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United States History to 1877. Review. Which body of water was the gateway to the west?. Ohio River. Which body of water located in the Midwest would you find inland port cities?. The Great Lakes.

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slide4
Which body of water provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America?

Gulf of Mexico

which body of water was a highway for explorers early settlers and later immigrants
Which body of water was a highway for explorers, early settlers, and later immigrants?

Atlantic Ocean

which two bodies of water were transportation arteries for industrial and farm products
Which two bodies of water were transportation arteries for industrial and farm products?

Mississippi and Missouri Rivers

which bodies of water was have allowed the united states access to other areas of the world
Which bodies of water was have allowed the United States access to other areas of the world?

Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

how do bodies of water create links to other areas
How do bodies of water create links to other areas?

Support trade, transportation, and settlement

which geographical region is located along the atlantic ocean and gulf of mexico
Which geographical region is located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico?

Coastal Plain

which geographical region extends from eastern canada to western alabama
Which geographical region extends from eastern Canada to western Alabama?

Appalachian Mountains

which geographical region is wrapped around the hudson bay and shaped like a horseshoe
Which geographical region is wrapped around the Hudson Bay and shaped like a horseshoe?

Canadian Shield

which geographical region has hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers
Which geographical region has hills worn by erosion and hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers?

Canadian Shield

which geographical region is located west the appalachian mountains and east of the great plains
Which geographical region is located west the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Great Plains?

Interior Lowlands

which geographical region is located west of the interior lowlands and east of the rocky mountains
Which geographical region is located west of the Interior Lowlands and east of the Rocky Mountains?

Great Plains

which geographical region has flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward
Which geographical region has flat land that gradually increases in elevation westward?

Great Plains

which geographical region is located west of the great plains and east of the basin and range
Which geographical region is located west of the Great Plains and east of the Basin and Range?

Rocky Mountains

which geographical region has rugged mountains stretching from alaska almost to mexico
Which geographical region has rugged mountains stretching from Alaska almost to Mexico?

Rocky Mountains

slide29
Which geographical region is located west of the Rocky Mountains and east of the Sierra Nevadas and the Cascades?

Basin and Range

how did geography and climate impact how american indian groups met their basic needs
How did geography and climate impact how American Indian groups met their basic needs?

Shelter was made of resources found in their environment.

what are some examples of resources used by native americans to build their shelter
What are some examples of resources used by Native Americans to build their shelter?

Sod, stones, animal skins, and wood.

slide47
Which American Indian group inhabited the interior of the United States characterized by dry grasslands?

Lakota

what economic reasons motivated explorers
What economic reasons motivated explorers?

Gold, natural resources, and trade

how did competition encourage exploration
How did competition encourage exploration?

Build an empire and belief in superiority of own culture

name four obstacles to exploration
Name four obstacles to exploration?
  • poor maps and navigational tools
  • fear of the unknown
  • disease/starvation,
  • lack of adequate supplies
what are three accomplishments of exploration
What are three accomplishments of exploration?
  • Exchanged goods and ideas
  • Improved navigational tools and ships
  • Claimed territories
what area did robert la salle claim
What area did Robert La Salle claim?

Mississippi River Valley

which interactions between europeans and american indians were examples of cooperation
Which interactions between Europeans and American Indians were examples of cooperation?
  • Europeans brought weapons and metal tools
  • Trade
  • Crops
which interactions between europeans and american indians were examples of conflict
Which interactions between Europeans and American Indians were examples of conflict?
  • Land
  • Competition for trade
  • Differences in cultures
  • Disease
  • Language difference
what did the portuguese trade with african societies to obtain gold
What did the Portuguese trade with African societies to obtain gold?

Metals, cloth, and other manufactured goods from Europe

who settled the plymouth colony
Who settled the Plymouth Colony?

Separatists from the Church of England

why was the plymouth colony settled
Why was the Plymouth colony settled?

Separatists who wanted to avoid religious persecution

for what reason was the massachusetts bay colony settled
For what reason was the Massachusetts Bay Colony settled?

Puritans who wanted to avoid religious persecution

who settled georgia
Who settled Georgia?

People who had been in debtor’s prisons in England

what did english debtors hope to do in the new world
What did English debtors hope to do in the New World?

Experience a new life in the colony and economic freedom

which colonial region would people have made a living by fishing shipbuilding and naval supplies
Which colonial region would people have made a living by fishing, shipbuilding, and naval supplies?

New England

slide94
Which colonial region would you find the geographical features: Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain?

