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5 th World Water Forum AFRICA DAY. Dr. Mandla Gantsho Vice-President African Development Bank 18 th March 2009, Istanbul. Outline of Presentation. Introduction Africa Water Vision Mexico to Istanbul High level Political Commitments Bridging Africa’s Water Divides

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5 th world water forum africa day

5th World Water ForumAFRICA DAY

Dr. MandlaGantsho


African Development Bank

18th March 2009, Istanbul

Outline of presentation
Outline of Presentation

  • Introduction

    • Africa Water Vision

    • Mexico to Istanbul

  • High level Political Commitments

  • Bridging Africa’s Water Divides

  • Africa Regional Paper

    • Structure

    • African perspectives on themes

    • Key messages

  • Conclusion

Introduction 1 3 africa water vision
Introduction (1/3) - Africa Water Vision

“An Africa where there is an equitable and sustainable use and management of water resources for poverty alleviation, socio-economic development, regional cooperation, and the environment”

  • AWV - blueprint for the region’s water security and sanitation agenda

Introduction 2 3 africa in mexico
Introduction (2/3) – Africa in Mexico

  • African commitment in Mexico to invest in water infrastructure to achieve growth

“African countries need to invest in water infrastructure up to the level where they can, in order to achieve a self-sustaining auto-induced growth to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development”.

AMCOW Ministerial Declaration, 4th World Water Forum, Mexico

Introduction 3 3 mexico to istanbul
Introduction (3/3) – Mexico to Istanbul

  • Good progress beginning to show (60% in 2007 over 2006)

  • Much more required to address poverty through water infrastructure

  • Forum theme of Bridging Divides consistent with required African water agenda

Bridging africa s water divides
Bridging Africa’s Water Divides

  • Establishing a stronger nexus between water and

    • food security,

    • education,

    • environment,

    • health, energy,

    • regional integration,

    • economic growth and

    • future generations

High level political commitments
High Level Political Commitments

  • eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan [Feb 08]

  • Tunis Ministerial Declaration on Accelerating Water Security for Africa’s Socio-Economic Development [March 08]

  • Sirte Ministerial Declaration on Water for Agriculture and Energy in Africa and Challenges of Climate Change [Dec 08]

  • Sharm el Sheikh Commitments for Accelerating Achievement of Water and Sanitation Goals [July 08]

    Declarations address most of the challenges facing Africa’s water security (including water for agriculture and energy) and sanitation

Africa regional paper arp
Africa Regional Paper (ARP)

  • Prepared through a consultative process involving regional stakeholders

    • 3 workshops

    • Inputs from regional partners

    • Endorsement of Draft by AMCOW

Theme 1 global changes and risk management
Theme 1: Global Changes and Risk Management


  • Global climate change

  • Africa’s low adaptive capacity

Theme 2 advancing human development wss mdgs 1
Theme 2: Advancing Human Development: WSS MDGs (1)


  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for all [Goal]

  • Most countries are not on track

  • 60% without access to improved sanitation

  • Good lesson in some countries can be replicated


Theme 3 water and economic growth
Theme 3: Water and Economic Growth

Number of people without Electricity, 1970-2030


  • Water and energy

    • a growing gap yet only 7% of hydro potential is developed

  • Water, food security and agriculture

    • Out of 39.4 million hectares potential, only 3% is farmed

Theme 4 managing water resources and trans boundary activity

Major River Basins of Africa

Theme 4: Managing Water Resources and Trans-Boundary Activity


  • Most of Africa’s water resources are trans-boundary

  • Economies of scale inhibit development by individual countries

  • Joint development and regional integration are crucial for benefits-sharing

Theme 5 governance and management 1 2
Theme 5: Governance and Management (1/2)


  • Governance and management crucial alongside the building of infrastructure

  • Right to water enshrined in national policies yet very low commitment to deliver

  • Ensuring greater inclusivity in WRM with actors from across the water-using communities

Theme 5 governance and management 2 2

TIGER Training session, Cape Town, 2006

Theme 5: Governance and Management – (2/2)


  • Capacity constraints at local, national and regional levels hinder progress [even where finance is available]

  • Improved capacity of local government, civil society, project developers to implement water-related programmes

Theme 6: Finance

  • Issues

  • Update indicates $50 bn p.a. to address water security. AWV estimated $20 billion

  • An estimated gap of $30 billion p.a.

Education information knowledge
Education, Information & Knowledge


  • Investing in Data, Information and Knowledge

  • Effective M&E is hampered by, among others:

    • Lack of human and financial resources

    • Lack of appreciation of the importance of monitoring data

Key messages from the africa region
Key Messages from the Africa Region

  • There is a clear vision for achieving water security in Africa

  • Commitments at Africa’s highest political level are in place

  • A major scaling up of finance for expansion of Africa’s water infrastructure is needed

  • Country specificities must be acknowledged

  • The time to deliver is now