Epilepsy cause and classification. By: Dr. Zinab Mofadl. A seizure is a symptom of many different disorders that can affect the brain, it is an event not a disease itself. In centuries past, the word "seizure " referred to people being taken over by supernatural forces.
A seizure is a symptom of many different disorders that can affect the brain, it is an event not a disease itself.
is a transient occurrence of signs and/or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
is a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate epileptic seizures, and by the neurobiological, cognitive, psychological, and social consequences of this condition.
hypo or hypernatremia
In older children :consists of semi-purposeful, incoordinated, and unplanned gestural automatisms, including:picking and pulling at clothing or bed sheets rubbing or caressing objects walking or running in a nondirective repetitive, and often fearful fashion.
1. Simple partial seizures evolving to generalized seizures
2. Complex partial seizures evolving to generalized seizures
1-Simple (typical) absence Seizure
produces an absence seizure.
One third of the children have a positive family history of epilepsy(a genetic etiology)
A history of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in the perinatal period.
Frequency of mental retardation and behavioral problems is ~75% of all patients.
Generalized tonic-clonic seizures ass. with myoclonic jerks with progression of disease.