South

livestock grain and fish are examples of specialization for which colonial region
Livestock, grain, and fish are examples of specialization for which colonial region?

Mid-Atlantic

slide102

The New England colonies depended on the Southern colonies for crops such as tobacco, rice, cotton, and indigo, and for forest products such as lumber, tar, and pitch. They depended on the Mid-Atlantic colonies for livestock and grains. Of what is this an example?

Mid-Atlantic

what is an indentured servants
What is an indentured servants?

Men and women who did not have money for passage to the colonies and agreed to work without pay for the person who paid for their passage

what colonial groups could not vote
What colonial groups could not vote?

Women and free African Americans

why did england need to tax the colonies
Why did England need to tax the colonies?

To pay for the French and Indian War

who enforced colonial laws
Who enforced colonial laws?

Colonial governors

who made colonial laws
Who made colonial laws?

Colonial legislatures

who appointed the colonial governors
Who appointed the colonial governors?

The King or the proprietor

what was the economical relationship between england and the colonies
What was the economical relationship between England and the colonies?

England tried to establish and maintain control over colonial trade

what was the political relationship between england and the colonies
What was the political relationship between England and the colonies?

Colonists had to obey English laws

what were two reasons for britain s taxation of the colonies
What were two reasons for Britain’s taxation of the colonies?
  • finance the French and Indian War
  • Help maintain British troops in the colonies
what were sources for colonial dissatisfaction
What were sources for colonial dissatisfaction?
  • No representation in Parliament
  • Colonial resentment of the power of the colonial governors
  • Opposition to taxes
  • Proclamation of 1763
what was the purpose of the proclamation of 1763
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?

Restricted the western movement of settlers

what british law making body did the colonists feel that they had no representation
What British law-making body did the colonists feel that they had no representation?

Parliament

why did britain want to control the colonies
Why did Britain want to control the colonies?
  • Britain wanted to remain a world power
  • Raise revenue to pay for the French and Indian War
slide122
In what document is this excerpt? “People have certain unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”

Declaration of Independence

which document addresses the inalienable rights of life liberty and the pursuit of happiness
Which document addresses the inalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness?

Declaration of Independence

what are the key points of the declaration of independence
What are the key points of the Declaration of Independence ?
  • People have certain inalienable rights
  • People establish governments to protect those rights
  • People have a right and duty to change a government that violates their rights
why are governments established
Why are governments established?

To protect the rights of the people

what can people do when governments fails to protect their rights
What can people do when governments fails to protect their rights?

Have the duty and right to change the government

what inherent rights did the declaration of independence emphasize
What inherent rights did the Declaration of Independence emphasize?

Natural Rights

Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

what outspoken member of the house of burgesses proclaimed give me liberty or give me death
What outspoken member of the House of Burgesses proclaimed, “Give me liberty or give me death!”?

Patrick Henry

what prominent member of the continental congress help frame the declaration of independence
What prominent member of the Continental Congress help frame the Declaration of Independence?

Benjamin Franklin

in which event did samuel adams and paul revere lead patriots to throw tea in a harbor
In which event did Samuel Adams and Paul Revere lead patriots to throw tea in a harbor?

Boston Tea Party

in which event did delegates meet to discuss problems with england and promote independence
In which event did delegates meet to discuss problems with England and promote independence?

First Continental Congress

in which event did the first armed conflict occur during the american revolution
In which event did the first armed conflict occur during the American Revolution?

Battle of Lexington and Concord

what did the battle at yorktown signify
What did the battle at Yorktown signify?

Marked the end of the Revolutionary War

why were the colonist able to defeat great britain
Why were the colonist able to defeat Great Britain?
  • Colonist:
    • were defending their own land, principles, and beliefs
    • Had support from France
    • Had strong leadership
name the weaknesses of the articles of confederation
Name the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
  • Weak national government
  • Congress had no power to tax or regulate commerce among states
  • No common currency
  • Each state had one vote regardless of size
  • No executive or judicial branch
the articles of confederation did not provide for which two branches of government
The Articles of Confederation did not provide for which two branches of government?

Executive and Judicial

the articles of confederation did not give congress the ability to do what regarding trade
The Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the ability to do what regarding trade?

regulate

the articles of confederation lead to the construction of which document
The Articles of Confederation lead to the construction of which document?

The Constitution of the United States

why did state delegates met in philadelphia
Why did state delegates met in Philadelphia?

