrives in Europe
  • Resurgence of trade helped spread plague into Europe
    • Fleas on rats spread from trading ships into Europe
    • Enters through Sicily and then Italian City states
    • Quickly spreads through Europe
plague arrives in europe1
Plague Arrives in Europe
  • Unsanitary conditions in cities and towns supported large populations of rats which carried the disease
    • Fleas leapt from rats to people
plague arrives in europe2
Plague Arrives in Europe
  • Mutated version of plague could be spread through the air
    • Much deadlier and could kill within a day
  • Doctors could not treat the disease
    • Tried bloodletting and folk medicine
    • Some people turned to magic and witchcraft
slide13

2/7 Focus:

    • The social upheaval that resulted from the plague was one factor which led to the end of the strict social hierarchy that existed in Europe.
  • Do Now:
    • What was the social and political system that developed in the Middle Ages?
plague arrives in europe3
Plague Arrives in Europe
  • Some believed that the plague was a punishment from God
  • Some people blamed it on Jews who they claimed were poisoning wells
    • Jews attacked and killed in some parts of Europe
plague arrives in europe4
Plague Arrives in Europe
  • The Flagellants
    • Groups of people who wandered through towns and countryside doing public penance
    • Inflicted punishments on themselves to atone for the evil of the world
    • Killed Jews they encountered
impact of the bubonic plague
Impact of the Bubonic Plague
  • Huge Population losses
    • 25 million Europeans killed
    • 35 Million Chinese killed
economic impact of the bubonic plague
Economic Impact of the Bubonic Plague
  • Town populations declined
    • Dramatic decrease in trade
    • Prices increased
economic impact of the plague
Economic Impact of the Plague
  • Large death rate decreased the number of available workers
    • Farm production declined
    • Allowed remaining workers to demand higher wages
      • Nobles resisted which led to peasant revolts
  • Many serfs left the manors for better jobs in the cities
  • Led to the end of the manorial system
social political impact of the plague
Social & Political Impact of the Plague
  • Feudalism declined as peasant revolts weakened the power of landowners over peasants
  • Monarchs gained more power and began to build powerful nations
social political impact of the plague1
Social & Political Impact of the Plague
  • Led people to question their religious faith and the Church
    • Seemed powerless to stop the plague
    • Some clergy fled towns and others charged high prices to perform services for dying victims
cultural impact of the plague
Cultural Impact of the Plague
  • Images of death appear frequently in the art and literature of the time period
cultural impact of the plague1
Cultural Impact of the Plague
  • Some people became pessimistic about life and feared the future.
    • “Happy are those that have no children”
  • Other people became preoccupied with pleasure and self indulgence.
    • “Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow you die”
slide28
http://www.schooltube.com/video/ccc6a8f747a2ed3db3c6/Black-Death-Hollaback-Girl-by-Gwen-Stefanihttp://www.schooltube.com/video/ccc6a8f747a2ed3db3c6/Black-Death-Hollaback-Girl-by-Gwen-Stefani
closure
Closure
  • How did the plague make its way to Europe?
  • What type conditions in cities and towns allowed the plague to spread easily?