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The Kennedy Years. The Election of 1960. Americans fear U.S. falling behind Soviets militarily First televised presidential debate John F. Kennedy Richard Nixon Nixon: foreign policy expert Kennedy supports Martin Luther King Jr. W ins black vote

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Presentation Transcript
the election of 1960
The Election of 1960
  • Americans fear U.S. falling behind Soviets militarily
  • First televised presidential debate
    • John F. Kennedy
    • Richard Nixon
  • Nixon: foreign policy expert
  • Kennedy supports Martin Luther King Jr.
    • Wins black vote
  • Kennedy appears more handsome/composed on tv
camelot
Camelot
  • Kennedy wins presidency in close election
    • Some argue his smooth style lacks substance
    • Kennedy White House known as Camelot
      • Glamorous Culture
  • Advisers
    • “The Best and the Brightest”
    • Brother Robert Kennedy named Attorney General
jfk and the military
JFK and the Military
  • JFK wants new US nuclear strategy
  • Flexible response
    • Be able to fight conventional wars
    • Have nuclear capability
  • Increases defense spending in 3 areas
    • Strengthens conventional forces
    • Creates army special forces (Green Berets)
    • Triples nuclear capabilities
crisis over cuba
Crisis Over Cuba
  • Cuban leader Fidel Castro is Communist
    • Publicly Criticizes US
    • Seizes U.S. ships
    • Eisenhower cuts off relations
  • The Bay of Pigs
    • CIA with Cuban exiles plan invasion to kill Castro
    • FAILS
      • Exile forces killed/taken prisoner
    • Public embarrassment for JFK
cuban missile crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Nikita Khrushchev sends weapons to Cuba
    • Including nuclear missiles
  • JFK warns Soviets
    • Missile attack will trigger war on U.S.S.R.
  • World on brink of nuclear war for almost two weeks
  • Eventually, agreement reached
the berlin crisis
The Berlin Crisis
  • The Berlin Crisis
    • By 1961 20% of Germans flee to West Berlin
      • Standard of Living better in West B.
    • Makes East Berlin/Communism look bad
    • Khruschev wants to close roads to West Berlin
      • JFK refuses
    • Soviets build Berlin Wall
      • Separates E and W Berlin
easing tensions
Easing Tensions
  • Khrushchev, Kennedy aware of danger of quick decisions
    • Establish hot line—direct phone between White House, Kremlin
    • Limited Test Ban Treaty bans nuclear tests in atmosphere