To decide not to revise the Articles of Confederation but to write a new constitution

what did delegates debated
What did delegates debated?

how much power should be given to the new national government and how large and small states should be represented in the new government

what did the great compromise decided
What did the Great Compromise decided?

how many votes each state would have in the Senate and the House of Representatives

slide163
A minimum of how many of the thirteen states had to vote in favor of the Constitution before it could become law.

Nine

what was based on the virginia declaration of rights and the virginia statute for religious freedom
What was based on the Virginia Declaration of Rights and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom?

The Bill of Rights

what are three specific written guarantees of individual rights in the bill of rights
What are three specific written guarantees of individual rights in the Bill of Rights?

Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion

under which of the first five presidents was the federal court system established
Under which of the first five presidents was the federal court system established?

George Washington

slide170
Under which of the first five presidents did the Bill of Rights become a part of the US Constitution?

George Washington

under which of the first five presidents did plans for the national capital develop
Under which of the first five presidents did plans for the national capital develop?

George Washington

slide172
Under which of the first five presidents did Benjamin Banneker help complete the designs for the national capital?

George Washington

slide175
Under which of the first five presidents had Lewis and Clark explore the land west of the Mississippi?

Thomas Jefferson

what was the result of the war of 1812
What was the result of the War of 1812?

European nations gained respect for the United States

what was the purpose of the monroe doctrine
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?

Warned European nations to not interfere in the Western Hemisphere

who was the famous african american astronomer and surveyor who helped to design the national city
Who was the famous African American astronomer and surveyor who helped to design the national city?

Benjamin Banneker

what new territories were added between 1801 and 1861
What new territories were added between 1801 and 1861?
  • Louisiana Territory
  • Florida
  • Texas
  • Oregon
  • California
how did population in the east influence westward movement
How did population in the east influence westward movement?

Population grew in eastern states which forced people west

what economic factors encouraged westward movement
What economic factors encouraged westward movement?
  • Gold (California Gold Rush),
  • logging,
  • farming,
  • freedom (runaway slaves)
what is manifest destiny
What is Manifest Destiny?

The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country

how did the cotton gin impact the need for slave labor
How did the cotton gin impact the need for slave labor?

It increased the production of cotton and more slaves

what invention did jo anderson and cyrus mccormick create which of them was an entrepreneur
What invention did Jo Anderson and Cyrus McCormick create?/Which of them was an entrepreneur?

Reaper

Cyrus McCormick

how did the reaper impact the farm production
How did the reaper impact the farm production?

Increased the productivity of the American farmer

who was robert fulton
Who was Robert Fulton?

The entrepreneur who improved the steamboat

how did the steamboat help to connect
How did the steamboat help to connect?

Provided for faster river transportation connecting Southern plantations to Northern industries

what impact did the steam locomotive have transportation
What impact did the steam locomotive have transportation?

Provided for faster land transportation

what did abolitionist believe
What did abolitionist believe?

Slavery was morally wrong, cruel and inhumane, and violated the principles of democracy

what was the suffrage movement
What was the Suffrage movement?

The movement led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war ended

who were three abolitionist and
Who were three abolitionist and?

Harriet Tubman

William Lloyd Garrison

Frederick Douglass

in which movement would you most likely hear all men and women were created equal
In which movement would you most likely hear “All men and women were created equal”?

Suffrage Movement

three prominent leaders during the suffrage movement
Three prominent leaders during the Suffrage Movement?

Isabel Sojourner Truth

Susan B. Anthony

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

who was susan b anthony
Who was Susan B. Anthony?

Suffrage Movement leader

who was elizabeth cady stanton
Who was Elizabeth Cady Stanton?

Suffrage Movement leader

slide212
What did the South begin to proclaim as a means of self-protection from the North prior to the Civil War?

States’ rights

what was the north s belief regarding the nation prior to the civil war
What was the North’s belief regarding the Nation prior to the Civil War?

The nation was a union and could not be divided

what type of issues divided the nation prior to the civil war
What type of issues divided the nation prior to the Civil War?
  • Cultural
  • Economic
  • Constitutional
  • Slavery
how did the issue of slavery divide the nation
How did the issue of slavery divide the nation?

The South relied on slave labor while the North did not

how did the north and south differ in culture
How did the North and South differ in culture?
  • North was mainly an urban/manufacturing society
  • South was primarily agricultural
what characterized the culture of the south
What characterized the culture of the South?

People lived in small villages and on farms and plantations

how did the cultural issues make it difficult for the north and the south
How did the cultural issues make it difficult for the North and the South?

It became very difficult for the two to agree on social and political issues

what were some economic issues that divided the north and south
What were some economic issues that divided the North and South?

The North was a manufacturing region while the South was agricultural region

why did the north favor tariffs
Why did the North favor tariffs?

Tariffs protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition

why did the south oppose tariffs
Why did the South oppose tariffs?

Tariffs would cause prices of manufactured goods to increase

how would tariffs impact southern economy prior to the civil war
How would tariffs impact Southern economy prior to the Civil War?

England may stop buying cotton from the South if tariffs were added

what was the constitutional difference between the north and south
What was the constitutional difference between the North and South?

States’ rights versus a strong central government

slide225
If the South did not agree with a federal law, what did they believe they should have the power to do?

The South believed they had the power to declare any national law illegal

what did the north believe was the power of the national government
What did the North believe was the power of the national government?

The North believed the national government was supreme over that of the states

how did the south feel about slavery
How did the South feel about slavery?

South- abolition of slavery would destroy the region

how did the north feel about slavery
How did the North feel about slavery?

North- abolition of slavery for moral reasons

what compromises did the nation attempt to resolve their issues prior to the civil war
What compromises did the nation attempt to resolve their issues prior to the Civil War?
  • Missouri Compromise (1820)
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
what was the missouri compromise in 1820
What was the Missouri Compromise in 1820?

Missouri would enter the union as a slave state, while Maine would enter as a free state

what was the compromise of 1850
What was the Compromise of 1850?

California was a free state, while the Southwest territories would decide about slavery

what was the kansas nebraska act
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

People decided the slavery issue

the concept of having the people decide the slavery issue is an example of what
The concept of having the people decide the slavery issue is an example of what?

Popular sovereignty

what prompted southern secession
What prompted Southern Secession?

Abraham Lincoln’s election

what began the civil war
What began the Civil War?

Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina

how did many southerners view states and the formation of the union
How did many Southerners view states and the formation of the Union?

States freely created and joined the union and could freely leave the union

how did abraham lincoln and many northerners view states and the formation of the union
How did Abraham Lincoln and many Northerners view states and the formation of the Union?

United States was on nation that could not be separated or divided

slide238

On which side did these states fight? Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Tennessee, and Virginia

The South-They seceded from the Union

of the states that remained with the union which states were border states slave states
Of the states that remained with the Union, which states were Border states (slave states)?

Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri

who was offered the command of the union forces but chose to not fight against virginians
Who was offered the command of the Union forces, but chose to not fight against Virginians?

Robert E. Lee

who opposed secession but did not believe the union should be held together by force
Who opposed secession, but did not believe the union should be held together by force?

Robert E. Lee

slide247
Who urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to continue to fight ?

Robert E. Lee

what was the gettysburg address
What was the Gettysburg Address?

Speech given by Abraham Lincoln in which he said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.”

what battle began the civil war
What battle began the Civil War?

Firing on Fort Sumter, S.C.

how did the emancipation proclamation impact the civil war
How did the Emancipation Proclamation impact the Civil War?

It made “freeing the slaves” the new focus of the war

what was the significance of the battle of vicksburg
What was the significance of the Battle of Vicksburg?

It divided the South and the North controlled the Mississippi River

what was the significance of the battle of gettysburg
What was the significance of the Battle of Gettysburg?

It was the turning point of the war. The North repelled Lee’s invasion.

what was the significance of appomattox court house
What was the significance of Appomattox Court House?

Lee surrender to Grant in 1865 which ended the war.

what southern ports did the union block
What southern ports did the Union block?

Savannah, Charleston, and New Orleans.

which locations were examples of each forces trying to capture capital cities
Which locations were examples of each forces trying to capture capital cities?

Richmond

Capital of the Confederacy Washington, D.C.

how were families impacted by the civil war
How were families impacted by the Civil War?

Families were often pitted against one another

how did southern troops compare to northern troops
How did Southern troops compare to Northern troops?

Southern troops were increasingly younger and poorly equipped and clothed

how did the civil war impact much of the south
How did the Civil War impact much of the South?

Much of the South was devastated - Atlanta and Richmond were burned

who was clara barton
Who was Clara Barton?

Civil War nurse and creator of the Red Cross

how were women impacted by the civil war
How were women impacted by the Civil War?

Women were left to run businesses in the North and farms and plantations in the South

how did the civil war impact african americans
How did the Civil War impact African Americans?
  • fought for Union/Used ship workers, cooks, laborers and camp workers in the both the Confederacy
  • Less pay
  • Discrimination
  • Served in segregated units
who was robert smalls
Who was Robert Smalls?

a sailor and later a Union naval captain

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